Perencanaan Crusher (Single Disc Mill) dan Mixer (Paddle) pada Mesin Pencetak Pelet Ikan Terapung (Floating Fish Pellet Machine) Kapasitas 90 Kg/jam

Pratama, Dimas Putra (2022) Perencanaan Crusher (Single Disc Mill) dan Mixer (Paddle) pada Mesin Pencetak Pelet Ikan Terapung (Floating Fish Pellet Machine) Kapasitas 90 Kg/jam. Undergraduate thesis, Institut Teknologi Sepuluh Nopember.

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Abstract

Pesatnya perkembangan budidaya perikanan di Indonesia membuat kebutuhan pakan ikan menjadi meningkat. Sebagian besar sumber produksi pakan ikan berasal dari pakan alami, yang dimana tidak akan cukup untuk memenuhi kapasitas kebutuhan. Untuk itu, banyak peternak ikan menggunakan pakan buatan yaitu pelet yang dimana permintaannya semakin meningkat di pasaran. Berdasarkan hal tersebut, perlu adanya perencanaan dan perancangan mesin pencetak pelet ikan untuk memenuhi kebutuhan pasar dan dapat dipergunakan oleh para peternak ikan. Perencanaan dalam merancang mesin pencetak pelet ikan dengan komponen utama mixer dan crusher ini meliputi perencanaan daya motor, pulley-belt, poros, bearing, dan pasak. Setelah dihitung dan mendapatkan hasil, maka perlu dilakukan validasi hasil simulasi dengan perhitungan teoritis untuk mendapatkan kesimpulan. Dari hasil perencanaan dan perancangan, didapatkan spesifikasi mesin pencetak pelet yaitu untuk crusher menggunakan jenis Disc Mill FFC-15 dengan kapasitas 55 kg/jam, sedangkan pada mixer menggunakan agitator berjenis paddle, dengan dimensi tabung mixer ∅=0,3 m dan p=0,7 m. Berdasarkan perbandingan hasil simulasi FEM dengan perhitungan teoritis, selisih persentase tegangan maksimal pada poros mixer yang terjadi sebesar 3,24%. Sedangkan selisih persentase tegangan maksimal pada poros crusher sebesar 2%. Sehingga material yang dipakai dapat dipastikan aman karena perbandingan selisih perhitungan teoritis dan simulasi tidaklah berbeda jauh. ================================================================================================== The rapid development of aquaculture in Indonesia makes the need for fish feed to increase. Most of the sources of fish feed production come from natural feed, which will not be sufficient to meet the capacity needs. For this reason, many fish farmers use artificial feed, namely pellets, where the demand is increasing in the market. Based on this, it is necessary to plan and design a fish pellet printing machine to meet market needs and can be used by fish farmers. Planning in designing a fish pellet printing machine with the main components of a mixer and crusher includes planning for motor power, pulley-belt, shaft, bearing, and pegs. After calculating and obtaining the results, it is necessary to validate the simulation results with theoretical calculations to obtain conclusions. From the results of planning and design, the specifications for the pellet printing machine are obtained, namely for the crusher using the Disc Mill FFC-15 type with a capacity of 55 kg/hour, while the mixer uses a paddle type agitator, with mixer tube dimensions ∅=0.3 m and p=0 ,7 m. Based on the comparison of FEM simulation results with theoretical calculations, the difference in the percentage of maximum stress on the mixer shaft that occurs is 3.24%. While the difference in the percentage of maximum stress on the crusher shaft is 2%. So that the material used can be ensured to be safe because the difference between the theoretical calculation and the simulation is not much different.

Item Type: Thesis (Undergraduate)
Uncontrolled Keywords: Mesin Pencetak Pelet Ikan Terapung, Screw Extruder, Mixer, Crusher, Metode Elemen Hingga ========================================================================================================================== Floating Fish Pellet Machine, Screw Extruder, Mixer, Crusher, Finite Element Method
Subjects: T Technology > TA Engineering (General). Civil engineering (General) > TA645 Structural analysis (Engineering)
T Technology > TJ Mechanical engineering and machinery
T Technology > TJ Mechanical engineering and machinery > TJ230 Machine design
T Technology > TS Manufactures
T Technology > TS Manufactures > TS170 New products. Product Development
T Technology > TS Manufactures > TS171 Product design
Divisions: Faculty of Vocational > Instrumentation Engineering
Depositing User: Dimas Putra Pratama
Date Deposited: 17 Feb 2022 22:17
Last Modified: 17 Feb 2022 22:17
URI: https://repository.its.ac.id/id/eprint/94604

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