Kajian Dampak Lingkungan Pada Poleng Processing Platform PT. X Dengan Life Cycle Assessment

Putri, Ni Luh Sekar Asmara (2021) Kajian Dampak Lingkungan Pada Poleng Processing Platform PT. X Dengan Life Cycle Assessment. Undergraduate thesis, Institut Teknologi Sepuluh Nopember.

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Abstract

PT. X merupakan salah satu perusahaan yang bergerak di bidang minyak dan gas bumi offshore. Pada PT. X, fungsi utama offshore platform berupa kegiatan pemisahan fluida dilakukan di Poleng Processing Platform (PPP). Adapun kegiatan migas offshore juga membutuhkan banyak energi yang mengarah pada besarnya produksi emisi yang dibuang ke atmosfer. Penelitian ini dilakukan untuk mengidentifikasi dampak lingkungan yang ditimbulkan proses produksi migas pada PPP PT. X, menentukan prioritas penanganan dampak, dan merekomendasikan alternatif perbaikan sesuai prioritas yang ditentukan. Analisis dilakukan dengan metode Life Cycle Assessment (LCA) menggunakan software SimaPro dan unit fungsional per ton produk. Indikator emisi udara yang dianalisis meliputi CO2, CH4, N2O, SOx, NOx, PM, dan nmVOC. Metode penilaian dampak yang digunakan adalah metode ReCiPe 2016 dan CML IA-Baseline dengan pendekatan midpoint, mencakup kategori dampak Global Warming, Ozone Layer Depletion, Acidification, Eutrophication, Potential Photochemical Oxidation, Potential Abiotic Depletion (fossil dan non fossil), Carcinogenic, Toxicity, Water Footprint, dan Land Use Change. Hasil penelitian ini menunjukkan global warming sebagai dampak lingkungan terbesar dengan nilai 54,285 kg CO2 eq per ton produk (metode ReCiPe 2016) dan 52,063 kg CO2 eq per ton produk (metode CML IA-Baseline); serta gas compressor sebagai hotspot proses. Alternatif perbaikan yang direkomendasikan adalah penambahan Carbon Capture, Utilization, and Storage (CCUS) atau CO2-Enhanced Oil Recovery (CO2-EOR) yang diperkirakan dapat mereduksi dampak sebesar 30%. ===================================================================================================== PT. X is an oil and gas sector company that exploits and processes oil and gas offshore. Fluid separation activities as the main function of the offshore platform is done in Poleng Processing Platform (PPP). On the other hand, offshore oil and gas activities are a process that requires a lot of energy which leads to the large production of emissions being discharged into the atmosphere. This research was conducted to identify the environmental impacts that occur in the oil and gas production process at PPP PT. X, to determine priority in handling the impacts, and to recommend alternative for improvements in accordance with determined priority. Analysis was done using Life Cycle Assessment (LCA) method with SimaPro software and functional unit per ton of product. The environmental impact analysis was carried out using ReCiPe 2016 and CML IA-Baseline Method with midpoint approach. Impact categories included are Global Warming, Ozone Layer Depletion, Acidification, Eutrophication, Potential Photochemical Oxidation, Potential Abiotic Depletion (fossil and non fossil), Carcinogenic, Toxicity, Water Footprint, and Land Use Change. Results of this research showed global warming as highest environmental impact with a value of 54,285 kg CO2 eq per ton product (ReCiPe 2016) or 52,063 kg CO2 eq per ton product (CML IA-Baseline) and gas compressor as process hotspot. The selected alternative recommendation was addition of Carbon Capture, Utilization, and Storage (CCUS) or CO2-Enhanced Oil Recovery (CO2-EOR) which estimated to reduce emissions by 30%.

Item Type: Thesis (Undergraduate)
Uncontrolled Keywords: Environmental Impact, LCA, Offshore, Processing Platform, SimaPro, Dampak Lingkungan, LCA, Offshore, Processing Platform, SimaPro
Subjects: T Technology > TD Environmental technology. Sanitary engineering > TD194.6 Environmental impact analysis
Divisions: Faculty of Civil, Planning, and Geo Engineering (CIVPLAN) > Environmental Engineering > 25201-(S1) Undergraduate Thesis
Depositing User: Ni Luh Sekar Asmara Putri
Date Deposited: 09 Aug 2021 01:31
Last Modified: 09 Aug 2021 01:31
URI: https://repository.its.ac.id/id/eprint/85157

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