Produksi Bahan Bakar Cair Dari Limbah Plastik PP Dan Ko-Reaktan Biodiesel Minyak Jelantah Menggunakan Metode Konversi Katalitik

., Rifaldi (2018) Produksi Bahan Bakar Cair Dari Limbah Plastik PP Dan Ko-Reaktan Biodiesel Minyak Jelantah Menggunakan Metode Konversi Katalitik. Undergraduate thesis, Institut Teknologi Sepuluh Nopember.

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Abstract

Telah dilakukan produksi bahan bakar cair dari limbah plastik PP dan ko-reaktan biodiesel minyak jelantah menggunakan metode konversi katalitik. Perbandingan % volume plastik dengan biodiesel minyak jelantah diterapkan pada volume total 300 mL. Variasi yang digunakan dari plastik 100% hingga 40% sebagai reaktan dengan ko-reaktan biodiesel minyak jelantah. Katalis Al-MCM-41 : Keramik (7:3) dikarakterisasi dengan XRD, SEM, dan Adsorpsi – Desorpsi N2. Puncak XRD menunjukkan keramik tidak merusak struktur krital dari Al-MCM-41. Pada gambar SEM keramik dan Al-MCM-41 bercampur sempurna. Penambahan keramik pada Al-MCM-41 meningkatkan luas permukaan, volume pori, dan diameter pori. Fraksi hidrokarbon (C7-C20) pada variasi P40 didapatkan 52,72% merupakan variasi optimum karena memiliki nilai kalor lebih tinggi dibandingkan variasi P100. Karakteristik fisik bahan bakar cair yang dihasilkan memiliki densitas 0,7353 g/ml, titik nyala 14,2 oC, nilai kalor 14.474,15 Kal/g. Tidak dihasilkan senyawa aromatik, namun terjadi pembentukan senyawa yang tidak teridentifikasi yang meningkat sebanding dengan kandungan biodiesel jelantah. ============== Liquid fuels production from PP plastik waste and co-reactant of waste crude oil biodiesel using catalytic conversion has been performed. % Volume of plastic with biodiesel of waste cooking oil at a total volume of 300 mL. Variations are used from 100% to 40% plastics as reactants with co-reactants of waste cooking oil biodiesel. Catalyst Al-MCM-41: Ceramics (7: 3) characterized by XRD, SEM, and Adsorption - Desorption N2. The XRD peak indicates that ceramics do not devastate the crystal structure of Al-MCM-41. In the image of the ceramic SEM and Al-MCM-41 perfectly mixed. The addition of ceramics to Al-MCM-41 increases surface area, pore volume, and pore diameter. The hydrocarbon fraction (C7-C20) in the P40 variation obtained 52.72% of the optimum variation because it has a higher calorific value than the P100 variation. The physical characteristics of the resulting liquid fuels have a density of 0.7353 g / ml, flash point 14.2 C, 14.474.15 cal / g caloric. No aromatics are produced, but unidentified compounds has been formed that increases in proportion to the content of waste biodiesel.

Item Type: Thesis (Undergraduate)
Uncontrolled Keywords: liquid fuel; catalytic cracking; pp plastik; waste cooking oil biodiesel
Subjects: Q Science > QD Chemistry > QD501 Catalysis. Catalysts.
T Technology > TP Chemical technology > TP343 Liquid and gaseous fuel
Divisions: Faculty of Engineering, Science and Mathematics > School of Chemistry
Depositing User: Rifaldi -
Date Deposited: 30 Apr 2018 02:59
Last Modified: 30 Apr 2018 02:59
URI: http://repository.its.ac.id/id/eprint/51004

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