Studi Evaluasi Keberadaan Bank Sampah sebagai Pendukung Ketercapaian Target Pengurangan Sampah di Kabupaten Gianyar

Pradnyaswari, I Gusti Agung Indira (2022) Studi Evaluasi Keberadaan Bank Sampah sebagai Pendukung Ketercapaian Target Pengurangan Sampah di Kabupaten Gianyar. Undergraduate thesis, Institut Teknologi Sepuluh Nopember.

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Abstract

Kabupaten Gianyar adalah suatu kawasan di Provinsi Bali yang mengandalkan sektor pariwisata dan industri. Dengan kepadatan penduduk mencapai 1.392 jiwa/km2, Kabupaten Gianyar memproduksi sebanyak 146.356 m3 sampah di tahun 2020 dan diprediksikan mencapai angka 1.208,88 m3/hari di tahun 2040. Kabupaten Gianyar memiliki 99 bank sampah unit yang tersebar di 7 kecamatan. Keberadaan bank sampah di Kabupaten Gianyar diharapkan mampu membantu upaya reduksi sampah dari sumber dan menjadi pemasukan tambahan bagi nasabah yang bergabung didalamnya. Penelitian ini bertujuan untuk mengkaji potensi reduksi dan faktor yang mempengaruhi aspek teknis dan finansial terhadap keberlanjutan bank sampah di Kabupaten Gianyar. Data primer diperoleh dari hasil survey dan wawancara nasabah bank sampah dan perhitungan komposisi timbulan sampah sesuai SNI 19-3964-1994. Penentuan jumlah sampel dihitung dengan persamaan slovin. Jumlah sampel yang diuji adalah 97 nasabah dan 46 unit bank sampah. Data sekunder dihimpun melalui sumber yang sudah ada dari pengelola bank sampah serta dokumen pendukung lain seperti jurnal ilmiah, data terbitan pemerintah, dan laporan tahunan bank sampah. Pengolahan data dilakukan dengan metode regresi linear menggunakan bahasa pemrograman R. Pada penelitian ini diperoleh besar reduksi sampah yang bisa dilakukan oleh bank sampah dengan kondisi eksisting di Kabupaten Gianyar sebesar 24% dari total timbulan sampah daur ulang. Komposisi sampah di Kabupaten Gianyar didominasi oleh plastik lembaran (39% dari komposisi sampah di bank sampah induk) yang memiliki harga paling rendah. Partisipasi masyarakat dipengaruhi oleh peraturan yang berlaku di desa setempat dan keinginan untuk menambah pemasukan. Secara finansial, bank sampah belum bisa meningkatkan kondisi ekonomi nasabah. Persamaan regresi yang berlaku dalam pertumbuhan bank sampah adalah Y = 18,2 + 0,00075*Tabungan Nasabah + 0,013*Jumlah Nasabah + 0,00*Pemasukan + 0,0003*Sampah Masuk – 1,96*Lama Operasional. ================================================================================================ Gianyar Regency is one of the tourism and industrial sectors in Bali. With a population density of 1.392 people/km2, Gianyar Regency generates as much as 146.356 m3 of waste in 2020 and is predicted to reach 1.208,88 m3/day in 2040. Gianyar Regency has 99 waste bank units spread over 7 sub-districts. The existence of waste banks in Gianyar is expected to be able to help waste reduction from sources and become additional income for their customers. This study aims to examine the potential for waste reduction and the factors that influence the technical and financial aspects of the sustainability of waste banks. Primary data was obtained from survey results and interviews with waste bank customers and the calculation of waste generation according to SNI 19-3964-1994. The number of samples were calculated by Slovin equation. The number of samples tested were 97 customers and 46 waste bank units. Secondary data was collected through existing sources from waste bank managers and other supporting documents such as scientific journals, government published data, and waste bank annnual reports. Data proccessing is done by linear regression method using R programming language. The amount of waste reduction that can be carried out by waste banks with existing conditions is 24% of the total recyclable waste in Gianyar. The waste composition is dominated by plastic sheet (39% of waste bank’s waste composition) which has the lowest price. Community participation is influences by the regulations in force in the local village and the willingnes to increase their income. In financial sector, waste banks have not been able to improve the customer’s economic condition. The regression equation that applies between the waste bank development is Y = 18,2 + 0,00075*Customer’s Savings + 0,013*Customer Number + 0,00*Income + 0,0003*Managed Waste – 1,96*Time.

Item Type: Thesis (Undergraduate)
Uncontrolled Keywords: Bahasa Pemrograman R, Bank Sampah, Finansial, Kabupaten Gianyar, dan Reduksi Sampah, Financial, R programming language, Gianyar Regency, waste bank, and waste reduction
Subjects: T Technology > TD Environmental technology. Sanitary engineering
T Technology > TD Environmental technology. Sanitary engineering > TD194.6 Environmental impact analysis
T Technology > TD Environmental technology. Sanitary engineering > TD799.85 Electronic apparatus and appliances waste
T Technology > TD Environmental technology. Sanitary engineering > TD898.8.C67 Waste disposal
T Technology > TD Environmental technology. Sanitary engineering > TD899 Waste control in special industries, plants, processes, etc
Divisions: Faculty of Civil, Planning, and Geo Engineering (CIVPLAN) > Environmental Engineering > 25201-(S1) Undergraduate Thesis
Depositing User: I Gusti Agung Indira Pradnyaswari
Date Deposited: 14 Feb 2022 08:02
Last Modified: 14 Feb 2022 08:02
URI: https://repository.its.ac.id/id/eprint/93938

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