Arahan Pengembangan Kawasan Agroindustri Berbasis Komoditas Kelapa Sawit Di Kabupaten Bengkulu Selatan

Sari, Wenda Purnama (2021) Arahan Pengembangan Kawasan Agroindustri Berbasis Komoditas Kelapa Sawit Di Kabupaten Bengkulu Selatan. Undergraduate thesis, Institut Teknologi Sepuluh Nopember.

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Abstract

Sektor pertanian di Kabupaten Bengkulu Selatan mempunyai pengaruh yang besar terhadap pendapatan daerah. Salah satu yang paling berperan adalah komoditas kelapa sawit. Dalam RTRW Kabupaten Bengkulu Selatan 2011-2031 dan RPDPD Kabupaten Bengkulu Selatan 2005-2025 disebutkan bahwa untuk mendukung potensi di sektor pertanian maka akan dilakukan pengembangan agroindustri (industri pengolahan bahan baku pertanian). Oleh karena itu untuk menciptakan nilai tambah dalam komoditas kelapa sa wit maka diperlukan adanya pengembangan kawasan agroindustri. Tujuan dari penelitian ini yaitu menentukan arahan pengembangan kawasan agroindustri berbasis komoditas Kelapa Sawit di Kabupaten Bengkulu Selatan. Sasaran pada penelitian ini meliputi tiga hal yaitu menentukan faktor-faktor penentuan kawasan industri pengolahan komoditas kelapa sawit dengan metode delphi, menentukan kawasan industri pengolahan komoditas kelapa sawit dengan metode overlay, dan merumuskan arahan pengembangan kawasan agroindustri berbasis komoditas kelapa sawit di Kabupaten Bengkulu Selatan dengan metode CA. Hasil penelitian menunjukan bahwa terdapat 11 faktor yang menjadi penentu kawasan industri pengolahan komoditas kelapa sawit di Kabupaten Bengkulu Selatan yaitu luas lahan yang tersedia untuk kawasan industri, harga tanah/harga sewa, topografi, hasil produksi kelapa sawit per kecamatan, jumlah pekerja yang bekerja di industri pengolahan berbahan baku kelapa sawit per kecamatan, lokasi industri pengolahan lainnya yang menggunakan bahan baku kelapa sawit, ketersediaan jaringan listrik, ketersediaan jaringan air bersih, ketersediaan jaringan jalan, dan ketersediaan jaringan telekomunikasi. Dalam penentuan kawasan industri pengolahan komoditas kelapa sawit berdasarkan kuesioner AHP dengan bantuan aplikasi expert choice 11, didapatkan variabel yang memiliki bobot paling tinggi (paling berpengaruh) dalam penentuan lokasi industri adalah variabel hasil produksi kelapa sawit per kecamatan dengan bobot 17,8% dan bobot terendah adalah variabel topografi yaitu sebesar 4,4%. Kemudian setelah di combined hasil pembobotan kelima stakeholder didapatkan kecamatan yang memiliki bobot paling tinggi (kecamatan yang paling dipiroritaskan) untuk dikembangkan menjadi lokasi industri pengolahan kelapa sawit adalah kecamatan Pino Raya dengan bobot 30,8% dan bobot terendah adalah kecamatan Ulu Manna dengan bobot 2,8%. Untuk mendukung pengembangan Kecamatan Pino Raya sebagai lokasi industri, faktor-faktor yang masih lemah seperti jalan rusak dan berlubang perlu dilakukan perbaikan melalui kerja sama antara pihak investor dan pemerintah dalam rangka memperlancar akses keluar masuk kendaraan industri nantinya. Meskipun Kecamatan Pino Raya tidak memiliki sungai yang besar, keberadaan sungai Pino di Kecamatan Pino yang ada disebelahnya dapat menjadi pendukung dalam penyediaan air bersih di Kecamatan Pino Raya. ========================================================= ======================================= The agricultural sector in Bengkulu Selatan Regency has a great influence on regional income. One of the most important is palm oil. In the South Bengkulu Regency RTRW 2011-2031 and South Bengkulu Regency RPDPD 2005-2025 it is stated that to support the potential in the agricultural sector, agro-industry development (agricultural raw material processing industry) will be carried out. Therefore, to create added value in the palm oil commodity, it is necessary to develop an agro-industrial area. The purpose of this study is to determine the direction of developing an agro-industrial area based on oil palm commodities in the South Bengkulu Regency. The targets in this study include three things, namely determining the factors for determining the industrial area for processing oil palm commodities using the Delphi method, determining the industrial area for processing oil palm commodities using the overlay method, and formulating directions for developing an agroindustrial area based on oil palm commodities in Bengkulu Selatan Regency using the method. CA. The results showed that 11 factors determine the industrial area of oil palm commodity processing in South Bengkulu Regency, namely the area of land available for industrial areas, land prices / rental prices, topography, palm oil production per sub-district, the number of workers working in the xi industry. processing of palm oil raw materials per sub-district, locations of other processing industries that use palm oil raw materials, availability of electricity networks, availability of clean water networks, availability of road networks, and availability of telecommunication networks. In determining the industrial area for processing oil palm commodities based on the AHP questionnaire with the help of the expert choice 11 application, the variables that have the highest weight (the most influential) in determining the location of the industry are the variables of oil palm production per sub-district with a weight of 17.8% and the lowest weight is a topographic variable that is equal to 4.4%. Then after the combined results of the weighting of the five stakeholders, the sub-district that has the highest weight (the most prioritized sub-district) to be developed into a palm oil processing industry location is Pino Raya sub-district with a weight of 30.8% and the lowest weight is Ulu Manna subdistrict with a weight of 2, 8%. To support the development of Pino Raya District as an industrial location, weak factors such as damaged roads and potholes need to be repaired through cooperation between investors and the government to facilitate access in and out of industrial vehicles later. Although Pino Raya District does not have a large river, the existence of the Pino river in Pino District which is next to it can be a supporter in providing clean water in Pino Raya District.

Item Type: Thesis (Undergraduate)
Uncontrolled Keywords: Komoditas kelapa sawit, pengembangan agroindustri kelapa sawit Oil palm commodity, Oil palm agro-industry development
Subjects: H Social Sciences > HB Economic Theory
H Social Sciences > HD Industries. Land use. Labor
H Social Sciences > HD Industries. Land use. Labor > HD28 Management. Industrial Management
H Social Sciences > HD Industries. Land use. Labor > HD39.5 Industrial procurement.
H Social Sciences > HD Industries. Land use. Labor > HD9000 Agricultural industries
Divisions: Faculty of Architecture, Design, and Planning > Regional and Urban Planning > 35201-(S1) Undergraduate Thesis
Depositing User: Wenda Purnama Sari
Date Deposited: 15 Aug 2021 06:06
Last Modified: 15 Aug 2021 06:06
URI: https://repository.its.ac.id/id/eprint/86749

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