Evaluasi Kebutuhan Ruang Parkir pada Bangunan Apartemen di Kawasan Surabaya Timur

Putra, Handaru Alfiansyah (2017) Evaluasi Kebutuhan Ruang Parkir pada Bangunan Apartemen di Kawasan Surabaya Timur. Undergraduate thesis, Institut Teknologi Sepuluh Nopember.

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Abstract

Apartemen merupakan salah satu pusat pemukiman yang sudah banyak diminati di kota Surabaya, Jawa Timur sebagai kota terbesar kedua di Indonesia. Penyediaan fasilitas parkir di Apartemen yang aman dan nyaman sangat diperlukan seiring dengan meningkatnya kebutuhan properti di kota-kota besar seperti Surabaya yang berimbas pada naiknya pola bangkitan dan meningkatnya jumlah pemilik kendaraan pribadi pengunjung dan penghuni apartemen baik roda dua maupun roda empat. Penanganan masalah diperlukan pengadaan lahan parkir yang mencukupi dan penentuan bentuk pola parkir yang tepat pada lahan parkir yang ada, dimana kebutuhan akan lahan parkir (demand) dan prasarana yang dibutuhkan (supply) haruslah seimbang dan disesuaikan dengan karakteristik perparkiran. Tujuan penyusunan laporan tugas akhir ini adalah merancang layout lahan atau gedung parkir apartemen yang sesuai dengan kebutuhan, dan juga usulan penyempurnaan peraturan yang berlaku untuk bangunan dengan fungsi rumah susun atau apartemen. Kebutuhan parkir apartemen didapat dengan metode akumulasi maksimum, yang didapat dari survey patroli parkir on-street. Survey dilakukan selama hari efektif dan hari libur. Dari hasil pengolahan data survei, didapat kebutuhan ruang parkir (KRP) Apartemen Puncak Kertajaya sebesar 733 SRP (mobil) 790 SRP (motor), di Apartemen Dian Regency 171 (mobil) 252 (sepeda motor), dan di Apartemen East Coast Residence 299 (mobil) 149 (motor). Jumlah ini selanjutnya digunakan sebagai jumlah petak minimum yang harus disediakan dalam perancangan layout gedung parkir mobil dan motor apartemen. Proses perancangan lahan dan gedung parkir difokuskan pada kelancaran sirkulasi internal dan eksternal kendaraan. Dari pengkajian karakteristik parkir dan perancangan layout gedung parkir didapat kesimpulan antara lain: 1) Akumulasi maksimum yang terjadi di kedua lokasi studi pelataran parkir yaitu di Apartemen Puncak kertajaya dan Apartemen Dian Regency lebih besar daripada kapasitas parkir yang ada 2) Karakteristik durasi parkir dari setiap pelataran parkir berbeda-beda dengan kecenderungan long-term parkir berdurasi 8-12 jam; 3) indeks parkir maksimum di masing-masing lokasi studi adalah : di Apartemen Puncak Kertajaya sebesar 137.6% (mobil) 130.78% (motor), di Apartemen Dian Regency sebesar 108.33% (mobil) 164.75% (motor), dan di Apartemen East Coast Residence 71.69% (mobil) 88.24% (motor).; 6) Layout pembukaan lahan parkir dan desain gedung parkir baru yang dirancang berupa gedung berlantai dengan konfigurasi parkir tegak lurus dengan ramp penghubung antar lantai. Komparasi KRP aktual dengan peraturan KRP yang diberlakukan oleh Pemkot Surabaya, Bedford Borough Council UK dan The City of Houston Texas Government US menunjukkan bahwa KRP aktual melebihi ketentuan Pemkot Surabaya namun lebih rendah dari ketentuan stanndar asing baik dari Amerika Serikat maupun Inggris, sehingga ketentuan parkir lokal (Pemkot Surabaya) perlu disesuaikan lagi. ============================================================================================== The apartment is one of the most popular residential centers in Surabaya, East Java as the second largest city in Indonesia. Provision of parking facilities in safe and comfortable apartments is needed in line with the increasing needs o f property in big cities such as Surabaya which impact on rising pattern of the rise and increasing number of private vehicle owners of visitors and occupants of both the two - wheeled and four - wheeled apartment. Handling of the problem requires the provisio n of adequate parking space and the determination of the proper form of parking pattern on the existing parking lot, where the demand for parking space (demand) and the required infrastructure (supply) must be balanced and adjusted to the parking character istics. The purpose of this final project is to design the layout of the apartment parking building in accordance with the needs, as well as proposed refinement of regulations that apply to buildings with the function of a flat or apartment. The need for p arking of apartments is obtained by the maximum accumulation method, which is obtained from the on - street parking patrol survey. Surveys are carried out during effective days and holidays. From the results of survey data processing, parking space requireme nts ( PSR ) of Puncak Kertajaya Apartment is reached 733 SRP (car) 790 SRP (motorbike), in Apartment Dian Regency 171 (car) 252 (motorbike), and in Apartment East Coast Residence 299 (Car) 149 (motorbike). This amount is then used as the minimum number of xi pl ots that must be provided in the design of the layout of the car and motorcycle apartment building. The process of designing land and parking buildings focused on the smooth circulation of internal and external vehicles. From the assessment of the characte ristics of parking and design of the layout of the parking building obtained conclusion, among others: 1) The maximum accumulation that occurred in the two study locations of the parking lot in Apartment Puncak kertajaya and Apartment Dian Regency larger t han the existing parking capacity 2) Characteristics of parking duration of each court Parking differs from a long - term parking trend of 8 - 12 hours; 3) the maximum parking index in each study location is: in Puncak Kertajaya Apartment 137.6% (car) 130.78% (motor bike ), in Apartment Dian Regency of 108.33% (car) 164.75% (motor bike ), and in Apartment East Coast Residence 71.69% (car) 88.24% (motor bike ); 6) Layout of opening of parking lot and design of new parking building which is designed in the form of floo red building with parking configuration perpendicular with ramp connecting between floors. The actual PSR comparison with P SR regulations enacted by the Surabaya City Government, Bedford Borough Council UK and The City of Houston Texas Government US indica tes that the actual P SR exceeds the provisions of the Surabaya City Government but is lower than the foreign stanndar requirements of both the United States and the UK, (Pemkot Surabaya) needs to be adjusted again. Keywords: Parking, Parking Characteristi c , Parking Space Requirement (PSR), PSR Standard

Item Type: Thesis (Undergraduate)
Uncontrolled Keywords: Parkir, Karakteristik parkir, Kebutuhan ruang parkir (KRP), Standar SRP, Parking characteristic, Parking space requirement (PSR), PSR standard
Subjects: T Technology > TA Engineering (General). Civil engineering (General)
T Technology > TE Highway engineering. Roads and pavements > TE7 Transportation--Planning
Divisions: Faculty of Vocational
Depositing User: Handaru Alfiansyah Putra
Date Deposited: 12 Oct 2017 03:51
Last Modified: 03 Jan 2018 04:45
URI: http://repository.its.ac.id/id/eprint/45381

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