Implementasi Ad-Hoc On Demand Distance Vector (Aodv) Berdasarkan Faktor Kecepatan Dan Arah Di Lingkungan Vanets

Janardana, Andrea Prahita (2022) Implementasi Ad-Hoc On Demand Distance Vector (Aodv) Berdasarkan Faktor Kecepatan Dan Arah Di Lingkungan Vanets. Undergraduate thesis, Institut Teknologi Sepuluh Nopember.

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Abstract

Teknologi internet saat ini dapat digunakan sebagai suatu pemecahan suatu masalah. Contoh perkembangannya adalah jaringan nirkabel ad-hoc. Seperti contohnya proses penentuan rute perjalanan berhubungan dengan rute pengiriman data informasi dalam jaringan internet. Untuk melakukan pemcecahan permasalahan hal tersebut dapat memanfaatkan teknologi jaringan Ad-Hoc yang mana mendasari pembuatan Vehicular Ad-Hoc Networks (VANETs). Vehicular Ad hoc Networks (VANETs) merupakan pengembangan dari Mobile Ad hoc Network (MANET) dimana node memiliki karakteristik dengan mobilitas yang sangat tinggi dan terbatas pada pola pergerakannya. Ada banyak routing protocol yang dapat diimplementasikan pada VANETs, salah satunya adalah Ad hoc On demand Distance Vector (AODV). AODV merupakan salah satu routing protocol yang termasuk dalam reactive routing protocol, sebuah protokol yang hanya akan membuat rute ketika node sumber membutuhkannya. AODV memiliki dua fase, yaitu route discovery dan route maintenance. Route discovery digunakan untuk meminta dan meneruskan informasi rute yang terdiri dari proses pengiriman Route Request 7 (RREQ) dan Route Reply (RREP), sedangkan route maintenance digunakan untuk mengetahui informasi adanya kesalahan pada rute. Pada fase ini terdapat proses pengiriman Route Error (RERR). Pada kinerja AODV, pemilihan rute yang stabil saat proses pencarian rute diperlukan untuk memperpanjang waktu penggunaan node. Seperti contohnya ketika tiap node melakukan broadcast paket RREQ, hal tersebut membutuhkan delay yang lama dan resource yang banyak saat pengiriman. Hal tersebut berpengaruh pada tingkat kestabilan rute dan rentan terputus yang mengakibatkan paket yang dikirim berkurang. Pada Tugas Akhir ini mengimplementasikan algoritma AODV berdasarkan faktor kecepatan dan arah dalam menentukan pemilihan node. Dari hasil uji coba, AODV yang dimodifikasi pada skenario grid rata-rata Packet Delivery Ratio (PDR) turun sebanyak 1,54%, Delay naik hingga 125,63% dan penurunan nilai rata-rata Routing Overhead (RO) hingga 70,01%. Sedangkan pada skenario real nilai rata-rata Packet Delivery Ratio (PDR) turun hingga 14,43%, menurunkan Delivery Delay hingga 13,74% dan penurunan nilai rata-rata Routing Overhead (RO) hingga 65,61% ===================================================================================================== In this era, Internet technology can be used as problem solving. An example of its development is ad-hoc wireless networks. For example, the process of determining the route of travel is related to sending data information on the internet network. To do this problem solver can use Ad-Hoc network technology which underlies the creation of Ad-Hoc Vehicle Networks (VANETs). Ad hoc Network Vehicle (VANET) is the development of an Ad hoc Mobile Network (MANET) where nodes have characteristics with very high mobility and are limited to their movement patterns. There are many routing protocols that can be implemented on VANET, one of which is Ad hoc On demand Distance Vector (AODV).VANETs are an improvement of MANET which have high mobility node characteristic and limited movement pattern. There are many routing protocols that can be implemented on VANETs and one of them is AODV. AODV is an example of reactive routing protocol classification, a protocol that will only create a route when the source node needs it. AODV have two phase which are route discovery and route maintenance. Route discovery is used for 9 requesting and forwarding a route information that consist of Route Request (RREQ) and Route Reply (RREP), meanwhile route maintenance that consist of Route Error (RERR) is used for finding out an error information in route. In normal AODV performance, stable route selection is needed in route search process to extend the lifetime of a node. For example, when each node broadcasts a RREQ packet, it requires a long delay and a lot of resources when sending. This affects the level of stability of the route and is susceptible to interruption which results in the package being sent reduced. In this Final Project implement AODV based on velocity and distance on node selection. From the trial results, AODV which replaced the average scenario of Packet Delivery Ratio (PDR) increased by 1.54%, Delay increased to 125.63% and reduced the average value of Routing Overhead (RO) to 70.01%. Whereas in the scenario the real value of the Package Delivery Ratio (PDR) drops to 14.43%, decreases the Delivery Delay by 13.74% and decreases the average value of Routing Overhead (RO) to 65.61%.

Item Type: Thesis (Undergraduate)
Uncontrolled Keywords: VANETs, AODV, Node Degree Clustering, Node Tetangga
Subjects: T Technology > T Technology (General) > T57.62 Simulation
Divisions: Faculty of Intelligent Electrical and Informatics Technology (ELECTICS) > Informatics Engineering > 55201-(S1) Undergraduate Thesis
Depositing User: Andrea Prahita Janardana
Date Deposited: 09 Feb 2022 08:51
Last Modified: 09 Feb 2022 08:51
URI: https://repository.its.ac.id/id/eprint/93200

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