Pabrik Sodiun Tripolyphosphate dari Natrium Karbonat dan Asam Fosfat dengan Proses Neutralization, drying, dan calcination

Lisadavy, Agnarindra Rahma and Pratiwi, Ira Beny (2018) Pabrik Sodiun Tripolyphosphate dari Natrium Karbonat dan Asam Fosfat dengan Proses Neutralization, drying, dan calcination. Diploma thesis, Institut Teknologi Sepuluh Nopember.

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Abstract

Di Indonesia senyawa Sodium Tripolyphosphate memiliki prospek yang baik untuk dikembangkan. Banyaknya permintaan dari dalam negeri belum diimbangi dengan ketersediaan Sodium Tripolyphosphate sehingga Indonesia masih mengimpornya dari berbagai Negara. Hanya ada satu pabrik Sodium Tripolyphosphate di Indonesia yaitu PT. Petrocentral Gresik. Semakin besarnya kebutuhan Sodium Tripolyphosphate wilayah Indonesia memberikan peluang untuk didirikan sebuah pabrik Sodium Tripolyphosphate. Sehingga rancang pabrik ini memiliki kapasitas sebesar 42.000 ton/tahun guna membantu untuk memenuhi kebutuhan masyarakat Indonesia. Dalam mendirikan suatu pabrik, perlu dilakukan seleksi dari beberapa proses yang ada. Pembuatan Sodium Tripolyphosphate pada perancangan pabrik ini menggunakan proses yang telah di pilih yaitu Proses Kombinasi dari Proses Dua Tahap dan Proses Hoechst-Knapsack. Pertimbangannya karena proses yang di pilih ini merupakan proses yang memudahkan dalam proses netralisasinya, karena ada 2 tahap pre netralisasi dan netralisasi. Ini menguntungkan karena reaksinya lebih sempurna. Hasil akhirnya adalah terbentuknya Sodium Typolyphosphate juga terbentuknya Tetrasodium Pyrophosphate dari Disodium Phosphate yang tidak bereaksi dengan Sodium Typolyphosphate. Hasil dari perancangan Pabrik STPP ini adalah bertempatkan di Kawasan Industri Tuban. Rancang pabrik ini beroperasi secara kontinyu selama 330 hari/tahun dan 24 jam/hari. Bahan baku Asam Fosfat diambil dar PT. Petrocentral Gresik dan Natrium Karbonat diambil dari PT. Kaltim Sahid Baritosoda Kimia. ======================================================================================================== In Indonesia Sodium Tripolyphosphate compounds have good prospects to be developed, both in terms of potential raw materials and markets. The main goal is to meet the domestic needs that tend to increase every year. The number of domestic demand has not been matched by the availability of Sodium Tripolyphosphate so that Indonesia still imports it from various countries. There is only one Sodium Tripolyphosphate factory in Indonesia that is PT. Petrocentral Gresik with installed production capacity of 50,000 tons / year. The greater the need for Sodium Tripolyphosphate in Indonesia provides an opportunity for the establishment of a Sodium Tripolyphosphate plant. So the design of this factory has a capacity of 42,000 tons / year to help to meet the needs of the people of Indonesia. In establishing a factory, it is necessary to select from several existing processes. Making Sodium Tripolyphosphate on the design of this plant using a process that has been selected is the Combination Process of Two-Stage Process and Hoechst-Knapsack Process. Consideration because the process is selected is a process that facilitates the process of neutralization. Because of its neutralization there are 2 pre neutralization and neutralization stages. This is beneficial because the reaction is more perfect. The end result is the formation of Sodium Typolyphosphate also the formation of Tetrasodium Pyrophosphate from Disodium Phosphate which does not react with Sodium Typolyphosphate. The result of the design of this STPP Plant is located in Ds Industrial Estate. Socorejo, Kec. Jenu, Kab. Tuban, East Java. The design of this plant operates continuously for 330 days / year and 24 hours / day. The raw material of Phosphoric Acid is taken from PT. Petrocentral Gresik and Sodium Carbonate are taken from PT. Kaltim Sahid Baritosoda Kimia. And the supporting material of this plant is water.

Item Type: Thesis (Diploma)
Additional Information: RSKI 661.322 Lis p-1 3100018077360
Uncontrolled Keywords: Sodium Tripolyphosphate, Natrium Karbonat, Asam Fosfat, Sodium Tripolyphosphate, Natriom Carbonate, Phosphoric Acid
Subjects: T Technology > TP Chemical technology
T Technology > TP Chemical technology > TP370 Food processing and manufacture
Divisions: Faculty of Vocational > 24305-Industrial Chemical Engineering
Depositing User: Ira Beny Pratiwi
Date Deposited: 19 Oct 2020 01:36
Last Modified: 20 Oct 2020 01:19
URI: https://repository.its.ac.id/id/eprint/55830

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