Analisa Teknis dan Ekonomis Dalam Perencanaan Pembangkit Listrik Hybrid (Panel Surya dan Diesel Generator) Pada Kapal di PT.X

Oktaviani, Nur Endah Dwi (2021) Analisa Teknis dan Ekonomis Dalam Perencanaan Pembangkit Listrik Hybrid (Panel Surya dan Diesel Generator) Pada Kapal di PT.X. Undergraduate thesis, Institut Teknologi Sepuluh Nopember.

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Abstract

Kapal roro merupakan alat angkut transportasi laut yang mampu memuat kendaraan dan juga penumpang pelabuhan satu ke pelabuhan lainnya. Dalam penggunaan sehari-hari, kapal sangat bergantung dengan penggunaan bahan bakar minyak untuk menjalankan main engine, generator, generator darurat, dll. Ketergantungan terhadap penggunaan bahan bakar minyak tersebut menyebabkan biaya operasional kapal menjadi tinggi sedangkan di lain sisi pelayaran perintis ini belum layak secara ekonomi dan bisnis. Dalam riset ini ditawarkan solusi berupa penggunaan panel surya sebagai sumber energi untuk memenuhi kebutuhan kelistrikan pada kapal trimaran disaat sailing. Dalam riset ini dikaji penggunaan panel surya secara teknis dan ekonomis mengenai perancangan system tersebut. Analisa secara teknis dilakukan dengan menghitung kebutuhan daya kelistrikan saat sailing dan kemudian menghitung total panel surya yang dapat diaplikasikan di kapal roro trimaran tersebut. Setelah itu dilakukan konfigurasi ulang kebutuhan kelistrikan di kapal akibat penggunaan panel surya. Analisa secara ekonomis dilakukan dengan membandingkan konsumsi bahan bakar Antara system konvensional yang menggunakan generator dengan system hybrid yang menggunakan generator, panel surya, dan dilakukan perhitungan Break Even Pointnya. Dari hasil riset ini, diketahui total daya panel surya yang dapat diaplikasikan di kapal adalah sebesar 407.595 kW. Dari segi ekonomisnya, dengan penggunaan panel surya ini dapat menghemat konsumsi bahan bakar di kapal trimaran sebanyak 15% per tahun. Dan dengan menghitung biaya investasi, operasional, dan maintenance dari system konvensional dan system hybrid nilai break even point nya diperoleh setelah 4 tahun system tersebut beroperasi. ========================================================================================================= The roro ship is a marine transportation capable of loading vehicles and passengers from one port to another. In daily use, ships rely heavily on the use of fuel oil to run the main engine, generator, emergency generator, etc. The dependence on the use of fuel oil causes the operating costs of the ship to be high, while on the other hand this pioneer shipping is not economically and business feasible. In this research, a solution is offered in the form of using solar panels as an energy source to meet the electricity needs of a trimaran ship while sailing. This research examines the use of solar panels technically and economically regarding the design of the system. The technical analysis is carried out by calculating the electrical power requirements during sailing and then calculating the total solar panels that can be applied on the Roro Trimaran ship. After that, the ship's electrical requirements were reconfigured due to the use of solar panels. Economic analysis is done by comparing the fuel consumption between conventional systems that use generators and hybrid systems that use generators, solar panels, and the calculation of the Break Even Point is carried out. From the results of this research, it is known that the total solar panel power that can be applied on a ship is 407,595 kW. From an economic point of view, the use of solar panels can save fuel consumption on a trimaran vessel by as much as 15% per year. And by calculating the investment, operational, and maintenance costs of conventional systems and hybrid systems, the break even point value is obtained after 4 years the system operates.

Item Type: Thesis (Undergraduate)
Uncontrolled Keywords: panel surya, kapal roro, break even point, solar panels, roro boats, break even point
Subjects: T Technology > TJ Mechanical engineering and machinery > TJ808 Renewable energy sources. Energy harvesting.
T Technology > TL Motor vehicles. Aeronautics. Astronautics > TL221.5 Hybrid Vehicles. Hybrid cars
V Naval Science > VM Naval architecture. Shipbuilding. Marine engineering > VM381 Passenger ships
Divisions: Faculty of Marine Technology (MARTECH) > Marine Engineering > 36202-(S1) Undergraduate Thesis
Depositing User: Nur Endah Dwi Oktaviani
Date Deposited: 10 Mar 2021 03:24
Last Modified: 10 Mar 2021 03:24
URI: https://repository.its.ac.id/id/eprint/83618

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