Risk and Economical Assessment of Passenger Ship Retrofitted with Dual Fuel Engine

Prabana, Andika Candra (2018) Risk and Economical Assessment of Passenger Ship Retrofitted with Dual Fuel Engine. Undergraduate thesis, Institut Teknologi Sepuluh Nopember.

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Abstract

Indonesia produces about twice amount of natural gas consumed. In 2016, Indonesia has 144 TSCF (Trillion of Standard Cubic Feet) of natural gas reserves that consist of 101.2 TSCF proven gas reserves and 42.8 TSCF of potential gas reserves. LNG offers huge advantages, especially to obey IMO regulation adopted a revised Annex VI about the International Convention for the Prevention of Pollution from ships (MARPOL). Annex VI contains regulations for the prevention of air pollution. all industrial components, manufacturing industry, and shipping industries in Indonesia are highly dependent on fuel oil. This is one reason for runs out of indonesia's oil supplies. This condition also affects in shipping sector because oil consumption is quite large as the fuel of ship. In addition, the occurrence fluctuations in the price of petroleum to make industry players go to use alternative fuels. safety record of LNG carriers is extremely good. Even though most of the principles remain the same, using LNG as fuel for conventional ships introduces new systems on board together with their associated risks. To located LNG tank also need many consideration for safety reason and economical aspect. In order to design, build and operate a gas-fuelled vessel in a safe and sustainable way, the risks will have to be thoroughly investigated and minimized. This thesis will analysis about risk and economical aspect of placement LNG tank inside and outside compartement. ======================================================================================================= Pada tahun 2016, Indonesia memiliki cadangan gas alam sebesar 144 TSCF (Trillion of Standard Cubic Feet) yang terdiri dari 101,2 cadangan gas terbukti TSCF dan 42,8 TSCF cadangan gas potensial. . LNG menawarkan keuntungan yang sangat besar, terutama untuk mematuhi peraturan IMO yang mengadopsi Lampiran VI revisi tentang Konvensi Internasional untuk Pencegahan Pencemaran dari kapal (MARPOL). Lampiran VI berisi peraturan untuk pencegahan pencemaran udara. Semua komponen industri, manufaktur, dan industri pelayaran di Indonesia sangat bergantung for bahan bakar minyak. Inilah salah satu alasan mahalnya pasokan minyak di indonesia. Kondisi ini juga berdampak for sektor pelayaran karena konsumsi minyak cukup besar seperti bahan bakar kapal. Selain itu, terjadinya fluktuasi harga minyak bumi membuat pelaku industri menggunakan bahan bakar alternatif. Meskipun sebagian besar prinsipnya tetap sama, menggunakan LNG sebagai bahan bakar untuk kapal konvensional memperkenalkan sistem baru di kapal beserta risiko yang terkait dengannya. Dalam peletakan tangki LNG membutuhkan banyak pertimbangan secara keamanan dan ekonomi. Dalam mendesain, membangun dan mengoperasikan kapal berbahan bakar gas dengan aman, maka resikonya harus bisa di invertigasi dan di perkecil. Thesis ini akan menganalisa aspek resiko dan ekonomi dalam peletakan tangki LNG di dalam dan diluar kompartemen tempat cargo

Item Type: Thesis (Undergraduate)
Additional Information: RSSP 623.812 43 Pra r-1 3100018077956
Uncontrolled Keywords: Dual Fuel, Passenger Ship, Fuel System, HAZOP, LNG, Risk Assesment, Economical Assesment
Subjects: V Naval Science > VM Naval architecture. Shipbuilding. Marine engineering
V Naval Science > VM Naval architecture. Shipbuilding. Marine engineering > VM276.A1 Fuel (Including supplies, costs, etc.)
V Naval Science > VM Naval architecture. Shipbuilding. Marine engineering > VM293 Shipping--Indonesia--Safety measures
V Naval Science > VM Naval architecture. Shipbuilding. Marine engineering > VM297 Ships Designs and drawings
Divisions: Faculty of Marine Technology (MARTECH) > Marine Engineering > 36202-(S1) Undergraduate Thesis
Depositing User: Andika Candra Prabana
Date Deposited: 08 Dec 2020 05:32
Last Modified: 08 Dec 2020 05:32
URI: https://repository.its.ac.id/id/eprint/56196

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