Perancangan Buku Visual Arsitektur Rumah Adat Mandar Sebagai Upaya Pelestarian Arsitektur Tradisional

Nuralam, Indah Puspa (2021) Perancangan Buku Visual Arsitektur Rumah Adat Mandar Sebagai Upaya Pelestarian Arsitektur Tradisional. Undergraduate thesis, Institut Teknologi Sepuluh Nopember.

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Abstract

Rumah adat Mandar (Sulawesi Barat) merupakan salah satu aset kebudayaan Indonesia di bidang arsitektur. Sebagai salah satu arsitektur tradisional, rumah adat Mandar memiliki keunikan bentuk serta nilai-nilai yang terkandung baik dari proses pembangunan hingga detail konstruksinya. Namun, rumah adat Mandar saat ini jumlahnya semakin terbatas dan sulit ditemukan karena pembangunan yang gencar dilakukan di seluruh wilayah di Indonesia, termasuk di Sulawesi Barat. Hal ini berpengaruh pada perkembangan arsitektur yang semakin modern, sehingga memungkinkan arsitektur tradisional perlahan akan menghilang. Karenanya, rumah adat Mandar perlu diarsipkan secara tertulis agar tetap lestari dan bermanfaat sebagai media informasi dan referensi di bidang arsitektur tradisional. Perancangan ini dilakukan dengan beberapa metode, yaitu observasi, depth interview, studi eksperimen, serta studi literatur. Observasi dilakukan untuk memperoleh data awal mengenai kondisi rumah serta data visual yakni foto dokumenter. Depth interview dilakukan untuk memperoleh data dari beberapa narasumber ahli, antara lain Kepala Dinas Kebudayaan dan Pariwisata Kabupaten Mamuju serta beberapa ahli rumah adat Mandar. Studi eksperimen dilakukan untuk memperoleh draft/konsep awal yang sekiranya sesuai dengan kebutuhan perancangan. Adapun studi literatur dilakukan dengan mempelajari dan mengkaji literatur mengenai arsitektur rumah adat Mandar. Hasil dari perancangan ini adalah buku visual arsitektur yang diawali dengan pengenalan suku Mandar untuk membangun koneksi dengan pembaca, dilanjutkan dengan sejarah, kajian arsitektural termasuk denah, dan pembahasan detail rumah mulai dari bagian atap, bagian tengah, bagian bawah, hingga bangunan tambahan tambing, paceko, dan lego-lego, serta ragam hias yang mengandung nilai-nilai adat yang bersumber dari ajaran leluhur masyarakat Mandar. Buku ini disajikan dengan perpaduan foto dokumentasi eksterior dan detail bangunan, ilustrasi dan gambar tampak, serta teks deskriptif yang disusun dengan layout minimalis. Dengan adanya buku ini, diharapkan dapat menjadi wadah untuk melestarikan rumah adat Mandar sebagai salah satu aset kebudayaan Indonesia. Serta sebagai sumber informasi dan referensi yang mudah dipahami bagi masyarakat dan orang-orang yang tertarik pada arsitektur tradisional Indonesia, khususnya rumah adat Mandar. ==================================================================================================== Mandar traditional house (West Sulawesi) is one of Indonesia's cultural assets in the field of architecture. As one of the traditional architectures, Mandar traditional house has a unique form and values contained both from the development process to the construction details. However, currently Mandar traditional houses are increasingly limited in number and difficult to find due to intensive development in all regions in Indonesia, including in West Sulawesi. This affects the development of increasingly modern architecture so that supporting traditional architecture will slowly disappear. Therefore, Mandar traditional house needs to be archived in writing so that it remains sustainable and useful as a medium of information and reference in the field of traditional architecture. This design was carried out using several methods, such as observation, in-depth interviews, experimental studies, and literature studies. Observations were made to obtain initial data regarding the condition of the house as well as visual data, namely documentary photos. In-depth interviews were conducted to obtain data from several expert sources, including the Head of the Mamuju Regency Culture and Tourism Office and several experts on Mandar traditional houses. Experimental studies are conducted to obtain initial drafts/concepts that are in accordance with the design requirements. The literature study was carried out by reviewing and reviewing the literature on the architecture of the Mandar traditional house. The result of this design is a visual architecture book that begins with an introduction to the Mandar tribe to build a connection with the reader, followed by history, architectural studies including floor plans, and a detailed discussion of the house starting from the roof, middle, bottom, to the additional building tambing, paceko, and Legos, as well as decorations with traditional values originating from the ancestral teachings of Mandar people. This book is presented with a combination of photos of exterior documentation and building details, illustrations and visible images, as well as descriptive text arranged in a minimalist layout. With this book, it is hoped that it can become a forum for the Mandar traditional house as one of Indonesia's cultural assets. As well as an easily accessible source of information and reference for the public and people interested in traditional Indonesian architecture, especially the Mandar traditional house.

Item Type: Thesis (Undergraduate)
Uncontrolled Keywords: visual book, traditional architecture, traditional house, buku visual, arsitektur tradisional, rumah adat, Mandar, boyang
Subjects: N Fine Arts > NA Architecture > NA7115 Domestic architecture. Houses. Dwellings
Divisions: Faculty of Creative Design and Digital Business (CREABIZ) > Product Design > 90231-(S1) Undergraduate Thesis
Depositing User: Indah Puspa Nuralam
Date Deposited: 03 Sep 2021 09:14
Last Modified: 03 Sep 2021 09:14
URI: https://repository.its.ac.id/id/eprint/91744

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