Simulasi Dampak Kebakaran Pada Tangki TBBM Menggunakan Software Flacs

Kartikasari, Puspita Dwi (2022) Simulasi Dampak Kebakaran Pada Tangki TBBM Menggunakan Software Flacs. Masters thesis, Institut Teknologi Sepuluh Nopember.

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Abstract

Terminal Bahan Bakar Minyak (TBBM) merupakan salah satu industri yang memiliki risiko bahaya tinggi. Pada fasilitas TBBM PT. X terdapat 13 tangki timbun yang berisi bahan bakar yaitu 3 tangki berisi premium, 5 tangki berisi solar, 3 tangki berisi avtur, 1 tangki berisi pertamax, dan 1 tangki berisi solar dex. Dalam operasinalnya tangki timbun memiliki potensi bahaya, misalkan ledakan atau kebakaran. Kejadian tersebut dapat menimbulkan efek tunggal maupun efek domino bila skala ledakannya besar dan ada faktor pemicu. Oleh sebab itu perlunya suatu analisis safety terhadap fasilitas tersebut agar kecelakaan tidak terjadi atau dapat diminimalisir. Metode Identifikasi bahaya pada penelitian ini menggunakan HIRADC (Hazard Identification Risk Assessment and Determining Control) yang selanjutnya dilakukan evaluasi terhadap bahaya tersebut. Hasil pemodelan nantinya akan dibuat dengan menggunakan Software Flacs. Dari hasil simulasi didapatkan pressure VCE (sebesar 0.02755 barg pada 28,19s, jarak paparan yang dihasilkan sejauh 130m dari titik ledakan dimana dapat mengakibatkan pecahnya kaca. Rekomendasi yang diberikan yaitu pembuatan SOP dari bahaya api ringan sampai berat dan pemasangan alat-alat safety pada filling sheet, pipa dan tangki timbun. ================================================================================================ Fuel Oil Facility is an industry that has a high risk of danger. At the PT.X facility, there are 13 storage tanks containing fuel, namely 3 tanks containing premium, 5 tanks containing diesel fuel, 3 tanks containing avtur, 1 tank containing pertamax, and 1 tank containing diesel dex. In operation, the storage tank has a potential hazard, for example, an explosion or fire. The incident can cause a single effect or a domino effect if the scale of the explosion is large and there are triggering factors. Therefore, there is a need for safety analysis of these facilities so that accidents do not occur or can be minimized. The hazard identification method in this study uses HIRADC (Hazard Identification Risk Assessment and Determining Control) which is then evaluated against the hazard. The modeling results will be created using Flacs Software. From the simulation results, the VCE pressure (of 0.02755 barg at 28.19s, the resulting exposure distance is 130m from the point of the explosion which can result in the glass breaking. The recommendations given are making SOPs from mild to severe fire hazards and installing safety equipment on filling sheets, pipes, and storage tanks.

Item Type: Thesis (Masters)
Uncontrolled Keywords: safety, TBBM, HIRADC, simulation, Flacs, keselamatan, simulasi
Subjects: T Technology > T Technology (General) > T55 Industrial Safety
Divisions: Faculty of Industrial Technology and Systems Engineering (INDSYS) > Chemical Engineering > 24101-(S2) Master Thesis
Depositing User: Puspita Dwi Kartikasari
Date Deposited: 19 Feb 2022 04:14
Last Modified: 19 Feb 2022 04:14
URI: https://repository.its.ac.id/id/eprint/94580

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