Place Experience Of Children In Rail-Side Kampung To Support Child-Friendly Settlement

ERAWATI, DELA (2021) Place Experience Of Children In Rail-Side Kampung To Support Child-Friendly Settlement. Masters thesis, Institut Teknologi Sepuluh Nopember.

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Abstract

Perkembangan anak terikat dengan lingkungannya. Ikatan antara anak dan lingkungan tumbuhnya seringkali bertransformasi ke dalam kemampuan sense of place yang akan mempengaruhi hubungan antara perspektif dan identitasnya di kemudian hari. Namun, sebagian besar penelitian anak-anak difokuskan pada lingkungan formal yang dirancang dengan sense of place tersendiri dan bersifat ramah anak. Karenanya, penelitian ini menyelidiki bagaimana anak dari kampung pinggir rel berkegiatan dan bagaimana mereka mengembangkan sense of place di lingkungan mereka dengan pengamatan lapangan, memory sketch, dan wawancara. Studi ini tidak menguji kerangka global inisiatif ramah anak tetapi lebih bertujuan untuk memahami sense of place anak-anak dalam konteks marginal yang dibahas dalam konteks perumahan dan permukiman da berfokus pada skala lingkungan. Kampung pinggir rel secara khusus dipilih sebagai wilayah studi kasus karena kondisi sensoriknya yang unik dibanding permukiman kampung pada umumnya. Hasil sketsa dan wawancara dari 16 peserta terpilih menunjukkan hubungan antara usia anak-anak, pemahaman akan prompt sketsa, dan kemampuan sense of place yang terlihat dari kedalaman cerita dan sketsa mereka. Cerita tersebut menunjukkan bahwa bermain tidak ditentukan oleh keberadaan objek bermain tertentu saja dan aktivitas bermain memiliki makna yang fleksibel. Observasi lapangan terhadap anak-anak yang bermain di lapangan di antara rel kereta api menegaskan bahwa anak-anak di kampung pinggir rel memiliki kesadaran lingkungan. Keberadaan orang dewasa atau properti milik orang dewasa menimbulkan preferensi anak-anak terhadap suatu tempat. Kereta tidak lagi sepenuhnya menjadi faktor risiko dan melebur sebagai elemen dalam aktivitas bermain anak yang membentuk navigasi tertentu, baik secara individu maupun kelompok, dan membentuk place experience yang lebih kaya. Oleh karena itu, permukiman ramah anak sebaiknya menawarkan kelimpahan place experience dan sense of place anak-anak, yang diwujudkan melalui place affordance dan faktor risiko tempat yang terkendali. ====================================================================================================== Child development is fundamentally tied to their surroundings. This tie formed into their sense of place capability which often led to a lifelong connection between their identity and perspective. However, most children research are focused in formal environment where child-friendly initiatives or designs took place, more often with an intended sense of place. Therefore, this study investigates how children from rail-side kampung engage activities and how they develop a sense of place within their neighborhood through field observation, memory sketch, and follow-up interviews. This study does not test the global child-friendly initiative frameworks but rather aims to comprehend children sense of place in marginalized context and discusses it in housing and settlement context on a neighborhood scale. Rail-side kampung is particularly chosen as the study case area for its different sensory condition compared to other kampung settlement in general. Sketches and interviews sourced from 16 selected participants led to connections between children’s age, their comprehension of the given prompt, and sense of place ability by the depth of the story in their sketches. Their stories indicate that play is not defined by the existence of specific play objects alone and play activity has more flexible meaning. Field observation of children playing in between railway tracks confirms that children in rail-side kampung have the awareness towards the environment. The presence of adults or their properties invoke children’s preference of the place. The train is no longer a complete risk factor and infused as an element within their play activity that shaped a particular way to navigate, either individually or as a group, and contributes to a richer experience. Therefore, it is suggested that a child-friendly settlement offers abundant place experience and children's sense of place, which manifested in environmental affordance and a controlled risk factor of place.

Item Type: Thesis (Masters)
Uncontrolled Keywords: Marginalized Children, Place Experience, Sense of Place, Rail-side Kampung, Anak terpinggirkan, Kampung Pinggir Rel.
Subjects: G Geography. Anthropology. Recreation > GE Environmental Sciences
N Fine Arts > NA Architecture > NA7115 Domestic architecture. Houses. Dwellings
Divisions: Faculty of Civil, Planning, and Geo Engineering (CIVPLAN) > Architecture > 23101-(S2) Master Thesis
Depositing User: Dela Erawati
Date Deposited: 19 Aug 2021 03:53
Last Modified: 19 Aug 2021 03:53
URI: https://repository.its.ac.id/id/eprint/87159

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