Pemodelan Kapasitas Alur Pelayaran: Studi Kasus Teluk Balikpapan

Yuliana, Naning (2021) Pemodelan Kapasitas Alur Pelayaran: Studi Kasus Teluk Balikpapan. Undergraduate thesis, Institut Teknologi Sepuluh Nopember.

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Abstract

Volume lalu lintas di Teluk Balikpapan akan meningkat secara signifikan sesuai dengan perencanaan pembangunan Ibu Kota Negara baru di Kalimantan Timur yang mempengaruhi permintaan pembangunan secara besar-besaran dari seluruh Indonesia ke daerah baru di Kalimantan Timur. Hal ini terjadi karena bahan dan alat berat di Kalimantan tidak tersedia, sehingga pembangunan ini perlu mengirimkan semua bahan dan alat berat yang dibutuhkan dari seluruh Indonesia ke Kalimantan melalui transportasi laut. Tugas Akhir ini bertujuan untuk menentukan kapasitas alur Teluk Balikpapan sehingga dapat mengetahui jumlah maksimal kapal yang dapat dilayani oleh alur. Metode simulasi dikrit dengan bantuan perangkat lunak Anylogic digunakan untuk menentukan kapasitas alur dengan memperhatikan spesifikasi kapal, karakteristik alur, serta jarak aman minimum antar kapal untuk menjamin keamanan dan keselamatan aktivitas pelayaran. Jumlah kedatangan kapal diperkirakan dengan metode moving average dan metode forecasting. Hasil penelitian didapatkan kapasitas alur yang direkomendasikan adalah 74 unit/hari atau sama dengan 27.010 unit/tahun dengan tingkat utilitas alur sebesar 80%. Besaran kapasitas tersebut dapat menjamin keamanan dan keselamatan aktivitas pelayaran serta mengurangi antrean yang menyebabkan kemacetan dan biaya yang timbul akibat lamanya waktu tunggu pelayanan alur dan kegiatan operasional pelabuhan dapat berjalan dengan baik. Berdasarkan kondisi tersebut alur Teluk Balikpapan dapat mengakomondasi kedatangan kapal angkutan material pembangunan Ibukota Negara baru sampai tahun 2032 total kedatangan 24.282 unit dan tingkat utilitas alur sebesar 72%. =================================================================================================== Vessel traffic flow in Balikpapan Bay will increase to follow the nation’s new capital city planning development in East Kalimantan affects the demand for development on a large scale from all around Indonesia to the new area in East Kalimantan. This will happens because materials and heavy-duty equipment in Kalimantan are not available, so this development needs to deliver all the material and heavy-duty equipment needed from all around Indonesia to Kalimantan via marine transport. This final project aims to determine the maximum number of vessels passing a particular channel per unit time. The discrete simulation method will use Anylogic software to determine the channel capacity with the channel length, vessel safety distance, vessel velocity, and velocity difference in different vessels. The number of vessel arrival to Balikpapan Bay is estimated using the Forecasting Method and Moving Average Method. The results showed that the recommended channel capacity is 74 units/day or equal to 27.010 units/year with a utility rate of 80%. That maximum number of vessels entering the channel can guarantee the safety level of shipping activities and reduce queues that cause congestion and costs arising from long waiting times for channel services and the stability of port workload. Based on these conditions, Balikpapan Bay could accommodate vessel arrival during materials and heavy-duty equipment for the nation’s new capital city planning development until 2032. The total number of vessel arrival is 24.282 units and a utility rate of 72%.

Item Type: Thesis (Undergraduate)
Uncontrolled Keywords: capacity, discrete event simulation, shipping channel, kapasitas alur, pemodelan alur pelayaran, simulasi Kejadian Diskrit
Subjects: H Social Sciences > HE Transportation and Communications > HE355 Traffic engineering
H Social Sciences > HE Transportation and Communications > HE564.A1 Shipping
H Social Sciences > HE Transportation and Communications > HE566.S3 Sailing ships
Divisions: Faculty of Marine Technology (MARTECH) > Sea Transportation Engineering > 21207-(S1) Undergraduate Thesis
Depositing User: Naning Yuliana
Date Deposited: 26 Aug 2021 07:12
Last Modified: 26 Aug 2021 07:12
URI: https://repository.its.ac.id/id/eprint/89598

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