Rancang Bangun Sistem Meteran Listrik Prabayar Berbasis Android

Putra, Ricko Mahendra (2010) Rancang Bangun Sistem Meteran Listrik Prabayar Berbasis Android. Diploma thesis, Institut Teknologi Sepuluh Nopember.

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Abstract

Proyek akhir ini membahas tentang permasalahan utama bagi
masyarakat di Indonesia yaitu bagaimana meningkatkan efektivitas
dalam melakukan pembayaran listrik. Terdapat suatu masalah yaitu
kebanyakan masih menggunakan metode manual dalam
pembayarannya. Cara seperti ini tentu kurang praktis dan kebanyakan
dengan metode manual masih terjadi adanya kesalahan dalam
pembayarannya.
Sebagai solusi permasalahan tersebut, diperlukan alat yang
untuk membantu pembayaran secara otomatis dan dibuatlah rancang
bangun sistem meteran listrik prabayar berbasis android. Sistem
terdiri dari sensor (pengukur) arus dan tegangan litrik PLN.
Kemudian dengan melalui rangkaian penyesuai dihubungkan dengan
masukan mikrokontroler arduino untuk dibaca setiap perioda tiap
detik. Hasil pembacaan tiap detik tersebut merupakan pemakaian
listrik dalam Watt detik yang setiap detiknya diakumulasikan. Setiap
hasil akumulasi akan diproses lebih lanjut antara lain untuk
memperbaharui pengurangan sisa saldo. Jika sisa saldo nol, maka
dilakukan pemutusan listrik oleh mikrokontroller melalui relay
pemutus. Jika pengguna telah mengisi ulang saldo token, dilakukan
penyambungan kembali listrik dari PLN. Sistem juga dilengkapi fitur
peringatan dini melalui display apabila sisa saldo telah mencapai
batas angka tertentu sesuai keinginan pengguna.
Berdasarkan hasil pengujian yang telah dilakukan pembacaan
sensor arus pada sistem kWh meter ini memiliki kesalahan sebesar
1,904 %, sensor tegangan sebesar 0,919 %.
====================================================================================================================
This final project discusses the main problem for people in
Indonesia, namely how to increase effectiveness in making electricity
payments. There is a problem that most still use the manual method
of payment. This method is certainly not practical and most of the
manual methods still occur an error in payment.
As a solution to these problems, we need a tool to help
automatically pay and design an android-based prepaid electricity
meter system. The system consists of a current (PLN) electric current
and voltage sensor. Then by adjusting the circuit connected to the
arduino microcontroller input to be read every period every second.
The results of each second reading are the electricity usage in Watt
seconds which every second is accumulated. Any accumulated
proceeds will be further processed, among others, to renew the
reduction in the remaining balance. If the remaining balance is zero,
then the power is cut off by the microcontroller through the relay
breaker. If the user has topped up the token balance, the electricity is
reconnected from PLN. The system also features an early warning
feature through the display if the remaining balance has reached a
certain number limit according to the user's wishes.
Based on the results of tests that have been carried out the
current sensor reading on the kWh meter system has an error of
1.904%, a voltage sensor of 0.919%.
====================================================================================================================
This final project discusses the main problem for people in
Indonesia, namely how to increase effectiveness in making electricity
payments. There is a problem that most still use the manual method
of payment. This method is certainly not practical and most of the
manual methods still occur an error in payment.
As a solution to these problems, we need a tool to help
automatically pay and design an android-based prepaid electricity
meter system. The system consists of a current (PLN) electric current
and voltage sensor. Then by adjusting the circuit connected to the
arduino microcontroller input to be read every period every second.
The results of each second reading are the electricity usage in Watt
seconds which every second is accumulated. Any accumulated
proceeds will be further processed, among others, to renew the
reduction in the remaining balance. If the remaining balance is zero,
then the power is cut off by the microcontroller through the relay
breaker. If the user has topped up the token balance, the electricity is
reconnected from PLN. The system also features an early warning
feature through the display if the remaining balance has reached a
certain number limit according to the user's wishes.
Based on the results of tests that have been carried out the
current sensor reading on the kWh meter system has an error of
1.904%, a voltage sensor of 0.919%.

Item Type: Thesis (Diploma)
Uncontrolled Keywords: KWH Meter, Arduino Mega, Prototipe
Subjects: T Technology > TK Electrical engineering. Electronics Nuclear engineering > TK3226 Transients (Electricity). Electric power systems. Harmonics (Electric waves).
Divisions: Faculty of Vocational > 36304-Automation Electronic Engineering
Depositing User: ricko mahendra putra
Date Deposited: 08 Sep 2020 07:27
Last Modified: 08 Sep 2020 07:27
URI: http://repository.its.ac.id/id/eprint/81829

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