Investigasi kesiapan implementasi concurrent engineering pada devisi general engineering PT. PAL Indonesia (Persero)

Marconi, Argon faisal (2015) Investigasi kesiapan implementasi concurrent engineering pada devisi general engineering PT. PAL Indonesia (Persero). Undergraduate thesis, Institut Teknologi Sepuluh Nopember.

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Abstract

Divisi General Engineering PT PAL Indonesia (Persero) adalah sebuah divisi yang bergerak di bidang industri konstruksi. Permasalahan yang dialami divisi ini adalah keterlambatan jadwal yang disebabkan oleh keterlambatan pengiriman material, kurangnya koordinasi antar pihak-pihak terkait, kurangnya tenaga ahli, dan tingginya frekuensi perubahan desain. Faktor utama yang menyebabkan permasalahan tersebut adalah tingginya frekuensi perubahan desain. Dampak dari permasalahan tersebut adalah berkurangnya keuntungan sebesar 10- 20% dari total biaya produksi. Concurrent Engineering (CE) adalah sebuah metode yang dapat menyelesaikan permasalahan tersebut karena CE mengintegrasikan seluruh proses dalam sebuah proyek. CE dapat mengurangi 60- 95% engineering changes dan 60% kegagalan di lapangan. Sebelum dapat mengimplementasikan CE, ada beberapa langkah yang harus dilakukan. Langkah pertama adalah mengukur tingkat kesiapan perusahaan sebelum mengimplementasikan CE. Penelitian ini menggunakan BEACON Model yang dikembangkan oleh Khalfan (2000) untuk mengukur tingkat kesiapan implementasi CE di industri konstruksi. Model ini mengukur kesiapan perusahaan pada 4 element, proses, manusia, proyek dan teknologi. Hasil pengukuran dari Divisi General Engineering PT PAL Indonesia (Persero) menunjukkan bahwa divisi ini belum sepenuhnya siap untuk mengimplementasikan CE karena terdapat beberapa bagian yang memiliki nilai di bawah 60% (Characterized level). Walaupun nilai rata-rata totalnya adalah 74,65%. Divisi ini perlu memperbaiki bagian yang memiliki nilai terendah yaitu team in organization (58%) dan integration support (53%). Saran perbaikan untuk meningkatkan bagian team in organization adalah mengimplementasikan sistem penghargaan individu dengan cara “personal recognition”. Alternatif dari penghargaan tersebut adalah team member of the month, thank you card dan ucapan selamat langsung dari manajemen. Untuk bagian integration support, alternatif perbaikannya adalah mengimplementasikan SAP R/3 dan Lightweight Access Directory Protocol (LDAP). ========== General Engineering Division of PT. PAL Indonesia (Persero) is a division that has business process in construction sector. This division experienced problems, which were schedule lateness due to late material delivery, low coordination between project stakeholders, inadequate expert and high frequency of design change. The main factor that caused the problem is high frequency of design change. The impact of the problem is 10-20% loss profit of total production cost. Concurrent Engineering (CE) is one of method that can solve that problem because it provides integration in the whole process of a project. It can reduce 60-95% engineering changes and 60% field failure rate. However before implementing CE, there are several steps that should be followed. The initial step is to ensure readiness of a company before implementing CE or readiness assessment. This research used BEACON Model that has developed by Khalfan (2000) to assess the readiness level of CE implementation in construction companies. This model assesses a company readiness in four elements, which are process, people, project and technology. The assessment result for General Engineering Division of PT PAL Indonesia (Persero) readiness show that this division is not fully ready to implement CE because there are some parts of element that have average score below 60% (Characterized level). Even though total average score is 74.65%. This division needs to improve the parts with lowest value which are team in organization (58%) and integration support (53%). The improvement suggestion to improve team in organization part is implement individual reward system through personal recognition. The alternatives of the reward are team member of the month, thank you card and top management directly congratulate to their employee for doing the job well. For integration support the improvement suggestion is implement advanced IT system which the alternatives are SAP R/3 and Lightweight Access Directory Protocol (LDAP).

Item Type: Thesis (Undergraduate)
Additional Information: RSI 620.004 Mar i
Uncontrolled Keywords: BEACON Model, Concurrent Engineering, Industri Konstruksi, Readiness Assessment, Concurrent Engineering, Construction Industry
Subjects: T Technology > T Technology (General) > T56.8 Project Management
Divisions: Faculty of Industrial Technology > Industrial Engineering > (S1) Undergraduate Theses
Depositing User: - Davi Wah
Date Deposited: 14 Mar 2019 06:54
Last Modified: 14 Mar 2019 06:54
URI: http://repository.its.ac.id/id/eprint/62503

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