Pengaruh Safety Culture Dan Safety Climate Terhadap Safety Behavior Pada Pramudi Bus Rapid Transit Dengan Gender Sebagai Variabel Moderasi

Wulandari, Rahmanda (2021) Pengaruh Safety Culture Dan Safety Climate Terhadap Safety Behavior Pada Pramudi Bus Rapid Transit Dengan Gender Sebagai Variabel Moderasi. Masters thesis, Institut Teknologi Sepuluh Nopember.

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Abstract

TransJakarta merupakan salah satu penyedia jasa yang bergerak dalam bidang transportasi. Selama tahun 2014 hingga tahun 2019 telah terjadi kecelakaan sebanyak 2.631 kasus. Kasus kecelakaan yang melibatkan bus TransJakarta diduga memiliki hubungan yang erat dengan safety behavior. Studi literatur mengatakan bahwa safety behavior dipengaruhi oleh safety climate dan safety culture, penelitian lain mengatakan bahwa safety culture mempengaruhi safety climate. Tujuan dari penelitian ini adalah memodelkan hubungan safety culture, safety climate dan safety behavior pada pramudi TransJakarta, mengidentifikasi faktor yang paling signifikan untuk penelitian safety bahavior serta meningkatkan safety behavior dengan faktor safety culture dan safety climate. Pemodelan dilakukan dengan menggunakan Structural Equation Modelling – Partial Least Square (SEM-PLS) dengan tingkat kepercayaan 95% (α = 5%). Hasil dari penelitian ini adalah (1) safety culture berpengaruh terhadap safety climate, (2) safety climate berpengaruh terhadap safety behavior, (3) safety culture berpengaruh terhadap safety behavior ketiga hipotesis tersebut diterima dengan pengaruh yang signifikan serta positif, sedangkan untuk variabel gender hasil penelitian menunjukkan (4) gender tidak memoderasi pengaruh safety culture terhadap safety climate, (5) gender tidak memoderasi pengaruh safety climate terhadap safety behavior, dan (6) gender tidak memoderasi pengaruh safety culture terhadap safety behavior. ================================================================================================ TransJakarta is one of the service providers engaged in the transportation sector. During 2014 untul 2016 there have been 2,631 accidents. In 2019 there were 320 accidents. This accident is thought to have a close relationship with safety behavior. This study aims to measure the impact of the safety climate and safety culture on the safety behavior of TransJakarta bus drivers by identifying the most significant factors. The questionnaire was adapted to fit the characteristics of the object of transportation. Modeling was carried out using Structural Equation Modeling - Partial Least Square (SEM-PLS) with a confidence level of 95% (α = 5%). The test results show that all three hypotheses are accepted with a significant positive effect for (1) safety culture with the safety climate, (2) safety climate with safety behavior and (3)safety culture and safety behaviour. For the moderating variable gender does not moderate the effect of safety culture on safety climate either hypothesis 4 and hyphothesis 5 safety climate on safety behavior also hypothesis 6 gender does not moderate the effect of safety culture on safety behavior.

Item Type: Thesis (Masters)
Uncontrolled Keywords: Budaya keselamatan, iklim keselamatan kerja, perilaku selamat, Transportasi Publik, jenis kelamin, safety culture, safety climate, safe behavior, public transportation, gender
Subjects: T Technology > T Technology (General) > T55 Industrial Safety
Divisions: Faculty of Industrial Technology and Systems Engineering (INDSYS) > Industrial Engineering > 26101-(S2) Master Thesis
Depositing User: rahmanda wulandari
Date Deposited: 30 Aug 2021 09:00
Last Modified: 30 Aug 2021 09:00
URI: https://repository.its.ac.id/id/eprint/90947

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