Scrubber Application For MT Senipah To Meet The Regulations In 2020

Fadiwi, Oscar Alfinza (2020) Scrubber Application For MT Senipah To Meet The Regulations In 2020. Undergraduate thesis, Institut Teknologi Sepuluh Nopember.

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Abstract

Jika kita melihat aturan IMO tentang mengendalikan emisi lingkungan yang disebabkan oleh mesin utama kapal, pada tahun 2020, semua kapal yang berlayar di area Internasional, harus membatasi kandungan sulfur pada gas buang sebesar 0,5% atau kurang. Melihat kurangnya batasan sulfur yang diatur oleh IMO, hampir semua kapal harus mengurangi kandungan sulfur yang terkandung di Exhaustnya. Jadi, alternatif untuk mengurangi kandungan sulfur di gas buang adalah menginstal alat, bernama Scrubber. Prinsip kerja Scrubber adalah membersihkan gas buang dari partikel keras dan menurunkan suhu gas hingga batas tertentu. Kandungan sulfur pada gas buang berkurang karena air pancuran. Dan kemudian, air diproses dan dialirkan kembali ke laut. Jadi, kapal berbendera Indonesia yang berlayar di area Internasional harus siap memasang scrubber untuk berlayar sampai tujuan yang kami tuju. Karena harga Scrubber terlalu mahal dan peralatan ini relatif baru, kita perlu mempersiapkan scrubber dan dianggap mungkin untuk efektivitas lingkungan laut. Harga pemasangan Scrubber Hybrid loop ini sekitar 1,282 Juta Euro dan diprediksi perbedaannya 57% lebih murah dari perkiraan Berqvist et al yang mencapai 3 juta Euro. Perbedaan estimasi biaya per tahun dalam Open Loop dan Closed loop berbeda sekitar 1,073 Miliar Rupiah atau 1061,1% per tahun. Sedangkan pada Operational Expenditure, Open Loop dan Closed Loop memiliki nilai perbedaan yang sama, namun dengan persentase 100,23% per tahun. ================================================================================================== If we see IMO rules about controlling environmental emissions caused by ship’s main engine, by 2020, all the ship that sailed in International zone, must limit the sulphur content at the exhaust gas at 0.5% or less. See the lack of sulphur limitation refered by IMO, almost all ships must decrease the sulphur content that contain at its exhaust. So, the alternative for decreasing sulphur content at the exhaust gas is installing the tool, named Scrubber. The work principal of Scrubber is to clean the exhaust gas from hard particles and decrease gas temperature until at certain limit. The sulphur content at exhaust gas is decreased because of the shower water. And then, the water is processed and flowed back to the sea. So, the ship with Indonesian flag that sail at International area must be prepared for attaching a scrubber for sailing until the destination that we demand. Because Scrubber price is too expensive and this equipment is relatively new, we need to prepare the scrubber and considered as possible for effectivity of marine environment. The cost estimated for Scrubber attachment is about 1,282 Million Euro and predicted difference is about 57% cheaper than Berqvist et al Estimation which is 3 Million Euro. Cost Estimation per year between Open Loop and Closed Loop is about 1,073 Billion Rupiah or 1061,1% per year. While at Operational Expenditure, Open Loop and Closed Loop have a same difference, but in percentage is 100,23% per year.

Item Type: Thesis (Undergraduate)
Uncontrolled Keywords: Scrubber, kandungan sulfur, gas buang, estimasi biaya, kapal, Scrubber, sulphur content, exhaust gas, cost estimation, ship
Subjects: T Technology > TJ Mechanical engineering and machinery > TJ254.7 Combustion chambers
T Technology > TJ Mechanical engineering and machinery > TJ762.E93 Exhaust systems
V Naval Science > VM Naval architecture. Shipbuilding. Marine engineering > VM731 Marine Engines
Divisions: Faculty of Marine Technology (MARTECH) > Marine Engineering > 36202-(S1) Undergraduate Thesis
Depositing User: Oscar Alfinza Fadiwi
Date Deposited: 24 Aug 2020 04:36
Last Modified: 24 Aug 2020 04:36
URI: https://repository.its.ac.id/id/eprint/80525

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