Desain Permodelan Dinding Beton Ringan Precast Rumah Tahan Gempa Berbasis Knockdown System

Avissena, Moh. Yusuf Hasbi (2014) Desain Permodelan Dinding Beton Ringan Precast Rumah Tahan Gempa Berbasis Knockdown System. Undergraduate thesis, Institut Teknologi Sepuluh November.

[img] Text
3110100128-Undergraduate_Thesis.pdf - Accepted Version

Download (3MB)

Abstract

Indonesia terletak di daerah dengan intensitas gempa bumi tinggi sehingga rawan terjadi musibah gempa dikarenakan bertemunya tiga lempeng tektonik utama dunia. Sebagai solusi atas kerusakan rumah warga akibat gempa, Pemerintah membuat posko pengungsian sementara untuk warga. Dampak buruk terjadi ketika korban musibah gempa terlalu lama tinggal di pengungsian sehingga muncul permasalahan baru seperti permasalahan kesehatan dan sanitasi yang membuat kondisi korban musibah gempa semakin memburuk. Oleh karena itu dibutuhkan sebuah rumah tahan gempa, cepat bangun dan aman digunakan untuk masyarakat agar tidak lama tinggal di pengungsian sehingga dampak negatif akibat terlalu lama tinggal di pengungsian dapat dikurangi. Desain rumah sederhana cepat bangun ini dimodelkan dengan menggunakan bantuan software SAP2000 dengan respon spektrum gempa didapat dari Kota Padang Sidempuan sebagai wilayah dengan intensitas gempa tinggi. Selain itu juga digunakan beton ringan pracetak dari material Autoclaved Aerated Concrete f’c 11 MPa serta sistem bongkar pasang untuk memudahkan dan mempercepat waktu pelaksanaan. Hasil yang diperoleh yaitu digunakan dinding panel dengan dimensi 150 cm x 100 cm, tebal 15cm dengan tulangan vertikal dan horizontal D10-100. Digunakan ringbalk dan sloof dengan dimensi 15 cm x 20 cm dengan tulangan utama 4 D10 dan sengkang ф6-80. Untuk pondasi digunakan pondasi telapak dimensi 100 cm x 100 cm x 20 cm dengan tulangan 8 D13. Kolom pondasi menggunakan tulangan 12 D8 dengan sengkang ф10-100. Adapun sambungan, digunakan pelat baja t 6 mm BJ 37 dengan bentuk yang telah direncanakan. Digunakan juga angkur baut BJ 50 diameter 12 mm sebagai penghubung antar elemen precast. ========================================================================================================== Indonesia is located in an area with a high intensity earthquake. It is occurred due to the convergence of three major tectonic plates of the world. As a solution to the destruction of homes due to the earthquake, the Government made a temporary evacuation shelters for citizens. The adverse effects occurred when the earthquake victims living in camps for too long so that new problems arise such as health and sanitation issues that make the victim's earthquake condition worse. As a solution, they need earthquake resistant house, quickly got up and safe to use for people in refugee camps to reduce the negative impact of too long living in refugee camps. Design of this simple house is modeled with the help of software SAP 2000 and the response spectrum earthquake is in the city Padang Sidempuan as a region of high seismic intensity. In addition, all of element use precast lightweight concrete material Autoclaved Aerated Concrete f'c 11 MPa based on knockdown systems to facilitate and speed up the execution time. The results obtained are used wall panels with dimensions of 150cm x 100cm x 15cm with the wertical and horizontal main reinforcement D10-100. The sloof beam and ring beam use main reinforcement 4D10 and crossbar ф6-80. For the base foundation, the dimensions is 100cm x 100cm x 20 cm, with the main reinforcement 8D13. And the column of foundation use the main reinforcement 12 D13 with the crossbar ф6-100. And for the connector of every precast element use the t 6mm steel BJ 37 by the shaped that have been designed. And also use the bolt diameter 12 mm BJ 50 as an anchor to each precast element.

Item Type: Thesis (Undergraduate)
Additional Information: RSS 693.852 Avi d 3100014057548
Uncontrolled Keywords: Beton Precast, Tahan Gempa, Knockdown System
Subjects: T Technology > TA Engineering (General). Civil engineering (General) > TA683 Precast concrete construction. Prestressed concrete construction.
Divisions: Faculty of Civil Engineering and Planning > Civil Engineering > 22201-(S1) Undergraduate Thesis
Depositing User: Yeni Anita Gonti
Date Deposited: 18 Dec 2020 05:35
Last Modified: 18 Dec 2020 05:35
URI: http://repository.its.ac.id/id/eprint/82314

Actions (login required)

View Item View Item