Integrated Homogenizer Blending System Design to Overcome B30 Storage Issues

Ibrahim, Tatyana Anandiya (2020) Integrated Homogenizer Blending System Design to Overcome B30 Storage Issues. Undergraduate thesis, Institut Teknologi Sepuluh Nopember.

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Abstract

World’s energy needs increase each year as technology progresses along, so do the emissions. The levels of heat-trapping CO2 in the atmosphere rose to 441 ppm in 2019, setting the record as the highest amount of CO2 in the atmosphere observed in nature in 800.000 years. Indonesia was discovered as the second highest contributor of CO2 emissions in 2018 among the G20 countries. The national government is committed to reduce the amount of emissions by ratifying the Paris Agreement whilst also trying to improve the national economy by decreasing oil imports. This led to the creation of a set of policies that support the implementation of biodiesel. According to the Ministrial Regulation No. 12/2015, four main sectors in Indonesia are required to use B30 biodiesel blend as their main fuel. To this date, the feed stock that is used to make Fatty Acid Methyl Esters (FAME) as the biodiesel blend is Crude Palm Oil (CPO), and since 1 January 2020, the utilization of B30 biodiesel became mandatory in Indonesia. The implementation of this program leads to several problems caused by the storage issues of the fuel such as; gelling, precipitation, sludging, and fuel contamination. Among the effects of long-term biodiesel storage are; increase of precipitation, acid value, density, viscosity, water content, and decrease of heating value. These storage issues get increasingly worse as the storage time progresses. The design of the integrated homogenizer system is aimed to re-blend the B30 biodiesel so that the degraded properties improve as it was before being stored. The implementation of the mandatory biodiesel program faces several challenges such as; palm oil as raw material for biodiesel production, the distribution of biodiesel blend, shortage of production due to the pandemic, and EU as the biggest importer of Indonesian biodiesel to ban biodiesel usage by 2030. Keywords: biodiesel, B30, FAME, CPO, homogenizer, degradation.

Item Type: Thesis (Undergraduate)
Uncontrolled Keywords: biodiesel, B30, FAME, CPO, homogenizer, degradation, degradasi
Subjects: T Technology > T Technology (General)
T Technology > TJ Mechanical engineering and machinery
T Technology > TJ Mechanical engineering and machinery > TJ324.5 Fuel systems
Divisions: Faculty of Marine Technology (MARTECH) > Marine Engineering > 36202-(S1) Undergraduate Thesis
Depositing User: Tatyana Anandiya
Date Deposited: 23 Aug 2020 02:50
Last Modified: 23 Aug 2020 02:50
URI: https://repository.its.ac.id/id/eprint/80247

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