Perencanaan Sistem Transmisi Pada Mesin Pencacah Sampah Organik Dengan Kapasitas 200kg/Jam

Abdullah, Muhammad Azzam (2022) Perencanaan Sistem Transmisi Pada Mesin Pencacah Sampah Organik Dengan Kapasitas 200kg/Jam. Undergraduate thesis, Institut Teknologi Sepuluh Nopember.

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Abstract

Sampah merupakan masalah yang dihadapi hampir seluruh Negara. Tidak hanya di negara - negara berkembang, tetapi juga di negara-negara maju, sampah selalu menjadi masalah. Rata-rata setiap harinya kota-kota besar di Indonesia menghasilkan puluhan ton sampah. Sampah yang dihasilkan berdominan sampah organic yang mencapai sekitar 60 persen dan sampah plastik yang mencapai 15 persen dari total timbulan sampah, terutama di daerah perkotaan. Sesuai data tersebut menunjukan dalam 10 tahun terakhir banyaknya sampah terus meningkat. Tak dapat di pungkiri sampah yang tidak di kelola dengan baik akan menyebabkan pencemaran di lingkungan kita. Oleh karena itu pada proyek akhir ini akan dilakukan pembuatan mesin pencacah sampah organik melalui perhitungan - perhitungan elemen mesin khusunya sistem transmisinya. Langkah – langkah yang dilakukan untuk tujuan tersebut adalah: observasi alat, studi literature, pengambilan data, desain alat, pengadaan alat, perakitan alat dan kemudian pengujian alat. Sehingga dapat mengetahui kapasitas mesin tersebut. Hasil perhitungan dan pembahasan diperoleh kesimpulan bahwa alat ini menggunakan 4 pulley yang masing masing berdiameter 101,6 mm, 254 mm, 127 mm serta 127 mm. Vbelt yang dipilih adalah V-Belt jenis B dengan panjang 1600 mm dan dengan umur belt 130661935,8 jam serta vbelt jenis B dengan panjang 1000mm dan umur 16690909,21 jam. Untuk diameter bearing yang dipakai 30 mm dengan umur bearing A 1159262,22 jam kerja, bearing B 32389543,76 jam kerja, bearing C 9861131 jam kerja serta bearing D 29064360,12 jam kerja . Kapasitas yang diperoleh dari hasil percobaan sebesar 213 kg/jam. ================================================================================================ Garbage is a problem faced by almost all countries. Not only in developing countries, but also in developed countries, waste is always a problem. On average, big cities in Indonesia produce tens of tons of waste every day. The waste generated is dominated by organic waste which reaches about 60 percent and plastic waste which reaches 15 percent of the total waste generation, especially in urban areas. According to the data, it shows that in the last 10 years the amount of waste has continued to increase. It is undeniable that waste that is not managed properly will cause pollution in our environment. Therefore, in this final project, the manufacture of an organic waste chopper machine will be carried out through the calculations of machine elements, especially the transmission system. The steps taken for this purpose are: instrument observation, literature study, data collection, tool design, equipment procurement, tool assembly and then tool testing. So you can find out the capacity of the machine. The results of each calculation and diameter concluded that this tool uses 4 pulleys which are 101.6 mm, 254 mm, 127 mm and 127 mm. The selected V-belt is a type B V-Belt with a length of 1600 mm and a belt life of 1159262,22 hours and a V-belt type B with a length of 1000 mm and a lifespan of 16690909,21 hours. For the bearing diameter used is 30 mm with bearing age A 1159262.22 working hours, bearing B 32389543.76 working hours, bearing C9861131 working hours and bearing D 29064360.12 working hours. The capacity obtained from the experimntal results is 213 kg/hour.

Item Type: Thesis (Undergraduate)
Uncontrolled Keywords: Belt, Pulley, Bearing,Transmision, Transmisi, Bantalan, Puli
Subjects: T Technology > TJ Mechanical engineering and machinery > TJ230 Machine design
T Technology > TS Manufactures
Divisions: Faculty of Vocational > Mechanical Industrial Engineering
Depositing User: Muhammad Azzam Abdullah
Date Deposited: 03 Feb 2022 02:21
Last Modified: 03 Feb 2022 02:21
URI: https://repository.its.ac.id/id/eprint/92671

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