Keanekaragaman Burung Polinator Dan Pemencar Biji Di Taman Keanekaragaman Hayati Provinsi Jawa Timur

Adam, Zaki (2020) Keanekaragaman Burung Polinator Dan Pemencar Biji Di Taman Keanekaragaman Hayati Provinsi Jawa Timur. Undergraduate thesis, Institut Teknologi Sepuluh Nopember.

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Abstract

Taman Kehati adalah suatu kawasan pencadangan sumber daya alam hayati lokal di luar kawasan hutan yang mempunyai fungsi konservasi, khususnya bagi tumbuhan yang penyerbukan dan/atau pemencaran bijinya harus dibantu oleh satwa. Untuk mengetahui daya dukung lingkungan, perlu dilakukan suatu pengujian berdasarkan indikator biologis, dalam hal ini burung polinator dan pemencar biji. Penelitian ini bertujuan untuk mengetahui keanekaragaman dan daya dukung lingkungan terhadap burung polinator dan pemencar biji. Metode yang digunakan dalam penelitian ini yaitu menggunakan Indeks keanekaragaman Shannon-Wienner (H’) dan penghitungan persentase kelompok pakan yang berperan dalam proses polinasi dan pemencaran biji.Data yang digunakan adalah data sekunder berisi kelimpahan burung hasil pemantauan yang dilakukan pada tahun 2016 hingga 2019. Lokasi pengamatan dilakukan di Blok I dan Blok VIII Taman Kehati Provinsi Jawa Timur. Hasil dari penelitian ini menunjukkan bahwa ditemukan 35 spesies burung dengan tingkat keanekaragaman ‘sedang’ (H’ antara 2,558 hingga 2,660) dengan 8 jenis feeding guild. Terdapat 14 spesies burung polinator dan pemencar biji, dengan spesies dominan Cucak kutilang yang termasuk frugivora dan Tekukur biasa yang termasuk granivora. Dari 44 famili tumbuhan yang ditemukan, 23 famili merupakan sumber makanan potensial bagi burung pollinator dan pemencar biji, diantaranya famili Moraceae, Fabaceae dan Poaceae. Kata kunci: Burung, Keanekaragaman, Polinator, Pemencar Biji, Taman Kehati Jawa Timur. ======================================================================================= Biodiversity Park is a reserve area for natural biological resources outside the forest area that has an in-situ and / or ex-situ conservation function, especially for plants that pollinate and / or scatter their seeds must be assisted by animals. To determine the carrying capacity of the environment, it is necessary to do a test based on biological indicators, in this case birds pollinators and seed dispersers. This study aims to determine the diversity and environmental carrying capacity of birds that play a role in the process of pollination and seed dispersal. The method used in this research is to use the Shannon-Wienner diversity index (H ') and the calculation of the percentage of feed groups that play a role in the process of pollination and seed dispersal. The data used are secondary data containing serial data on bird abundance from monitoring conducted in 2016 until 2019. Location observations were made in Block I and Block VIII Taman Kehati, East Java Province. The results of this study indicate that found 35 species of birds with a level of diversity 'moderate' (H' value between 2.558 to 2.660) with 8 types of feeding guild. There are 14 species of bird pollinators and seed dispersers, with the dominant species were Sooty-headed bulbul as frugivores and Spotted dove belongs to granivores bird. Of the 44 plant families found, 23 are a potential food source for pollinators and seed dispersers, including the Moraceae, Fabaceae and Poaceae families. Keywords: Birds, Diversity, Pollinators, Seed Disperser, East JavaaBiodiversitycPark.

Item Type: Thesis (Undergraduate)
Uncontrolled Keywords: Burung, Keanekaragaman, Polinator, Pemencar Biji, Taman Kehati Jawa Timur, Birds, Diversity, Pollinators, Seed Disperser, East Java Biodiversity Park.
Subjects: Q Science > QH Biology
Q Science > QH Biology > QH301 Biology
Q Science > QH Biology > QH541 Ecology
Q Science > QH Biology > QH75 Nature conservation. Landscape protection. Biodiversity conservation. Endangered species and ecosystems (General). Habitat conservation. Ecosystem management. Conservation biology
Divisions: Faculty of Science and Data Analytics (SCIENTICS) > Biology > 46201-(S1) Undergraduate Thesis
Depositing User: Zaki Adam
Date Deposited: 24 Aug 2020 02:03
Last Modified: 24 Aug 2020 02:03
URI: http://repository.its.ac.id/id/eprint/80732

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