Konsep Pengembangan Transit Oriented Development Di Kawasan Transit Stasiun Sidoarjo

Isa, Muhammad Hidayat (2015) Konsep Pengembangan Transit Oriented Development Di Kawasan Transit Stasiun Sidoarjo. Masters thesis, Institut Teknology Sepuluh Nopember.

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Abstract

Pemecahan masalah kemacetan lalu lintas telah mengarah pada strategi inovatif dengan konsep Transit Oriented Development (TOD). Konsep ini mengusung integrasi antara kegiatan yang berkembang di suatu kawasan dengan titik transit yang melayaninya (pendekatan sistemik). Untuk koridor Surabaya- Sidoarjo, pergerakan kendaraan pribadi yang tinggi menyebakan kemacetan. Upaya penanganan yang ada masih terfokus pada peningkatan kapasitas jaringan jalan yang bersifat parsial dan temporal. Dalam jangka panjang hal ini akan tetap menimbulkan masalah. Pengembangan angkutan massal di koridor Surabaya- Sidoarjo di sisi Surabaya, kawasan transitnya sudah dalam tahapan perencanaan mengusung konsep TOD. Oleh karenanya, perlu dilakukan penelitian yang mengkaji TOD di sisi Sidoarjo terutama di kawasan transit Stasiun Sidoarjo yang memiliki bangkitan pergerakan penumpang tertinggi di koridor Surabaya- Sidoarjo. Untuk mencapai tujuan tersebut, dilakukan tiga sasaran penelitian, yaitu: menentukan jenis TOD dengan menggunakan teknik analisis statistik deskriptif, menganalisis kinerja TOD dengan menggunakan teknik analisis statistik deskriptif dan analisa walkthrough dan merumuskan konsep pengembangan TOD dengan teknik analisis triangulasi. Hasil analisis menunjukkan bahwa Stasiun Sidoarjo berada di level community centers TOD yang dilayani oleh kereta api (heavy rail) sebagai moda utamanya. Kinerja kawasan transit ini sebagai kawasan TOD relatif rendah yaitu 23,5%. Dalam upaya meningkatkan kinerja, dirumuskanlah lima konsep pengembangan TOD di kawasan transit Stasiun Sidoarjo yang diklasifikasikan berdasarkan tiga aspek. Aspek transportasi meliputi konsep optimalisasi pola jaringan jalan dan blok kawasan; dan penerapan manajemen lahan parkir yang ketat dan integrasi antar moda pendukung dan moda utama. Aspek pola penggunaan lahan melalui konsep optimalisasi keberagaman dan kepadatan penggunaan lahan. Aspek desain kawasan yang ramah bagi kendaraan nonbermotor melalui konsep optimalisasi prasarana dan sarana jalur pejalan kaki yang nyaman dan atraktif dan penyediaan fasilitas bersepeda yang aman dan nyaman di kawasan transit Stasiun Sidoarjo. ======================================================================================================== The solving of traffic congestion has led to innovative strategies that promote the integration of transport system through the concept of Transit Oriented Development (TOD). TOD is a concept that conveys integration activities that develops in an area with a transit point that serves them (systemic approach). For Surabaya-Sidoarjo corridors, the high use of private vehicles causes congestion problems. The solutions are focused on the enhancement of the capacity of the road network which are partial and temporal. In the long term it will continue to cause problems. For the development of mass transit in Surabaya- Sidoarjo corridor, specifically on the side of Surabaya, the transit area is already in the planning stages and brings the concept of TOD. Therefore, it is necessary to study and examine TOD in Sidoarjo side, especially in the transit area of Sidoarjo station, which has the highest passenger movement in the Surabaya-Sidoarjo corridor. To achieve the objectives of the study, there are three research targets, namely determining the type of TOD using descriptive statistical analysis techniques, analyzing the performance of TOD using descriptive statistical analysis techniques and analysis walkthrough, and formulating TOD development concept using triangulation analysis techniques. The analysis showed that Sidoarjo Station is TOD community centers served by heavy rails as its main mode. The performance of transit area of Sidoarjo station as TOD region is relatively low at 23.5%. To increase the performance, five TOD concept developments in the transit area of Sidoarjo Station are formulated and classified on three aspects. First transportation aspect consists of optimization of the pattern of the road network and regional blocks; and implementation of strict management of parking lots and integration of the supporting modes and the main mode in this transit area. Land use aspect is optimization of the diversity and density of land use. Non-motorized friendly design consists of optimization of infrastructure and facilities for a comfortable and attractive pedestrian path; and provision of safe and comfortable cycling facilities in transit area of Sidoarjo Station.

Item Type: Thesis (Masters)
Additional Information: RTA 388.4 Isa k
Uncontrolled Keywords: Kinerja Kawasan, Transit Oriented Development
Subjects: T Technology > TH Building construction > TH438 Construction industry--Management. Project management.
Divisions: Faculty of Architecture, Design, and Planning > Architecture > 23101-(S2) Master Thesis
Depositing User: Mr. Tondo Indra Nyata
Date Deposited: 18 Nov 2019 02:56
Last Modified: 18 Nov 2019 02:56
URI: http://repository.its.ac.id/id/eprint/71838

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