Rancang Bangun Pengatur Gerak Motor Stepper Ke Arah Sumbu X, Y, Dan Z Pada Prototype 3D Printing Tipe Gantri Dengan Material Mortar

Ekatiara, Cindy Reviko (2021) Rancang Bangun Pengatur Gerak Motor Stepper Ke Arah Sumbu X, Y, Dan Z Pada Prototype 3D Printing Tipe Gantri Dengan Material Mortar. Undergraduate thesis, Institut Teknologi Sepuluh Nopember.

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Abstract

Seiring berkembangnya ilmu pengetahuan dan teknologi di dunia terutama di bidang industri manukfaktur aditif (AM) membuat mesin pencetak 3D semakin populer. Penelitian ini merancang mesin pencetak 3D tipe gantri dengan menggunakan material mortar dalam bentuk prototype. Mortar merupakan bahan baku sebenarnya dari pembuatan bangunan. Fokus penelitian ini adalah mengatur gerak motor ke arah sumbu X, Y, dan Z agar dapat membuat sebuah bidang sesuai dengan pola yang telah ditentukan serta mengatur kecepatan putar motor agar gerak motor dapat sesuai dengan kering mortar. Motor penggerak yang digunakan adalah motor stepper Nema 17. Pengendali Proporsional Integral digunakan untuk mengendalikan posisi gerak motor dengan mengkalkukasi nilai error posisi yang dihasilkan. Pengujian dilakukan dengan membandingkan gerak motor tanpa diberi pengendalian Proporsional Integral dan dengan diberi pengendalian Proporsional Integral. Hasil pengujian gerak motor didapatkan pengendali Proporsional Integral mampu memperbaiki rata-rata error posisi gerak motor ke arah X dan Y dari 2,988% menjadi 2,1% dan telah mampu memperbaik rata – rata error posisi yang dihasilkan gerak motor Y dari 18,353% menjadi 2,299%. Performansi pengendalian Proporsional Integral yang dirancang ditunjukkan dalam Integral Absolute Error (IAE). Berdasarkan hasil pengujian pengendalian Proporsional Integral mampu menurunkan error posisi gerak motor X hingga 0% dan error posisi gerak motor Y sebesar 0,225%. Ketepatan pergerakan motor ke arah sumbu X dan sumbu Y ini tidak dipengaruhi oleh kecepatan putarnya. kecepatan putar motor dipengaruhi oleh besarnya kekentalan atau kandungan air yang ada dalam adonan mortar. Hasil pengujian didapatkan bahwa, kecepatan putar motor secara otomatis akan berubah berdasarkan nilai tegangan (voltase) mortar yang dikeluarkan oleh sensor soil moisture ==================================================================================================== Along with the development of science and technology in the world, especially in the additive manufacturing (AM) industry, 3D printing machines are increasingly popular. This study designed a gantry type 3D printing machine using mortar material in the form of a prototype. Mortar is the actual raw material for building construction. The focus of this research is to adjust the motor motion in the direction of the X, Y, and Z axes in order to make a plane according to a predetermined pattern and adjust the rotational speed of the motor so that the motor motion can match the dry mortar. The driving motor used is a Nema 17 stepper motor. Integral Proportional Controller is used to control the motor position by calculating the resulting position error value. The test is done by comparing the motor motion without being given Proportional Integral control and with Proportional Integral control given. The results of the motor motion test show that the Proportional Integral controller is able to improve the average error position of the motor motion in the X and Y directions from 2.988% to 2.1% and has been able to improve the average position error generated by the Y motor motion from 18.353% to 2.299% . Proportional Integral control performance designed is shown in the Integral Absolute Error (IAE). Based on the test results, Proportional Integral control is able to reduce the error of motor X motion position to 0% and motor Y motion position error of 0.225%. The accuracy of the movement of the motor in the direction of the X and Y axes is not affected by the rotational speed. The rotational speed of the motor is influenced by the amount of viscosity or water content in the mortar mixture. The test results showed that the motor rotational speed will automatically change based on the value of the mortar (voltage) released by the soil moisture sensor.

Item Type: Thesis (Undergraduate)
Uncontrolled Keywords: 3D Printing Tipe Gantri, Kontrol Kecepatan Motor, Kontrol Gerak Motor, Pengendali Proporsional Integral, Motor Stepper Nema 17 ========================================================== 3D Printing Type Gantry, Motor Speed Control, Motor Motion Control, PID Controller, Nema Stepper Motor 17
Subjects: T Technology > TJ Mechanical engineering and machinery > TJ223 PID controllers
T Technology > TK Electrical engineering. Electronics Nuclear engineering > TK3070 Automatic control
T Technology > TK Electrical engineering. Electronics Nuclear engineering > TK4055 Electric motor
T Technology > TK Electrical engineering. Electronics Nuclear engineering > TK7878 Electronic instruments
T Technology > TS Manufactures > TS176 Manufacturing engineering. Process engineering (Including manufacturing planning, production planning)
Divisions: Faculty of Industrial Technology and Systems Engineering (INDSYS) > Physics Engineering > 30201-(S1) Undergraduate Thesis
Depositing User: Cindy Reviko Ekatiara
Date Deposited: 31 Aug 2021 01:18
Last Modified: 31 Aug 2021 01:18
URI: https://repository.its.ac.id/id/eprint/90848

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