Optimasi Penjadwalan Karyawan Menggunakan Metode Goal Programming (Studi Kasus PT ABC)

Warman, Raka Ananta Adhitya (2018) Optimasi Penjadwalan Karyawan Menggunakan Metode Goal Programming (Studi Kasus PT ABC). Undergraduate thesis, Institut Teknologi Sepuluh Nopember.

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Abstract

Penjadwalan karyawan merupakan salah satu permasalahan di organisasi yang sulit dipecahkan. Jumlah permintaan yang sulit dikendalikan, karakteristik organisasi, adanya absen dan permintaan pribadi untuk libur, serta kualifikasi dan spesialisasi karyawan itu sendiri menjadi beberapa faktor mengapa penjadwalan karyawan sulit dilakukan, termasuk pembuatan jadwal untuk setiap karyawan kedalam jam kerja yang berbeda-beda dalam jangka pendek. Banyaknya faktor yang berbeda menyebabkan masalah penjadwalan karyawan begitu luas dan berbeda-beda disetiap kasus. Permasalahan ini sendiri bukanlah hal baru. Diluar negeri, penelitian tentang masalah ini telah banyak dilakukan dengan bermacam-macam pemodelan. Di Indonesia sendiri, masalah penjadwalan karyawan juga mulai diteliti untuk berbagai macam organisasi walaupun jumlahnya masih bisa dikatakan sedikit. Pada tugas akhir ini, akan dibahas tentang penggunaan Goal Programming (GP) untuk menyelesaikan masalah penjadwalan karyawan di PT ABC khususnya subdivisi x. Metode Goal Programming merupakan metode yang mampu menyelesaikan permasalahan multi objective. Metode ini sesuai dengan kondisi permasalahan penjadwalan pada PT ABC. Perencanaan optimasi penjadwalan ini bertujuan untuk meminimalkan jumlah kekurangan shift kerja serta hari libur setiap karyawan. Berdasarkan prioritas PT ABC, tujuan meminimalkan jumlah kekurangan shift kerja setiap karyawan memiliki prioritas lebih tinggi dibandingkan tujuan meminimalkan jumlah kekurangan hari libur setiap karyawan. Tugas akhir menghasilkan dua buah jadwal berdasarkan skenario 1 yang menggunakan metode preemptive serta skenario 2 yang menggunakan metode weights. Dua hasil jadwal tersebut telah memenuhi seluruh batasan yang diterapkan oleh perusahaan sehingga PT ABC dapat memilih salah satu hasil jadwal untuk diterapkan di subdivisi x. =============== Employees scheduling is one of the most difficult issues in the organization. The number of uncontrollable requests, organizational characteristics, absences, personal requests for holidays, as well as qualifications and specializations themselves are some of the factors why employeed scheduling is difficult. Including making schedules for each employee into different hours in the short run. The number of different factors causes employeses scheduling problems to be so wide-ranging and different in each case. This problem alone is not new. Research on this issue has been largely done abroad with a variety of modeling. In Indonesia, employees scheduling problems also began to be researched for various organizations although the number is still small. In this final project, we will discuss about the use of Goal Programming (GP) to solve employees scheduling problem in PT ABC especially subdivision x. The method of Goal Programming is a method capable of solving multi objective problems. This method is in accordance with the condition of scheduling problems in PT ABC. This scheduling optimization planning aims to minimize the number of work shifts and the day off shortage for each employee. Based on PT ABC's corporate priorities, the goal of minimizing the number of work shifts for each employee has a higher priority than the goal of minimizing the number of days off for each employee. The final project produced two schedules based on scenario 1 using preemptive method and scenario 2 using weights method. These two schedule have met all the constrains imposed by the company. PT ABC can choose one of the results to be applied in subdivision x.

Item Type: Thesis (Undergraduate)
Uncontrolled Keywords: Optimasi, Penjadwalan Karyawan, Multi Objective, Goal Programming, Optimization, Employees Scheduling, Multi Objective, Goal Programming
Subjects: H Social Sciences > HD Industries. Land use. Labor > HD69.T54 Time management. Scheduling
T Technology > T Technology (General)
T Technology > T Technology (General) > T57.6 Operations research--Mathematics. Goal programming
T Technology > T Technology (General) > T58.62 Decision support systems
Divisions: Faculty of Information and Communication Technology > Information Systems > (S1) Undergraduate Theses
Depositing User: Warman Raka Ananta Adhitya
Date Deposited: 22 Oct 2018 05:28
Last Modified: 22 Oct 2018 05:28
URI: http://repository.its.ac.id/id/eprint/52782

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