Konsep Playful Dwelling Untuk Perancangan Hunian Vertikal Ramah Anak

Febriandia, Anggita Arief (2021) Konsep Playful Dwelling Untuk Perancangan Hunian Vertikal Ramah Anak. Undergraduate thesis, Institut Teknologi Sepuluh Nopember.

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08111740000056-Undergraduate_Thesis.pdf
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Abstract

Rumah susun atau vertical housing yang merupakan salah satu upaya permasalahan padatnya pemukiman penduduk serta keterjangkauan akses rumah tinggal bagi masyarakat berpenghasilan rendah (MBR), ternyata masih kerap memunculkan dampak negatif, termasuk anak-anak. Beberapa bahaya yang dapat dialami anak-anak adalah gangguan perkembangan kognitif & perilaku, gangguan defisit alam, hingga kerentanan fisik dan mental. Padahal, usia anak memiliki peran besar dalam perkembangan mental, fisik, dan sosial. Permasalahan yang ingin diselesaikan adalah perancangan hunian vertikal yang mempertimbangkan persepsi dan cara anak-anak berinteraksi dengan lingkungan. Untuk mendukung pengimplementasian konsep understanding children dalam desain sebuah rumah susun, maka digunakan pendekatan fenomenologi dalam lingkup children experience. Exploratory thinking yang dilakukan menghasilkan domain knowledge mengenai children experience yang didominasi oleh aktivitas bermain. Sementara itu, aktivitas bermain sendiri memiliki beberapa jenis klasifikasi sesuai tahap perkembangan anak-anak. Domain knowledge ini pun ditranslasikan ke dalam bahasa arsitektur menggunakan metode domain transfer guna menggali isu perancangan yang akan digarap. Sedangkan, metode narrative design digunakan untuk membangun suasana dan kualitas ruang yang ingin dihasilkan, didukung dengan pendekatan fenomenologi yang dipilih untuk memahami aspek pengalaman dan persepsi anak. Solusi dihadirkan melalui elemen arsitektur penataan massa bangunan yang menghasilkan koridor jalan dengan banyak ruang-ruang kejutan. Pada lantai 2 dan 3, ruang bersama dihadirkan melalui shared spaces yang dibagi menjadi 3 jenis ruang dengan karakter yang berbeda untuk anak-anak, remaja, dan juga dewasa. Rancangan yang dihasilkan mampu memberikan lingkungan dengan banyak ruang yang bisa dieksplorasi anak-anak, dengan membawa karakter yang familiar dengan bentukan morfologi perumahan MBR. ===================================================================================================== Vertical housing, which is one of the efforts to overcome the problem of dense population settlements and the affordability of housing access for low-income people, in fact still often causes negative impacts, including for children. Some of the dangers that can be experienced by children are cognitive & behavioral development disorders, natural deficit disorders, to physical and mental vulnerabilities. On the other hand, childhood stages has a big role in mental, physical, and social development. The problem to be solved is the design of vertical housing that considers the perception and way children interact with the environment. To support the concept of understanding children in the design of an apartment, a phenomenological approach is used within the scope of the children's experience. The exploratory thinking carried out produces domain knowledge about the children's experience which is dominated by play activities. Meanwhile, the play activity itself has several types of classification according to the stage of children's development. This domain knowledge is also translated into architectural language using the domain transfer method to explore design issues to be worked on. Meanwhile, the narrative design method is used to build the atmosphere and quality of the space to be produced, supported by a phenomenological approach that is chosen to understand aspects of children's experiences and perceptions. The solution is presented through architectural elements of building mass arrangement which results in corridor design arrangement with many surprising spaces. On the 2nd and 3rd floors, shared spaces are divided into 3 types of spaces with different characters for children, teenagers, and adults. Final design is able to provide an environment with lots of space for children to explore and bringing familiar characters with the morphology of low-income housing.

Item Type: Thesis (Undergraduate)
Uncontrolled Keywords: hunian vertikal, anak-anak, ramah anak, fenomenologi, children experience, arsitekur naratif, vertical housing, children, child-friendly, phenomenoloy, children experience, narrative architecture
Subjects: N Fine Arts > NA Architecture > NA7115 Domestic architecture. Houses. Dwellings
Divisions: Faculty of Architecture, Design, and Planning > Architecture > 23201-(S1) Undergraduate Thesis
Depositing User: Anggita Arief Febriandia
Date Deposited: 23 Aug 2021 13:15
Last Modified: 23 Aug 2021 13:15
URI: https://repository.its.ac.id/id/eprint/88950

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