Analisis Penentuan Tarif Air Minum PDAM Kabupaten Lamongan Pada SPAM Regional Mojolamong

., istichori (2018) Analisis Penentuan Tarif Air Minum PDAM Kabupaten Lamongan Pada SPAM Regional Mojolamong. Masters thesis, Institut Teknologi Sepuluh Nopember.

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Abstract

Penyediaan air minum diwilayah Kabupaten Lamongan bagian selatan yaitu Kecamatan Mantup (Desa Mantup), Kecamatan Tikung (Desa Takeranklating dan Desa Bakalanpule), dan Kecamatan Kembangbahu (Desa Puter) akan dilayani oleh PDAM dari SPAM Regional Mojolamong. Wilayah tersebut merupakan wilayah perdesaan dengan 70% penduduknya memperoleh air minum dari sumur atau sumber air alternatif lainnya, sedangkan 30% lainnya memperoleh pelayanan air minum dari Hippam desa. PDAM Kabupaten Lamongan membeli air curah (air olahan) pada SPAM Regional Mojolamong kemudian disitribusikan kepada masyarakat. Penentuan tarif air minum berdasarkan prinsip pemulihan biaya penuh (full cost recovery) seringkali sangat tinggi sehingga membebani masyarakat pelanggan yang memiliki daya beli rendah. Penelitian ini bertujuan merumuskan penentuan tarif air minum PDAM Lamongan yang berdasarkan Peraturan Menteri Dalam Negeri Nomor 71 tahun 2016 dengan mempertimbangkan preferensi eksisting masyarakat dari sumber non PDAM serta kemampuan membayar (ability to pay) dan kesediaan membayar (willingness to pay) dari masyarakat. Pada penelitian ini dilakukan analisis penentuan tarif air minum PDAM Lamongan dengan prinsip full cost recovery yang menggunakan data sekunder dari beberapa stakeholder terkait antara lain data peraturan dan perundangan mengenai penetapan tarif air minum, profil serta program pengembangan PDAM Lamongan. Selain itu, dilakukan analisis preferensi eksisting masyarakat terhadap penyediaan air minum non PDAM, analisis kemampuan membayar (ability to pay) dan kesediaan membayar (willingness to pay) air minum masyarakat yang menggunakan data primer melalui penyebaran kuesioner kepada 67 responden (sampel) dari jumlah populasi 18.043 meliputi tingkat pendapatan, tingkat pengeluaran untuk air bersih, dan tingkat pemakaian air bersih masyarakat. Hasil penelitian menunjukkan bahwa besaran tarif air minum berdasarkan prinsip full cost recovery dengan MARR sebesar 9,48% diperoleh nilai NPV sebesar Rp.2.876.367.948 (NPV>0), nilai IRR sebesar 10,74% (IRR≥MARR), serta Payback Period selama 19 tahun pada besaran tarif sebesar Rp.3.700/m3. Besaran tarif air minum berdasarkan preferensi eksisting masyarakat dari sumber non PDAM sebesar Rp.2.700/m3, berdasarkan kemampuan membayar (ability to pay) sebesar Rp.1.750/m3, dan berdasarkan kesediaan membayar (willingness to pay) sebesar Rp.2.100/m3. Perumusan hasil analisis dengan pertimbangan aspek operator (PDAM), masyarakat (pelanggan), dan pemerintah (regulator) diperoleh besaran tarif yang ideal sebesar Rp.2.700/m3. ============= Water supply in southern part of Lamongan Regency, i.e. Mantup District (Mantup Village), Tikung District (Takeranklating and Bakalanpule Village), and Kembangbahu District (Puter Village) will be served by PDAM from Mojolamong Regional Water Supply System. About 70% villagers in these rural area use groundwater well and the others 30% get their water from Hippam. PDAM of Lamongan Regency purchased treated water from Mojolamong Regional Water Supply System and then distribute it to the customer. The determination of water tarrif based on full cost recovery are often too expensive for rural society that have low purchasing ability. This studi is aimed to determine water tarrif for PDAM of Lamongan based on the Home Affairs Ministerial Regulation Number 71 Year 2016, by considering several things, i.e preference of existing non PDAM water users, the ability to pay and the willingness to pay of customers. This study analyzed the estimation of water tarrif in PDAM of Lamongan with full cost recovery principle that used secondary data from several related stakeholders, i.e. regulation literatures of water tariff determination, PDAM of Lamongan profiles, and Its development programs. Furthermore, the study analyzed people existing preference to non PDAM water suppliers, and measuring the ability to pay and willingess to pay of society on water purchasing. Analysis process used questionaires survey on the level of household income, water consumption and water expenditure. A total of 67 sampel respondens are selected from 18,043 population people. The study result shows that the water tariff rate based on full cost recovery principle with 9.48% of MARR generated NPV value in a number of Rp.2,876,367,948 (NPV>0), IRR value at 10.74% (IRR≥MARR), and Payback Period is determined with water tariff at Rp.3,700/m3 through 19 years operation. Water tariff from several consideration are found at the value of Rp.2,700/m3 (based on the preference of non PDAM existing customer), Rp.1,750/m3 (based on ability to pay) and Rp.2,100/m3 (based on willingness to pay). Therefore, the final formulation of water tariff rate with related consideration, i.e. operator aspect (PDAM), customer, and government (regulator), resulting the ideal water tariff at Rp.2,700/m3.

Item Type: Thesis (Masters)
Uncontrolled Keywords: tarif air minum; PDAM; Kabupaten Lamongan; full cost recovery; willingness to pay; ability to pay
Subjects: H Social Sciences > HD Industries. Land use. Labor > HD30.23 Decision making. Business requirements analysis.
H Social Sciences > HF Commerce > HF1916 Tariff
T Technology > TA Engineering (General). Civil engineering (General)
Divisions: Faculty of Civil Engineering and Planning > Civil Engineering > (S2) Master Theses
Depositing User: Istichori .
Date Deposited: 08 Mar 2018 07:39
Last Modified: 08 Mar 2018 07:39
URI: http://repository.its.ac.id/id/eprint/49940

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