Arahan Pengembangan Desa Tertinggal Kabupaten Bondowoso Berdasarkan Aspek Sosial, Ekonomi, Dan Infrastruktur

Puspasari, Amelia (2016) Arahan Pengembangan Desa Tertinggal Kabupaten Bondowoso Berdasarkan Aspek Sosial, Ekonomi, Dan Infrastruktur. Undergraduate thesis, Institut Teknologi Sepuluh Nopember Surabaya.

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Abstract

Kabupaten Bondowoso merupakan salah satu kabupaten tertinggal di Provinsi Jawa Timur berdasarkan RPJMN tahun 2015- 2019. Selain itu, terdapat kesenjangan antara nasional dan kabupaten sehingga perlu dilakukan identifikasi dan pengembangan desa tertinggal di Kabupaten Bondowoso. Permasalahan rendahnya kualitas dari Sumber Daya Manusia (SDM), pelayanan infrastruktur dasar yang belum memadai antara desa satu dengan desa lainnya, dan permasalahan tingginya angka kemiskinan yang terjadi di Kabupaten Bondowoso sehingga untuk mengatasi hal tersebut dilakukan arahan pengembangan desa tertinggal Kabupaten Bondowoso berdasarkan aspek sosial, ekonomi, dan infrastruktur. Penelitian ini bertujuan untuk merumuskan arahan pegembangan desa tertinggal di Kabupaten Bondowoso berdasarkan aspek sosial, ekonomi, dan infrastruktur. Penelitian ini menggunakan teori pegembangan wilayah, pengembangan daerah tertinggal, dan pembangunan perdesaan dengan menggunakan Analisis Faktor Eksplanatory untuk menentukan faktor yang berpengaruh terhadap ketertinggalan desa, Analisis Biplot digunakan untuk tipologi desa tertinggal berdasarkan aspek sosial, ekonomi, serta infrastruktur, dan Analisis Deskripsi digunakan untuk merumuskan arahan pengembangan desa tertinggal berdasarkan aspek-aspek yang diprioritaskan. Dari hasil penelitian terdapat empat faktor yang berpengaruh terhadap ketertinggalan desa di Kabupaten Bondowoso yaitu faktor kualitas SDM, perekonomian masyarakat, kondisi infrastruktur sosial, kondisi infrastruktur ekonomi. Berdasarkan hasil tipologi desa terdapat 95 desa tertinggal di vi Kabupaten Bondowoso yang terbagi menjadi 3 tipologi. Tipologi A sebanyak 9 desa, Tipologi B sebanyak 59 desa, dan Tipologi C sebanyak 27 desa. Arahan tipologi A peningkatan salah satu aspek SDM dan infrastruktur sosial atau perekonomian dan infrastruktur ekonomi. Arahan tipologi B peningkatan salah satu aspek SDM dan infrastruktur sosial dan atau perekonomian dan infrastruktur ekonomi. Arahan tipologi C peningkatan aspek SDM dan infrastruktur sosial serta perekonomian dan infrastruktur ekonomi. ========================================================= Bondowoso is one of underdeveloped Regencies in East Java Province based on RPJMN in year 2015-2019. In addition, there is discrepancy between National and Regency o that identification and development of underdeveloped villages in Bondowoso are significantly needed. This direction is aimed at overcoming problems such as the low quality of human resources, the insufficient basic infrastructure services between one village and another and the high rate of poverty. This study aims to formulate the direction of development of underdeveloped village in Bondowoso Regency based on social, economic, and infrastructure aspects. It uses a territorial development theory, development of underdeveloped areas, and development of village by using Explanatory Factor Analysis to determine factors which affect the village backwardness. Biplot Analysis is used for underdeveloped village typology based on social, economic, and infrastructure aspects, and Descriptive Analysis is used to formulate the direction of underdeveloped village development based on the prioritized aspects. From the findings, there are four causes of village backwardness in Bondowoso Regency, namely the quality factors of human resources, economy of community, social infrastructure conditions, and economic infrastructure conditions. Based on the result of village typology, these are 95 underdeveloped villages in Bondowoso Regency divided into 3 typologies. A typology is of as many as 9 villages, B typology is 59 villages while C typology is 27 villages. For the direction of A typology, it is an improvement of one of human resources aspects and social infrastructure or economy and economic infrastructure. For B typology, it is an improvement viii of one of human resources aspects and or social infrastructure or economy and economic infrastructure. For C typology, it is an improvement aspects of human resources and social infrastructure, economy and economic infrastructure.

Item Type: Thesis (Undergraduate)
Additional Information: RSPW 711.4 Pus a-1
Uncontrolled Keywords: pengembangan desa, desa tertinggal, sosial, ekonomi, infrastruktur
Subjects: N Fine Arts > NA Architecture > NA9053 City planning
Divisions: Faculty of Civil Engineering and Planning > Regional and Urban Planning > 35201-(S1) Undergraduate Thesis
Depositing User: EKO BUDI RAHARJO
Date Deposited: 03 Jan 2020 08:02
Last Modified: 03 Jan 2020 08:02
URI: http://repository.its.ac.id/id/eprint/72524

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