Pengembangan Model Sistem Dinamik Untuk Mitigasi Jumlah Kecelakaan Di Jalan Raya (Studi Kasus: Kota Surabaya)

Hamsjah, Ramadhan Alana (2021) Pengembangan Model Sistem Dinamik Untuk Mitigasi Jumlah Kecelakaan Di Jalan Raya (Studi Kasus: Kota Surabaya). Undergraduate thesis, Institut Teknologi Sepuluh Nopember.

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Abstract

Latar Belakang: Salah satu permasalahan kota besar yang mengiringi jumlah kendaraan bermotor adalah tingginya jumlah kecelakaan lalu lintas. Surabaya memiliki jumlah kecelakaan lalu lintas yang lebih tinggi dibandingkan dengan rata-rata kabupaten/kota di Jawa Timur. Berdasarkan data WHO pada tahun 2018, kecelakaan lalu lintas merupakan penyebab kematian terbesar pada rentang usia 5-29 tahun. Faktor terbesar yang mempengaruhi jumlah kecelakaan lalu lintas adalah faktor pengendara. Beberapa faktor pengendara yang mempengaruhi adalah tidak menaati peraturan, mengemudi dengan ceroboh, dan mengemudi melebihi batas kecepatan. Surabaya telah menerapkan Electronic Traffic Law Enforcemetnt (ETLE) untuk mengurangi pelanggaran lalu lintas, namun baru diterapkan di 15 ruas jalan. Beberapa negara di Eropa telah mengkombinasikan penerapan ETLE dengan Penalty Point System (PPS) untuk memberi efek jera pada pelanggar lalu lintas dengan cara mengurangi poin SIM. Permasalahan: Angka kecelakaan yang tinggi sebagian besar disebabkan oleh perilaku tidak taat aturan dari pengendara, seperti melanggar lampu lalu lintas, mengemudi melebihi batas kecepatan, melawan arus, dan melanggar rambu lalu lintas. Tujuan: Menghasilkan model sistem dinamik berdasarkan keadaan nyata mitigasi kecelakaan lalu lintas di kota Surabaya.untuk mengetahui dampak penambahan ETLE dan penerapan PPS di Surabaya terhadap jumlah kecelakaan di Surabaya. Metode: Penelitian ini menggunakan model sistem dinamik yang digambarkan dengan Vensim PLE. Sistem dinamik dipilih karena dapat memperkirakan dampak perubahan tanpa perlu mengubah sistem secara langsung. Hasil: Penelitian ini menghasilkan Causal-Loop Diagram, Stock Flow Diagram, dan skenario penerapan PPS, penambahan ETLE dan penerapan VSS. Skenario dilakukan dengan simulasi berdasarkan sistem sebenarnya, sehingga dapat diketahui dampak penerapan PPS penambahan ETLE, dan penerapan VSS. Hasil dari penerapan ETLE adalah penurunan Accident Rate sebesar 13.67%. Hasil dari penerapan PPS adalah penurunan Accident Rate sebesar 23.26%. Hasil dari penerapan VSS adalah penurunan Cost of Traffic Accident Victim untuk skenario Pesimist, Most Likely, dan Optimist pada bulan pertama sebesar 30.21%, 29.92%, dan 29.92%, sedangkan pada bulan terakhir sebesar, 30.57%, 30.18%, dan 30.18%. Nilai Tambah: Hasil dari penelitian tugas akhir ini dapat menjadi pilihan solusi bagi Pemerintah Kota Surabaya dalam melakukan mitigasi kecelakaan dengan menerapkan PPS, penambahan ETLE, dan penerapan VSS. ======================================================================================================= Background: One of the problems in big cities that accompanies the number of motorized vehicles is the high number of traffic accidents. Surabaya has a higher number of traffic accidents than the district/city average in East Java. Based on WHO data in 2018, traffic accidents are the biggest cause of death in the 5-29 year age range. The biggest factor that affects the number of traffic accidents is the driver factor. Some of the driving factors that affect drivers are disobeying the rules, driving recklessly, and driving over the speed limit. Surabaya has implemented Electronic Traffic Law Enforcemetnt (ETLE) to reduce traffic violations, but it has only been implemented on 15 roads. Several countries in Europe have combined the application of ETLE with the Penalty Point System (PPS) to provide a deterrent effect on traffic violators by reducing their driving license points. Problem: The high accident rate is mostly caused by disobedient behavior from driver, such as violating traffic lights, driving over the speed limit, going against the flow, and violating traffic signs. Objective: Produce a dynamic system model based on the real situation of mitigating traffic accidents in the city of Surabaya. To find out the impact of adding ETLE, the application of PPS, and the implementation of the Vehicle Safety System (VSS) on the number of accidents in Surabaya. Method: This study uses a dynamic system model using Vensim PLE software. The dynamic system was chosen because it can predict the impact of changes without the need to change the actual system. Results: This research produces Causal-Loop Diagrams, Stock Flow Diagrams, and scenarios for implementation of PPS, addition of ETLE and implementation of VSS. The scenario is carried out by simulation based on the actual system, so that the impact for implementation of PPS , addition of ETLE, and implementation of VSS can be seen. The result of the implementation of ETLE is a decrease in the Accident Rate by 13.67%. The result of the implementation of PPS is a decrease in the Accident Rate by 23.26%. The result of the implementation of VSS is a decrease in the Cost of Traffic Accident Victim for the Pesimist, Most Likely, and Optimist scenarios in the first month by 30.21%, 29.92%, and 29.92%, while in the last month by 30.57%, 30.18%, and 30.18%. Value Added: The results of this final project can be a solution option for the Surabaya City Government in mitigating accidents by implementing PPS, adding ETLE, and implementing VSS.

Item Type: Thesis (Undergraduate)
Uncontrolled Keywords: Kecelakaan Lalu Lintas, Keselamatan Lalu Lintas, Model, Simulasi, Sistem Dinamik, ETLE, Point Penalty System, Traffic Accident, Traffic Safety, Model, Dynamic System, ETLE, Point Penalty System
Subjects: H Social Sciences > HE Transportation and Communications > HE311.I4 Urban transportation
Q Science > QA Mathematics > QA76.9 Computer algorithms. Virtual Reality. Computer simulation.
T Technology > T Technology (General) > T57.62 Simulation
Divisions: Faculty of Information and Communication Technology > Information Systems > 57201-(S1) Undergraduate Thesis
Depositing User: RAMADHAN ALANA HAMSJAH
Date Deposited: 22 Aug 2021 02:38
Last Modified: 22 Aug 2021 02:38
URI: https://repository.its.ac.id/id/eprint/88356

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