Kajian Timbulan Limbah Padat Kemasan Kosmetik Dan Partisipasi Mahasiswa Di Kota Surabaya

Shafira, Glady Asri (2021) Kajian Timbulan Limbah Padat Kemasan Kosmetik Dan Partisipasi Mahasiswa Di Kota Surabaya. Undergraduate thesis, Institut Teknologi Sepuluh Nopember.

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Abstract

Peningkatan sampah dipengaruhi oleh pertumbuhan industri, salah satunya industri kosmetik yang sedang tumbuh karena adanya tren merawat tubuh dari kalangan anak muda. Namun, pertumbuhan industri kosmetik juga diiringi dengan semakin banyaknya sampah kemasan kosmetik. Kemasan kosmetik dibuat dari bahan anorganik seperti plastik, kertas, kaca, dan Aluminium yang dapat mencemari lingkungan. Oleh karena itu, konsumen kosmetik perlu berpartisipasi dalam upaya pengurangan sampah kemasan. Dalam penelitian ini, konsumen kosmetik yang dimaksud adalah dari kalangan mahasiswa. Salah satu bentuk partisipasinya yaitu dalam kegiatan 3R dengan melakukan daur ulang dan mengembalikan kemasan bekas kepada konsumen. Niat partisipasi ini tentunya dipengaruhi oleh beberapa faktor menurut Theory of Planned Behaviour. Penelitian ini dilakukan di Kota Surabaya dengan sampel mahasiswa usia 16-30 tahun. Penelitian bertujuan untuk mengetahui jumlah timbulan kemasan kosmetik dan bahan kemasan kosmetik yang dihasilkan oleh mahasiswa di Kota Surabaya. Selain itu, penelitian ini juga akan mengkaji aspek partisipasi mahasiswa dalam mengurangi sampah kemasan kosmetik. Data diambil dari studi literatur dan kuesioner online melalui Zoho survey. Intensi partisipasi akan ditinjau berdasarkan Theory of Planned Behaviour oleh Ajzen. Tiga faktor yang dianalisis yaitu sikap, norma subjektif, dan Perceived Behavior Control. Hasil kuesioner merupakan data timbulan sampah kemasan kosmetik dan faktor terbesar yang mempengaruhi intensi mahasiswa berpartisipasi dalam mengurangi sampah. Data yang diperoleh akan dianalisis menggunakan uji validitas, uji reabilitas, uji skala likert dan uji korelasi Spearman Rank untuk menunjukkan hubungan antar variabel dan menentukan pengaruh terbesar. Hasil dari penelitian ini adalah jumlah timbulan sampah kemasan kosmetik yang dihasilkan per bulan yaitu sebanyak 1 kemasan/orang/bulan untuk kemasan skincare dan 0,3 kemasan/orang/bulan untuk kemasan makeup. Bahan kemasan yang paling banyak digunakan yaitu botol plastik dan palet plastik. Material yang paling banyak digunakan yaitu plastik jenis PET dan plastik Others. Selain itu juga didapatkan faktor terbesar yang mempengaruhi niat mahasiswa yaitu Perceived Behavior Control. ============================================================ ========================================= The increase in waste is influenced by the growth of the industry, one of which is the growing cosmetic industry because of the trend of caring for the body of young people. However, the growth of the cosmetic industry is also along with the increasing number of cosmetic packaging waste. Cosmetic packaging is made from inorganic materials such as plastic, paper, glass, and aluminum that can pollute the environment. Therefore, cosmetic consumers need to participate in efforts to reduce packaging waste. In this study, consumers of cosmetics in question are from among students. One form of participation is in 3R activities by recycling and returning used packaging to consumers. The intention of this participation is certainly influenced by several factors according to the Theory of Planned Behavior. This study was conducted in Surabaya with a sample of students aged 16-30 years. The research aims to find out the number of cosmetic packaging and cosmetic packaging materials produced by students in Surabaya. In addition, this study will also examine aspects of student participation in the reduction of cosmetic packaging waste. Participation intentions to be reviewed here based on Theory of Planned Behavior. Three factors that need to be analyzed are attitudes, subjective norms, and the perceived behavior control. The data is taken from the results of an online questionnaire through Zoho survey. The results of the questionnaire are data on the occurrence of cosmetic packaging waste, the most important factors that affect the intentions of students to participate, and the role of cosmetics companies in reducing waste. The data obtained will be analyzed using validity tests, reliability tests, and Spearman Rank correlation tests to show relationships between variables. The result of this study is the amount of cosmetic packaging waste produced per month, namely as much as 1 package/person/month for skincare packaging and 0.3 packaging/person/month for makeup packaging. The most widely used packaging materials are plastic bottles and plastic palettes. The most widely used materials are PET plastic and Others plastic. In addition, the biggest factor that affects students' intentions is Perceived Behavior Control.

Item Type: Thesis (Undergraduate)
Uncontrolled Keywords: kemasan kosmetik, timbulan sampah, pengurangan sampah, partisipasi mahasiswa, theory of planned behavior, waste generation, waste reduction, student participation
Subjects: T Technology > TD Environmental technology. Sanitary engineering
T Technology > TD Environmental technology. Sanitary engineering > TD898.8.C67 Waste disposal
Divisions: Faculty of Civil, Planning, and Geo Engineering (CIVPLAN) > Environmental Engineering > 25201-(S1) Undergraduate Thesis
Depositing User: Glady Asri Shafira
Date Deposited: 10 Aug 2021 22:33
Last Modified: 10 Aug 2021 22:33
URI: https://repository.its.ac.id/id/eprint/85176

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