Karakterisasi Unjuk Kerja Diesel Engine Generator Set Sistem Dual Fuel Solar-Syngas Hasil Gasifikasi Briket Municipal Solid Waste (MSW) Secara Langsung

Rizkal, Achmad (2016) Karakterisasi Unjuk Kerja Diesel Engine Generator Set Sistem Dual Fuel Solar-Syngas Hasil Gasifikasi Briket Municipal Solid Waste (MSW) Secara Langsung. Undergraduate thesis, Institut Teknologi Sepuluh Nopember.

[img]
Preview
Text
2113106007-Undergraduate_Thesis.pdf - Accepted Version

Download (2MB) | Preview

Abstract

Sejalan dengan semakin banyaknya kebutuhan energi untuk dapat digunakan sebagai bahan bakar maka perlu adanya pengembangan gas biomassa sebagai bahan bakar alternatif pada motor pembakaran dalam maka akan dilakukan penelitian mengenai aplikasi sistem dual fuel gas hasil gasifikasi biomassa municipal solid waste (MSW) pada sistem downdraft dengan minyak solar pada motor diesel stasioner. Penelitian ini bertujuan untuk mengetahui sinkronisasi antara hasil produksi gasifier dengan mesin diesel generator set menjadi sistem dual fuel yang kompac berbahan bakar syngas hasil gasifikasi MSW sistem downdraft dengan bahan bakar diesel dengan solar. Penelitian ini dilakukan secara eksperimental dengan proses pemasukan aliran syngas yang dihasilkan downdraft municipal solid waste (MSW) ke dalam saluran udara mesin diesel generator set secara langsung menggunakan sistem mixer. Pengujian dilakukan dengan putaran konstan 2000 rpm dengan pembebanan bervariasi dari 200 watt sampai dengan 2000 watt dengan interval 200 watt. Bahwa produksi syngas dari reaktor gasifikasi ditambahkan sistem bypass untuk mengetahui kesesuaian antara reaktor gasifikasi dan mesin genset data ṁ syngas yang dibutuhkan mesin diesel, ṁ syngas yang di bypass untuk mendapatkan kesesuaian antara produksi syngas dan yang di bypass. Data-data yang diukur dari penelitian ini adalah konsumsi bahan bakar solar dan syngas dan suhu-suhu operasional, arus dan tegangan untuk mendapatkan unjuk kerja sistem dual fuel gasifier downdraft municipal solid waste (MSW) dan diesel engine generator set 3KW. Hasil menunjukkan bahwa besar nilai mass flowrate gas syngas yang dibutuhkan mesin diesel pada AFR reaktor gasisier 1,39 sebesar 0,0003748 kg/s. Mass flowrate gas syngas yang di bypass menunjukkan nilai 0 pada saat sistem dijalankan karena seluruh gas syngas masuk kedalam ruang bakar. AFR rata-rata sebesar 14,54 ,Nilai Spesifik fuel consumption (sfc)mengalami peningkatan 68% dari kondisi standar single fuel , Nilai efesiensi thermal mengalami kenaikan sebesar 7% dari kondisi single fuel, Nilai daya rata-rata sebesar 2,28 KW, Nilai torsi rata-rata sebesar 10,94 N.m. Nilai temperatur (coolant, mesin, oil, dan gas buang )pada setiap pembebanan mengalami kenaikan. ================================================================================================================== In line with the increasing number of energy needs to be used as fuel, we need to the development of gas biomass as alternative fuel on combastion motor in it will be done research on the application of the system dual fuel gas a result of gasification biomass municipal solid waste ( msw ) on system downdraft with diesel oil on stationary diesel engine .This report aims to understand synchronization between produce gasifier with diesel engines generator set be a system of dual fuel that fueled kompac syngas is result of gasification msw downdraft system with fuel diesel with solar . This study conducted in experimental with the process of entering the flow of syngas is produced downdraft municipal solid waste ( msw ) into the intake diesel engines generator set it by using a mixer system .Testing done by the constant 2000 rpm with encumbering varies from 200 watts to 2000 watts by intervals 200 watts .That the production syngas is from reactor gasification added bypass system to know conformity of gasification reactor and machine generator data ṁ syngas is needed diesel engines , ṁ syngas is in bypass to get conformity of syngas is production and bypass .result measured of research is consumption of fuel diesel and and operational syngas is temperature , the voltage to get system works were dual fuel gasifier downdraft municipal solid waste ( msw ) and diesel engine generator set 3kw . The results showed that large mass flowrate value gas syngas is required diesel engines on afr gasisier 1,39 reactor worth 0,0003748 kg per s. mass flowrate gas in syngas is that bypass 0 show value at the time of the system is run because the whole gas syngas is entered into space fuel .Afr 14,54 average of , the value of specific fuel consumption ( sfc ) have increased 68 percent of the condition of the single fuel standard , won the thermal increased by 7 percent of the condition of the single fuel , the value of the average of resources 2.28 kw , torque value average of 10,94 n.m .Value ( coolant temperature , machine , oil , and exhaust gas ) on any imposition of increased

Item Type: Thesis (Undergraduate)
Additional Information: RSM 621.313 Riz k
Uncontrolled Keywords: Motor diesel; sistem dual-fuel; syngas; minyak solar; minicipal solid waste
Subjects: T Technology > TK Electrical engineering. Electronics Nuclear engineering > TK1087 Photovoltaic power generation
Divisions: Faculty of Industrial Technology > Mechanical Engineering > 21201-(S1) Undergraduate Thesis
Depositing User: ansi aflacha
Date Deposited: 29 May 2020 07:31
Last Modified: 29 May 2020 07:31
URI: https://repository.its.ac.id/id/eprint/76062

Actions (login required)

View Item View Item