Unmanned Surface Vehicle untuk Pemetaan Kedalaman Menggunakan Navigasi GPS

Rikho, Yusuf Abadi (2019) Unmanned Surface Vehicle untuk Pemetaan Kedalaman Menggunakan Navigasi GPS. Undergraduate thesis, Institut Teknologi Sepuluh Nopember.

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Abstract

Banjir merupakan bencana alam yang hampir pasti terjadi pada saat datangnya musim penghujan. Salah satu faktor penyebab terjadinya banjir adalah pendangkalan danau dan sungai, sehingga tidak dapat menampung volume air pada saat musim hujan. Untuk itu diperlukan pengerukan danau dan sungai apabila volume air sudah tidak dapat ditampung. Pada penelitian kali ini diperlukan sebuah alat atau wahana yang dapat mengukur dan memetakan kedalaman perairan secara otomatis. Sehingga dapat menggantikan posisi manusia, mempermudah pekerjaan manusia, serta mengurangi human error dalam memetakan perairan. Unmanned Surface Vehicle (USV) adalah wahana kendaraan berbentuk kapal yang dapat dioperasikan diatas permukaan air tanpa awak. Agar USV dapat berjalan secara otomatis, maka digunakan Global Positioning System (GPS) untuk mengetahui keberadaan USV. GPS yang digunakan adalah tipe ublox neo 7m. Sensor inframerah GP2Y0A710K0F digunakan untuk mengetahi kedalaman perairan. Mikrokontroler yang digunakan adalah ArdupilotMega karena memiliki beberapa fitur berupa akselerometer, barometer, gyrometer dan magnetometer. USV dalam penelitian ini dapat memetakan kedalaman air dengan menggunakan navigasi GPS yang diberikan pada ardupilot mega dengan ketinggian air minimal 0 cm dan maksimal 5.5 m. Jarak antara lokasi yang dikirim GPS dengan lokasi sesungguhnya bergeser sejauh 30cm. USV ini mampu mengirimkan data-data tersebut secara real time. ================================================================================================ Floods are natural disasters that almost certainly occur during the arrival of the rainy season. One of the factors causing flooding is siltation of lakes and rivers, so that it cannot accommodate the volume of water during the rainy season. For this reason, dredging of lakes and rivers is needed if the volume of water cannot be accommodated. In this research, a tool or vehicle is needed that can automatically measure and map water depth. So that it can replace human position, facilitate human work, and reduce human error in mapping waters. Unmanned Surface Vehicle (USV) is a vehicle in the form of a ship that can be operated on the surface of the water without crew. In order for USV to run automatically, the Global Positioning System (GPS) is used to determine the whereabouts of USV. The GPS used is the type of ublox neo 7m. The GP2Y0A710K0F infrared sensor is used to determine the depth of the water. The microcontroller used is ArdupilotMega because it has several features in the form of accelerometers, barometers, gyrometers and magnetometers. USV can water depth mapping using GPS navigation provided on mega ardupilot with a minimum water level of 0 cm and a maximum of 5.5 m. The distance between locations sent by GPS and the actual location shifts as far as 30cm. USV is able to send these data in real time.

Item Type: Thesis (Undergraduate)
Additional Information: RSE 551.460 285 Aba u-1 2019
Uncontrolled Keywords: Ardupilot Mega, Navigasi Waypoint, Pemetaan Air, Sensor Inframerah.
Subjects: T Technology > TC Hydraulic engineering. Ocean engineering
T Technology > TJ Mechanical engineering and machinery > TJ211.415 Mobile robots
T Technology > TK Electrical engineering. Electronics Nuclear engineering > TK7871.674 Detectors. Sensors
T Technology > TL Motor vehicles. Aeronautics. Astronautics > TL152.8 Vehicles, Remotely piloted. Autonomous vehicles.
V Naval Science > VM Naval architecture. Shipbuilding. Marine engineering > VM311 Catamarans.
Divisions: Faculty of Electrical Technology > Electrical Engineering > 20201-(S1) Undergraduate Thesis
Depositing User: Rikho Yusuf Abadi
Date Deposited: 06 Aug 2021 01:36
Last Modified: 06 Aug 2021 01:36
URI: https://repository.its.ac.id/id/eprint/60781

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