Penataan Taman Lansia Di Kota Surabaya Berdasarkan Karakteristik Kebutuhan Masyarakat Lanjut Usia

Ramadhani, Anindita (2015) Penataan Taman Lansia Di Kota Surabaya Berdasarkan Karakteristik Kebutuhan Masyarakat Lanjut Usia. Masters thesis, Institut Teknologi Sepuluh Nopember.

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Abstract

Jumlah masyarakat lansia di Kota Surabaya terus berkembang dengan pesat. Pada tahun 2010, jumlah penduduk lansia 10% jumlah penduduk keseluruhan, melebihi prosentase jumlah penduduk lanjut usia nasional, yaitu 7,5%. Pada tahun 2013, jumlah masyarakat lansia di Kota Surabaya telah mencapai 16,74%dari total penduduk Surabaya, dengan jumlah terbanyak terdapat di Unit Pengembangan VI Tunjungan. Pada masyarakat lansia, proses penuaan membawa banyak perubahan, baik dari segi fisik maupun psikologis, masyarakat lansia kebanyakan kaum pensiunan yang kesepian sehingga membutuhkan fasilitas untuk berinteraksi dengan sesamanya, salah satunya adalah taman.Di UP Tunjungan terdapat sebaran taman terbanyak dari Kota Surabaya, 8 taman kota,namun tidak satupun diperuntukkan untuk masyarakat lansia.Maka, tujuan dari penelitian ini adalah merumuskan penataan taman lansia yang tepat sehingga lebih optimal dalam memenuhi kebutuhan masyarakat lansia di Kota Surabaya. Metodologi penelitian dilaksanakan dengan metode deskriptif kualitatif.Evaluasi taman di Unit Pengembangan Tunjungan yang potensial untuk ditata sebagai taman bagi masyarakat lansia dilakukan dengan menggunakan analisis character appraisal. Perumusan kriteria penataan taman lansia dari segi fisik dan psikologis masyarakat lansia dengan behavior observation dan cognitive mappingpada pengunjung taman lansia, serta menata Taman Lansia sesuai dengan kriteria yang telah ditemukan melalui upayasinkronisasihasildarianalisis-analisis sebelumnya menggunakan analisis synchronic reading. Hasil dari penelitian ini adalah penentuan taman yang paling potensial untuk ditata sebagai taman lansia di UP Tunjungan, serta kriteria dan konsep penataantaman lansia. Taman terpilihmerupakantaman yang mampumemenuhi 7 dari 10 subkriteriatamanlansia. Kriteriapsikologis meliputi zonasi area taman lansia berdasarkan segmentasi kelompok umur lansia, yaitu lansia dini (55-64 tahun), lansia madya (65-70 tahun), serta lansia risiko tinggi (>= 70 tahun), serta peningkatan aksesibilitas tamanterpilih. Sedangkan, kriteria fisik adalah penataan elemen taman lansia sesuai dengan zonasi yang ditetapkan. Konsep penataan berdasarkankriteriatersebutdanmengacu pada tema yang ditetapkanyaitu“elderly park as a space of healthy ageing community”,dengan 3 kata kunci, yaitu komunitas, space, dan kesehatan secara fisik dan psikologis. ======================================================================================== The number of elderly people in Surabaya is growing fast; in 2010, the percentage of elderly people in Surabaya is 10% of total people in Surabaya. It is far more than the percentage of elderly people in Indonesia, that is 7,5 % of total people. In 2013, the percentage of elderly people in Surabaya had reach 16,74% of total people, with the largest population of elderly people in Development Unit (UP) VI Tunjungan. The aging process brings many changes to a man, physically and psychologically. Most of them are lonely retired men, so they need a facility for them to interact with their kinds, such as parks. There are eight urban parks at UP Tunjungan, but none of them is addressed for the elderly. Therefore, the objective of this research is to formulate an alternative of elderly park arrangement so that it could be optimized for providing elderly’s needs in Surabaya City. The research’s methods is qualitative descriptive. The evaluation of eight parks in UP Tunjungan that potential to be arranged as an elderly park through character appraisal analysis. Then, it is followed by the formulation of arranging criteria for elderly park in both physical and psychological aspects through behavior observation and cognitive mapping towards elderly visitors of the parks. Lastly, the arrangement of elderly park based on the criteria formulated from the synchronization of previous analysis results through synchronic reading analysis. The result of this research is to find out the most suitable park as elderly park in UP Tunjungan, also arranging criteria and concept of an elderly park. The chosen park is the urban park that able to fulfill 7 out of 10 sub criteria of an elderly park. Arranging criteria in psychological aspect consist of zoning area of elderly park based on age group segmentation, i.e. early elderly (55-64thyears old), middle elderly (65-70th years old), and high risk elderly (>= 70th), and enhancing the accessibility of the suitable park. Arranging criteria in physical aspect is the arrangement of the park’s elements according to the zones that have been established. The concept to arrange the park is based on those criteria and referring to the formulated theme, that is “elderly park as a space of healthy ageing community”, with 3 keywords, i.e. community, space, and physical and psychological health.

Item Type: Thesis (Masters)
Additional Information: RTA 711.558 Ram p
Uncontrolled Keywords: taman lansia; karakteristik masyarakat lanjut usia; kebutuhan masyarakat lanjut usia; behavior observation; cognitive mapping; elderly park; characteristic of elderly needs; character appraisal
Subjects: N Fine Arts > NX Arts in general
Divisions: Faculty of Civil Engineering and Planning > Architechture > (S2) Master Theses
Depositing User: Mrs Anis Wulandari
Date Deposited: 21 Jun 2017 04:16
Last Modified: 21 Jun 2017 04:16
URI: http://repository.its.ac.id/id/eprint/41793

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