Sistem Pemantauan Konsumsi Bahan Bakar Secara Real-Time Terintegrasi Dengan Internet Of Things (IOT)

Hapsari, Adella Winanda (2021) Sistem Pemantauan Konsumsi Bahan Bakar Secara Real-Time Terintegrasi Dengan Internet Of Things (IOT). Undergraduate thesis, Institut Teknologi Sepuluh Nopember.

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Abstract

Bahan bakar merupakan aspek penting dalam pengoperasian kapal yang membutuhkan biaya besar. Besarnya biaya untuk bahan bakar tidak diikuti dengan proses pemantauan bahan bakar yang baik. Dengan tidak menggunakan metode pemantauan konsumsi bahan bakar yang bekerja secara otomatis mengakibatkan manajemen pelayaran tidak mengetahui secara pasti konsumsi bahan bakar kapal sesuai dengan jarak tempuh pelayaran, sehingga memicu terjadinya kecurangan yang dilakukan oleh awak kapal terhadap bahan bakar kapal. Salah satu cara mencuri bahan bakar kapal yang umum dilakukan adalah dengan memalsukan dokumen, yaitu kapten melebihkan jumlah bahan bakar yang digunakan oleh kapal, kemudian menjual kelebihannya. Pemantauan konsumsi bahan bakar dilakukan terutama untuk mengidentifikasi peluang untuk meningkatkan efisiensi energi dan mengurangi biaya. Dengan mengikuti perkembangan teknologi, teknologi Internet of Things (IoT) mulai diterapkan di berbagai bidang industri karena dapat melakukan pengiriman data secara real-time melalui jaringan internet tanpa adanya interaksi manusia ke manusia maupun manusia ke komputer. Salah satu kegunaan teknologi IoT adalah untuk pemantauan konsumsi bahan bakar pada kapal. Pada penelitian ini, dilakukan perancangan model dan eksperimen terkait sistem pemantauan konsumsi bahan bakar menggunakan sensor dan mikrokontroler yang terintegrasi dengan internet untuk mendapatkan data yang akurat dan real-time. Hasil pengujian menunjukkan bahwa volume bahan bakar di dalam tangki, volume bahan bakar yang dikeluarkan, laju aliran bahan bakar, dan lokasi sistem dapat diketahui oleh user secara real-time melalui website IoT. Berdasarkan hasil pengukuran dengan menggunakan sensor level ultrasonik, diketahui bahwa hasil pengukuran cukup akurat dengan simpangan tetap sebesar ±0.5 cm. Sedangkan hasil pengukuran oleh flow sensor kurang akurat dikarenakan bahan bakar hanya mengandalkan gaya gravitasi saja untuk mengalir. ====================================================================================================== Fuel is an important aspect in the operation of ships that require high costs. The high cost of fuel is not followed by a automatic fuel monitoring process. By not using the fuel consumption monitoring method that works automatically, the shipping management does not know for sure the ship's fuel consumption is in accordance with the shipping mileage, thus triggering fraud committed by the ship's crew against the ship's fuel. One common method of stealing ship fuel is by falsifying documents, in which the captain exaggerates the amount of fuel used by the ship, then sells the excess. Fuel consumption monitoring is carried out primarily to identify opportunities to improve energy efficiency and reduce costs. By following technological developments, Internet of Things (IoT) technology has begun to be applied in various industrial fields because it can transmit data in real-time via the internet network without human-to-human or human-to-computer interaction. One of the uses of IoT technology is for monitoring fuel consumption on ships. In this research, the design of models and experiments related to a monitoring system for fuel consumption was carried out using sensors and microcontrollers integrated with the internet to obtain accurate and real-time data. The test results show that the volume of fuel available in the tank, the volume of fuel discharged, the flow rate of fuel, and the location of the system can be known by the user in real-time via the IoT website. Based on the results of measurements using an ultrasonic level sensor, it is known that the measurement results are quite accurate with a deviation of ± 0.5 cm. Meanwhile, the measurement results by the flow sensor are less accurate because the fuel flow only relies on the force of gravity.

Item Type: Thesis (Undergraduate)
Uncontrolled Keywords: Bahan Bakar, Internet of Things, Pemantauan Konsumsi Bahan Bakar, Real-Time, Fuel, Fuel Consumption Monitoring
Subjects: Q Science > QA Mathematics > QA76.5915 Ubiquitous computing.
Q Science > QC Physics > QC271.8.C3 Calibration
T Technology > TJ Mechanical engineering and machinery > TJ324.5 Fuel systems
T Technology > TK Electrical engineering. Electronics Nuclear engineering > TK351 Electric measurements.
T Technology > TK Electrical engineering. Electronics Nuclear engineering > TK5105 Data Transmission Systems
Divisions: Faculty of Marine Technology (MARTECH) > Marine Engineering > 36202-(S1) Undergraduate Thesis
Depositing User: Adella Winanda Hapsari
Date Deposited: 07 Mar 2021 17:58
Last Modified: 07 Mar 2021 17:58
URI: https://repository.its.ac.id/id/eprint/83689

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