Studi Dan Pemodelan Penyediaan Energi Di Pulau Moti Kota Ternate Berbasis Energi Terbarukan

Kahar, Bahrud (2016) Studi Dan Pemodelan Penyediaan Energi Di Pulau Moti Kota Ternate Berbasis Energi Terbarukan. Masters thesis, Institut Teknologi Sepuluh Nopember.

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Abstract

Sampai saat ini di provinsi Maluku Utara khususnya dalam wilayah Kota Ternate karena kondisi geografis, elektrifikasi bagi pulau-pulau di luar Pulau Ternate menjadi tidak merata dan belum dapat memenuhi kebutuhan listrik secara keseluruhan. Seperti halnya Pulau Moti sebagai salah satu kecamatan di Kota Ternate, pengoperasian generator diesel hanya sebatas pada malam hari yaitu jam 18:30 – 23:00 WIT atau 4,5 jam/hari. Selain tingginya biaya operasional generator diesel terutama biaya bahan bakarnya juga faktor ketersediaan dan mahalnya suku cadang menjadi persoalan utama dari pengoperasian generator diesel tersebut. Studi ini mengusulkan model konfigurasi Pembangkit Listrik Hibrida (PLH) di Pulau Moti antara generator diesel dan energi terbarukan sebagai solusi untuk memenuhi kebutuhan energi listrik 24 jam, karena Pulau Moti memiliki potensi energi radiasi matahari rata-rata pertahun sebesar 5,96 kWh/m2/hari dan kecepatan angin rata-rata pertahun sebesar 3,8 m/s. Perhitungan potensi energi terbarukan yang potensial dan model konfigurasi pembangkit listrik hibrida yang optimal menggunakan software HOMER (Hybrid Optimization Model for Energy Renewable). Hasil simulasi memberikan model konfigurasi pembangkit listrik hibrida yang optimal pilihan pertama yaitu: konfigurasi PV(50%) + Diesel(50%) dengan nilai NPC terendah sebesar US$ 1.531.546 dan pemakaian bahan bakar per tahun lebih irit 47,1% dari pemakaian bahan bakar saat ini di Pulau Moti, dan konfigurasi alternatif pilihan kedua yaitu: konfigurasi PV(70%) + Diesel(30%) dengan nilai NPC sebesar US$ 1.577.512 dan juga pemakaian bahan bakar per tahunnya lebih irit 64,3%. ======================================================================================================================== Until now in North Moluccas province, especially in the district of Ternate city due to geographical conditions, electrification for the islands outside of Ternate be uneven and can not meet the overall demand for electricity. As well as Moti Island is one of the sub-districts of Ternate city, the operation of diesel generators was limited at night which hours 18:30 to 23:00, or 4.5 hours/day. The main problem is the high operating cost of diesel generator, especially of the fuel cost, availability and the high cost of spare parts. This study proposes a configuration models of hybrid power generation system on the Moti island between diesel generators and renewable energy as a solution to meet the electricity needs for 24 hours, because the Moti island has a energy of annual average solar radiation of 5.96 kWh/m2/day and annual average wind speed of 3.8 m/s. Calculation and optimized for the potential of renewable energy and configurations models of hybrid power generation system using software HOMER (Hybrid Optimization Model for Renewable Energy). The simulation results provide a configuration models of the optimal hybrid power plant is the first option: PV (50%) + Diesel (50%) configuration, with the NPC lowest value is US $ 1,531,546 and more efficient fuel consumption per year 47.1% of the fuel consumption on the moti island for this time, And the second option is an alternative configuration: PV (70%) + Diesel (30%) configuration, with a NPC value is US $ 1,577,512 and also more has efficient fuel consumption per year 64.3%.

Item Type: Thesis (Masters)
Additional Information: RTF 621.312 136 Kah s
Uncontrolled Keywords: Potensi Energi, Pembangkit Listrik Hibrida, Pulau Moti.
Subjects: T Technology > TK Electrical engineering. Electronics Nuclear engineering > TK201 Electric Power Transmission
Divisions: Faculty of Industrial Technology > Physics Engineering > (S2) Master Theses
Depositing User: Mrs Ansi Aflacha
Date Deposited: 28 Aug 2017 03:01
Last Modified: 28 Aug 2017 03:01
URI: http://repository.its.ac.id/id/eprint/48527

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