Sistem Kendali Kecepatan Motor Konveyor dengan Metode PID pada Mesin Distribusi dan Penghitung Kemasan Gula Pada Subsistem Pengemasan

Putra, Aldyo Mahendra (2021) Sistem Kendali Kecepatan Motor Konveyor dengan Metode PID pada Mesin Distribusi dan Penghitung Kemasan Gula Pada Subsistem Pengemasan. Undergraduate thesis, Institut Teknologi Sepuluh Nopember.

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Abstract

Pada proses pendistribusian kemasan gula di pabrik gula Djatiroto masih dilakukan langsung oleh pekerja, sehingga pada stasiun pengemasan gula sering terjadi penumpukan karena lamanya proses distribusi kemasan menuju gudang penyimpanan. Pada proyek akhir ini dibuatlah mesin distribusi dan penghitung kemasan gula berupa konveyor yang memiliki kecepatan konstan dengan pengendalian Proportional Integral Derivative, guna membantu mengendalian laju distribusi kemasan gula menuju gudang penyimpanan. Pengujian kecepatan motor dilakukan menggunakan 5 set poin (120, 150, 160, 180, dan 200 rpm) dengan metode PID pendekatan Nichols Ziegler 1 menghasilkan nilai Kp = 50,53, Ki = 148,61, dan Kd = 4, pada percobaan tersebut diharapkan motor mampu menghasilkan kecepatan sesuai set poin. Dengan respon sistem penggunaan PID menghasilkan RiseTime = 0,002s, PeakTime = 0,548s, SuttlingTime = 1,25s, dan Steadystate = 1,79s. Sedangkan pada PI nilai waktu RiseTime = 0,002s, PeakTime = 0,499s, SuttlingTime = 1,55s, dan Steadystate = 1,91s. Berdasarkan selisih waktu penggunaan P, I, dan D memiliki waktu lebih cepat dibandingkan penggunaan P dan I. ===================================================================================================== The process of distributing sugar packaging in Djatiroto sugar factory, it’s still carried out by workers, so in the sugar filling station there is often an overload due to the long process of distributing the packaging to the storage warehouse. The final project, of a sugar packaging distribution and counter machine was made in the form of a conveyor that has a constant speed with Proportional Integral Derivative control, in order to help control the rate of distribution of sugar packaging to the storage warehouse. Motor speed testing was carried out using 5 set points (120, 150, 160, 180, and 200 rpm) with the PID method of Nichols Ziegler 1 approach resulting in the value of Kp = 50.53, Ki = 148.61, and Kd = 4, in these experiments the motor is expected to be able to produce speed according to set points. With the system response, the use of PID produces RiseTime = 0.002s, PeakTime = 0.548s, SuttlingTime = 1.25s, and Steadystate = 1.79s. While the PI time value is RiseTime = 0.002s, PeakTime = 0.499s, SuttlingTime = 1.55s, and Steadystate = 1.91s. Based on the difference in time, the use of P, I, and D has a faster time than the use of P and I.

Item Type: Thesis (Undergraduate)
Uncontrolled Keywords: Sistem kendali kecepatan motor, konveyor 1, Metode PID Nichols Ziegler 1, Arduino Uno, Motor speed control system, conveyor 1, Nichols Ziegler PID Method 1
Subjects: T Technology > TJ Mechanical engineering and machinery > TJ1398 Conveyors
T Technology > TJ Mechanical engineering and machinery > TJ223 PID controllers
T Technology > TK Electrical engineering. Electronics Nuclear engineering > TK2785 Electric motors, Induction.
T Technology > TS Manufactures > TS155 Production control. Production planning. Production management
Divisions: Faculty of Vocational > 36304-Automation Electronic Engineering
Depositing User: Aldyo Mahendra Putra
Date Deposited: 26 Aug 2021 04:03
Last Modified: 26 Aug 2021 04:03
URI: https://repository.its.ac.id/id/eprint/89524

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