Perencanaan Instalasi Pengolahan Air Limbah (IPAL) Domestik Pondok Pesantren Mahasiswa Khoirul Huda 1 Surabaya

Geriansyah, Ruzaqqi Bahtiar (2021) Perencanaan Instalasi Pengolahan Air Limbah (IPAL) Domestik Pondok Pesantren Mahasiswa Khoirul Huda 1 Surabaya. Undergraduate thesis, Institut Teknologi Sepuluh Nopember.

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Abstract

Pondok pesantren adalah salah satu sarana pendidikan yang menyediakan asrama sebagai tempat menghuni para siswanya. Semakin banyak penghuni yang menempati asrama semakin banyak pula limbah yang dihasilkan, salah satunya adalah limbah cair hasil dari kegiatan mandi, cuci, kakus (MCK). Pondok Pesantren Mahasiswa Khoirul Huda 1 Surabaya memiliki jumlah penghuni dengan kapasitas maksimal 150 orang dengan adanya renovasi gedung yang sedang berjalan. Pondok pesantren ini memiliki beberapa sarana sanitasi yang dinilai kurang layak, oleh sebab itu perlu adanya upaya perbaikan sanitasi yang kurang layak, yaitu dengan membuat perencanaan instalasi pengolahan air limbah domestik. Pemilihan teknologi pengolahan air limbah berdasarkan pada kebutuhan lahan, pembangunan, pengoperasian, perawatan, biaya investasi, dan efisiensi. Teknologi pengolahan air limbah domestik yang secara umum banyak digunakan untuk mengolah limbah cair domestik di Indonesia adalah Anaerobic Baffled Reactor (ABR) dan Anaerobic Filter. Kedua unit ini sering dipilih karena biaya pembangunan dan perawatannya yang murah serta operasionalnya yang mudah, berdasarkan literatur dan penelitian-penelitian sebelumnya. Metode perencanaan dimulai dengan melakukan studi literatur terkait topik perencanaan. Pengumpulan data terdiri dari data primer maupun sekunder diperoleh melalui survei lapangan, sampling maupun dari laporan perencanaan terdahulu. Perhitungan Engineering Design mencakup perhitungan dimensi dan aspek hidrolika bangunan IPAL dan SOP operasi dan pemeliharaan IPAL. Karakteristik limbah yang didapatkan dari dua titik sampling kemudian dihitung rata-ratanya didapatkan pH 7,97; TSS 241,66 mg/L; COD 249,76 mg/L; BOD 144,54 mg/L; minyak dan lemak 21,33 mg/L. Berdasarkan perhitungan Engineering Design (ED), diperoleh hasil berupa dimensi grease trap (1,5 m x 0,75 m x 1 m), sumur pengumpul (3,1 m x 3,1 m x 3 m), Anaerobic Baffled Reactor (8,74 m x 2,3 m x 2,25 m). Anggaran biaya konstruksi IPAL Rp 123.100.000 dan anggaran biaya operasi dan pemeliharaan Rp 2.050.000. Pada unit Grease Trap dilakukan pembersihan secara rutin berupa pengurasan minyak dan lemak setiap 1 hari sekali untuk menghindari terjadinya penyumbatan. Penyedotan tangki anaerobik pada unit ABR secara berkala dilakukan setiap 24 bulan sekali. ===================================================================================================== Islamic boarding schools are one of the educational facilities that provide dormitories as a place for students to live. The more residents who occupy the dormitory the more waste is generated, one of which is liquid waste resulting from bathing, washing and toilet (MCK) activities. Islamic boarding school Khoirul Huda 1 Surabaya has a number of residents with a maximum capacity of 150 people with the ongoing building renovations. This Islamic boarding school has several sanitation facilities that are deemed inadequate, therefore there is a need for efforts to improve sanitation that are not proper, namely by planning a domestic wastewater treatment plant. The choice of wastewater treatment technology is based on land requirements, development, operation, maintenance, investment costs and efficiency. Domestic wastewater treatment technologies that are generally widely used to treat domestic wastewater in Indonesia are Anaerobic Baffled Reactor (ABR) and Anaerobic Filter. These two units are often chosen because of their low cost of construction and maintenance as well as their easy operation, based on literature and previous studies. The planning method begins by conducting a literature study regarding the planning topic. Data collection consists of primary and secondary data obtained through field surveys, sampling and from previous planning reports. Engineering Design calculations include the calculation of dimensions and hydraulic aspects of the WWTP building and the SOP for the operation and maintenance of the WWTP. The characteristics of wastewater obtained from the two sampling points then calculated to average are pH 7.97; TSS 241.66 mg/L; COD 249.76 mg/L; BOD 144.54 mg/L; oil and grease 21.33 mg/L. Based on Engineering Design (ED) calculations, the results are the dimensions of the grease trap (1,5 m x 0,75 m x 1 m), sump well (3,1 m x 3,1 m x 3 m), Anaerobic Baffled Reactor (8,74 m x 2,3 m x 2,25 m). WWTP construction cost budget Rp 123,100,000 and operating and maintenance cost budget Rp 2,050,000. Grease Trap units are cleaned routine in the form of oil and grease drain every 1 day once to avoid blockages. Suction of anaerobic tanks in ABR units every 24 months.

Item Type: Thesis (Undergraduate)
Uncontrolled Keywords: ABR, blackwater, ED, greywater, Islamic Boarding School Wastewater, Planning, WWTP for Islamic Boarding School. ABR, Air Limbah Pondok Pesantren, black water, ED, grey water, IPAL Pondok Pesantren, Perencanaan.
Subjects: T Technology > TD Environmental technology. Sanitary engineering > TD433 Water treatment plants
T Technology > TD Environmental technology. Sanitary engineering > TD756.45 Anaerobic treatment
Divisions: Faculty of Civil, Planning, and Geo Engineering (CIVPLAN) > Environmental Engineering > 25201-(S1) Undergraduate Thesis
Depositing User: RUZAQQI BAHTIAR GERIANSYAH
Date Deposited: 02 Mar 2021 08:45
Last Modified: 02 Mar 2021 08:45
URI: https://repository.its.ac.id/id/eprint/83183

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