Safety Analysis Pada Perilaku Siswa Selama Pandemi Covid-19 Dengan Pendekatan Agent-Based Modeling

Nugraha, Dedi (2021) Safety Analysis Pada Perilaku Siswa Selama Pandemi Covid-19 Dengan Pendekatan Agent-Based Modeling. Undergraduate thesis, Institut Teknologi Sepuluh Nopember.

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Abstract

Kebijakan penutupan sekolah akibat pandemi di Indonesia sejak Maret 2020 mengakibatkan menurunnya kualitas dan esensi pendidikan pada anak. Berdasarkan SKB Empat Menteri pada Agustus 2020, telah dilakukan pembukaan sekolah secara bertahap dengan berbagai syarat dan kondisi aman yang telah ditentukan. Pembelajaran tatap muka selama pandemi ini menimbulkan keresahan pada orang tua/wali siswa akan keselamatan dan keamanan anaknya. Sehingga pada penelitian ini, dilakukan sebuah simulasi dengan pendekatan Agent-Based Modeling karena mampu memodelkan sebuah sistem pada level individu dan menangkap emergence behavior yang terjadi. Setiap siswa dimodelkan sebagai agent utama untuk melakukan berbagai macam skenario simulasi pelaksanaan pembelajaran tatap muka di sekolah selama pandemi Covid-19 untuk melihat tingkat infeksi dan penyebaran virus. Dari hasil simulasi, diperoleh 5 parameter simulasi yang kemudian menjadi safety factor untuk melakukan safety analysis. Dari hasil safety analysis dengan metode FTA dan FMEA, diketahui nilai Criticality dan RPN (Risk Priority Number) dari masing-masing parameter. Berdasarkan nilai Criticality dan RPN tersebut, diperoleh sebuah rekomendasi kondisi ideal dalam pelaksanaan pembelajaran tatap muka di sekolah selama pandemi yang menjamin keamanan dan keselamatan dari siswa/i dengan tingkat infeksi dan penyebaran virus yang rendah dan terkendali. ===================================================================================================== The policy of school closure due to the pandemic in Indonesia since March 2020 has resulted in a decline in the quality and essence of education for children. Based on SKB Empat Menteri in August 2020, schools have been opened in stages with various predetermined safe terms and conditions. Face-to-face learning during this pandemic raises anxiety among parents about the safety and security of their children. In this research, a simulation with an agent-based modeling approach was carried out because it was able to model a system at the individual level and capture the emergence behavior that occurred. Each student is modeled as the main agent to carry out various simulation scenarios for the implementation of face-to-face learning in schools during the Covid-19 pandemic to see the level of infection and the spread of the virus. From the simulation results, 5 simulation parameters are obtained which then become safety factors for conducting safety analysis. From the results of the safety analysis using the FTA and FMEA methods, it is known the Criticality and RPN (Risk Priority Number) values of each parameter. Based on the Criticality and RPN scores, a recommendation for ideal conditions was obtained in the implementation of face-to-face learning in schools during a pandemic that ensures the safety and security of students with low and controlled levels of infection and the spreading of the viruses.

Item Type: Thesis (Undergraduate)
Uncontrolled Keywords: Agent-Based Modeling, FTA, FMEA, Netlogo, Safety Analysis, Simulasi Berbasis Agen
Subjects: T Technology > T Technology (General) > T55 Industrial Safety
T Technology > T Technology (General) > T57.62 Simulation
Divisions: Faculty of Industrial Technology and Systems Engineering (INDSYS) > Industrial Engineering > 26201-(S1) Undergraduate Thesis
Depositing User: Dedi Nugraha
Date Deposited: 01 Sep 2021 08:56
Last Modified: 01 Sep 2021 08:56
URI: https://repository.its.ac.id/id/eprint/91220

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