Analisis Beban Kerja Menggunakan Pendekatan Calory Expenditure Dan Evaluasi Postur Tubuh Dengan Rapid Entire Body Assessment (Reba)

Filaili, Rahmadita (2016) Analisis Beban Kerja Menggunakan Pendekatan Calory Expenditure Dan Evaluasi Postur Tubuh Dengan Rapid Entire Body Assessment (Reba). Undergraduate thesis, Institut Teknologi Sepuluh Nopember Surabaya.

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Abstract

Sumber Daya Manusia (SDM) merupakan salah satu unsur penting di dalam suatu perusahaan dalam mengembangkan sebuah bisnis. Sebuah perusahaan penting untuk melakukan perencanaan sumber daya manusia seperti mengatur alokasi beban kerja. Ketidakseimbangan beban kerja dapat menyebabkan kinerja pekerja menjadi tidak optimal. Penelitian ini bertujuan untuk mengukur beban kerja operator lini pengemasan PT. X berdasarkan calory expenditure. Evaluasi postur tubuh operator saat melakukan aktivitas kerja juga dilakukan untuk mengoptimalkan perhitungan beban kerja. Hasil pengukuran beban kerja berdasarkan calory expenditure menunjukkan bahwa 3 operator memiliki beban kerja ringan, sedangkan 3 operator lain termasuk dalam kategori normal. Hasil tersebut berbeda dengan hasil beban kerja subjektif NASA TLX sebagai dugaan awal. Beban kerja berdasarkan NASA berada pada kategori normal dan tinggi. Adapun nilai calory expenditure untuk operator cartoning, fitter, end of line, stamping, acma, dan case packer berturut-turut adalah 147,26 Kkal/jam; 147,17 Kkal/jam; 153,14 Kkal/jam; 216,87 Kkal/jam; 263,75 Kkal/jam; dan 214,70 Kkal/jam. Hasil evaluasi postur tubuh dengan REBA menunjukkan terdapat 5 operasi kerja yang memiliki tingkat risiko tinggi dan sangat tinggi. Operasi kerja tersebut adalah picking fib carton, feeding fib to casepack machine, replacing film wrapper, weighting tablet, dan replacing wrapper & stiffener. Pengurangan jumlah operator dalam 1 lini pengemasan dapat dilakukan dengan menggunakan alat bantu agar beban postur tubuh operator menjadi lebih ringan. =========================================================== Human Resource has an important contribution in business development and operations. Prior planning of human resource such as managing allocation for the workload is necessary for a company. The imbalance of workload could potentially detract the labor performances. This research measures the workload of packaging-line operator of PT. X based on calory expenditure. Evaluation for the operator’s body posture is done to achieve the optimum workload. The results showed that three of packaging-line operators performed lighter workloads while the other three operatosr have normal workload. This results showed the differences from subjective workload NASA TLX results. NASA TLX shows four packageline operator have normal amount of workloads while others operator have higher workloads. The calory expenditure for the operators of Cartoning, Fitter, End of Line, Stamping, Acma, dan Case Packer are 147.26 Kcal/hour, 147.17 Kcal/hour, 153.14 Kcal/hour, 216.87 Kcal/hour, 263.75 Kcal/hour, and 214.70 Kcal/hour respectively. The result from the evaluation of the operators’ body posture using REBA showed that five work-operations are in high risk of musculoskeletal disorders. These work-elements in high risk are: picking fib carton, feeding fib to casepack machine, replacing film wrapper, weighting tablet, dan replacing wrapper & stiffener. Reducing the number of operators in 1 packaging-line might be implemented in collaboration of applying the tools that help rectifying the operator’s body posture.

Item Type: Thesis (Undergraduate)
Additional Information: RSI 658.306 Fil a
Uncontrolled Keywords: Beban Kerja, Calory Expenditure, Postur Tubuh, REBA, NASA TLX
Subjects: H Social Sciences > HB Economic Theory > HB801 Consumer behavior.
Divisions: Faculty of Industrial Technology > Industrial Engineering > 26201-(S1) Undergraduate Thesis
Depositing User: EKO BUDI RAHARJO
Date Deposited: 12 Dec 2019 08:42
Last Modified: 12 Dec 2019 08:42
URI: http://repository.its.ac.id/id/eprint/72361

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