Analisa Metode Six Sigma dengan Menggunakan Failure Mode and Effect Analysis (FMEA), Kaizen, dan TRIZ dalam Pengendalian Kualitas Kemasan Produk di UMKM XYZ

Wardani, Lisa Setyaning (2021) Analisa Metode Six Sigma dengan Menggunakan Failure Mode and Effect Analysis (FMEA), Kaizen, dan TRIZ dalam Pengendalian Kualitas Kemasan Produk di UMKM XYZ. Undergraduate thesis, Institut Teknologi Sepuluh Nopember.

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Abstract

Pengobatan jamu tradisional yang berfungsi menjaga imunitas tubuh sehingga dapat memutus rantai penyebaran Covid-19 memberi peluang para UMKM membuka usaha jamu instan. Persaingan yang ketat mengharuskan produsen untuk memerhatikan kualitas produk. Salah satu faktor yang memengaruhi kualitas produk terletak pada kemasannya, sehingga diperlukan pengendalian kualitas pada kemasan produk. Salah satu metode yang dapat digunakan adalah Six Sigma dengan menggabungkan beberapa perangkat statistik lainnya berupa peta kendali P Multivariate pada tahap Measure, Failure Mode and Effect Analysis (FMEA) pada tahap Analyze serta konsep Kaizen dan TRIZ pada tahap Improve. Dari hasil analisa dan pembahasan, menunjukkan bahwa data cacat kemasan produk tahap 1 belum terkendali statistik dikarenakan terdapat beberapa titik yang Out of Control. Setelah dilakukan perbaikan, batas kendali yang diperoleh dapat digunakan sebagai batas kendali standar produksi untuk pengontrolan tahap berikutnya. Data tahap 1 memiliki nlai sigma sebesar 3.79551 sigma dan tahap 2 sebesar 3.91230 sigma. Penyebab terjadinya produk cacat dengan ranking tertinggi adalah mesin seal belum panas, operator kurang pengalaman, lingkungan kurang bersih, dan tinta kering. Solusi perbaikan yang diperoleh dari TRIZ adalah preliminary action, parameter change, cheap disposable, dan periodic action. ================================================================================================ Traditional herbal remedies that function to maintain body immunity so that they can break the chain of spread of Covid-19 provide opportunities for UMKM to open instant herbal medicine businesses. Intense competition requires manufacturers to pay attention to product quality. One of the factors that affect product quality lies in the packaging, so quality control is needed on product packaging. One method that can be used is Six Sigma by combining several other statistical tools in the form of a P Multivariate control chart at the Measure stage, Failure Mode and Effect Analysis (FMEA) at the Analyze stage and the concepts of Kaizen and TRIZ at the Improve stage. From the results of the analysis and discussion, it shows that the data on product packaging defects in stage 1 has not been statistically controlled because there are several points that are out of control. After improvement, the obtained control limits can be used as standard production control limits for the control of the next stage. Stage 1 data has a sigma value of 3.79551 sigma and a sigma value of stage 2 of 3.91230 sigma. The causes of defective products with the highest ranking are engine seals that have not been hot, inexperienced operators, less clean environment, and dry ink. The improvement solutions obtained from TRIZ are preliminary action, parameter change, cheap disposable, and periodic action.

Item Type: Thesis (Undergraduate)
Uncontrolled Keywords: Six Sigma, P Multivariate, FMEA, Kaizen, TRIZ
Subjects: Q Science > QA Mathematics > QA278 Cluster Analysis. Multivariate analysis. Correspondence analysis (Statistics)
Divisions: Faculty of Science and Data Analytics (SCIENTICS) > Mathematics > 44201-(S1) Undergraduate Thesis
Depositing User: Lisa Setyaning Wardani
Date Deposited: 26 Aug 2021 05:13
Last Modified: 26 Aug 2021 05:13
URI: https://repository.its.ac.id/id/eprint/89687

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