Pabrik Garam Farmasi Dari Garam Rakyat (K-3) Dengan Metode Rekristalisasi

Apriniaz, Denny Aulia and Nurdiansyah, Danang (2021) Pabrik Garam Farmasi Dari Garam Rakyat (K-3) Dengan Metode Rekristalisasi. Undergraduate thesis, Institut Teknologi Sepuluh Nopember.

[img] Text
10411710000009_10411710000034_Undergraduate_Thesis for D4 Program.pdf - Accepted Version
Restricted to Repository staff only

Download (2MB) | Request a copy
[img] Text
10411710000009_10411710000034_Undergraduate_Thesis For D4 Program.pdf - Accepted Version
Restricted to Repository staff only until 1 October 2023.

Download (1MB) | Request a copy

Abstract

Abstrak, Pengembangan industri kimia sangat penting dikarenakan dapat mengurangi pengeluaran devisa negara untuk mengimpor bahanbahan yang dibutuhkan oleh penduduk Indonesia. Salah satu industri yang perlu dan telah dikembangkan di Indonesia adalah industri garam (NaCl). Di alam, garam tidak bisa didapatkan dalam keadaan benarbenar murni, walaupun beberapa analisa telah dilakukan menunjukkan kemurnian garam (NaCl) mencapai 99,9%. Industri pharmaceutical salt (garam farmasi) dengan kadar NaCl diatas 99,5% dan impuritis mendekati 0.Namun kualitas garam yang dikelola secara tradisional umumnya harus diolah kembali untuk dijadikan garam konsumsi, garam industri maupun untuk garam farmasi.Saat ini proses paling optimal yang digunakan dalam pembuatan garam farmasi adalah Proses Rekristalisasi (Proses Pemurnian, Penguapan dan Pengkristalan, serta Proses Pengeringan dan Pengendalian Produk). Telah dilakukan kajian efisiensi dan optimasi proses agar proses menjadi lebih efisien, ekonomis, aman dan ramah lingkungan. Dalam seluruh rangkaian proses pembuatan Garam Farmasi, digunakan 2 buah Cyclone. Efisiensi dan Optimasi Proses yang diterapkan adalah merecycle steam heater dari cyclone dengan mengalirkan kembali menuju steam heater sebesar 70% ke dalam air heater. Hasil efisiensi dan optimasi proses menunjukkan bahwa dengan mengalirkan kembali steam heater ke dalam air heater, Q yang dibutuhkan untuk memanaskan Electric Air Heater berkurang dan beban daya listrik berkurang sehingga berimplikasi pada cost pabrik yang berkurang. Setelah diterapkannya efisiensi dan optimasi proses ini ii pabrik dapat menghemat listrik sebanyak 22,94 Kwh yang jika dikonversikan ke dalam rupiah menjadi Rp. 4. 534. 533. 827, 63 pertahun. ===================================================================================================== Abstract, The development of the chemical industry is very important because it can reduce the country's foreign exchange expenditures to import materials needed by the Indonesian population. One industry that needs and has been developed in Indonesia is the salt (NaCl) industry. In nature, salt cannot be obtained in a completely pure state, although several analyzes have been carried out showing the purity of salt (NaCl) reaching 99.9%. Pharmaceutical salt industry (pharmaceutical salt) with NaCl content above 99.5% and impurity close to 0. However, the quality of traditionally managed salt generally must be reprocessed to be used as consumption salt, industrial salt or for pharmaceutical salt. Currently the most optimal process is used in the manufacture of pharmaceutical salt is the Recrystallization Process (Purification, Evaporation and Crystallization Process, as well as the Drying Process and Product Control). Efficiency studies and process optimization have been carried out to make the process more efficient, economical, safe and environmentally friendly. In the whole process of making Pharmaceutical Salt, 2 Cyclones are used. Efficiency and Optimization The process applied is to recycle the steam heater from the cyclone by flowing back into the steam heater by 70% into the air heater. The results of efficiency and process optimization show that by flowing the steam heater back into the air heater, the Q required to heat the Electric Air Heater is reduced and the load of electric power is reduced, which has implications for reduced factory costs. After the implementation of efficiency and optimization of this process the factory can save electricity as much as 22.94 Kwh which if converted into rupiah becomes Rp. 4. 534. 533. 827, 63 year.

Item Type: Thesis (Undergraduate)
Uncontrolled Keywords: Garam (NaCl), Proses Rekristalisasi, Kapasitas, Electric Air Heater. Salt (NaCl), Recrystallization Process, Capacity, Electric Air Heater.
Subjects: H Social Sciences > HD Industries. Land use. Labor > HD3656 Inspection. Factory inspection
Divisions: Faculty of Vocational > 24305-Industrial Chemical Engineering
Depositing User: Denny Aulia Apriniaz
Date Deposited: 22 Aug 2021 05:24
Last Modified: 22 Aug 2021 05:24
URI: https://repository.its.ac.id/id/eprint/88480

Actions (login required)

View Item View Item