Permatecture: Komplek Perumahan Edukasi Sebagai Siklus Hidrologi yang Seimbang

Supomo, Wila Prakasita Scotiswara (2021) Permatecture: Komplek Perumahan Edukasi Sebagai Siklus Hidrologi yang Seimbang. Undergraduate thesis, Institut Teknologi Sepuluh Nopember.

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Abstract

Setelah Perang Dunia II, terjadi ledakan populasi manusia (dari 10 juta menjadi 6 miliar jiwa) yang mengakibatkan terjadinya peningkatan kebutuhan hunian dan makanan. Penerapan pembangunan hunian rapat dan revolusi hijau untuk meningkatkan jumlah pangan menimbulkan permasalahan rusaknya keseimbangan siklus hidrologi. Air tanah setiap hari dieksploitasi untuk pertanian, namun tidak bisa diproduksi kembali karena jalur infiltrasi terhalang oleh hunian. Kerusakan siklus hidrologi ini tentunya mengancam keberlangsungan kehidupan yang ada di lingkungan tersebut. Untuk itu diperlukan sebuah inovasi baru terkait konsep hunian dan lahan yang ramah dan dapat memperbaiki serta menjaga keberlangsungan siklus hidrologi. Salah satu konsep yang mungkin untuk memperbaiki dan menjaga siklus hidrologi adalah konsep permatektur. Di mana konsep ini memungkinan manusia untuk hidup seiring dengan alam. Konsep desain ini mengambil lokasi di Desa Gandri, Kab. Ngawi, Jawa Timur. Dimana desa ini merupakan desa yang mengalami krisis air dikarenakan pertumbuhan penduduk dan agrikultur yang terus menerus berkembang. Melalui desaini ini, siklus hidrologi diterapkan secara berkelanjutan dengan cara mendesain bangunan yang ada di komplek hunian ini sesuai dengan komponen siklus hidrologi. Bangunan yang ada di komplek hunian ini berfungsi sebagai komponen hujan, komponen filtrasi, komponen run-off, komponen penguapan, komponen kondensasi, dan komponen adveksi. Penerapan siklus hidrologi ini akan membuat air tidak hanya terus menerus diabil dari alam. Akan tetapi air yang ada di komplek hunian ini akan diolah kembali sehingga akan mewujudkan sebuah komlplek hunian yang mandiri dalam memenuhi kebutuhana air. Harapannya dengan adanya konsep desain ini, siklus hidrologi yang ada pada komplek hunian tersebut dapat dijaga keberlangsungannya. ==================================================================================================== After World War II, there was an increasing human population (from 10 million to 6 billion people), increasing the need for shelter and food. The application of residential development and the green revolution to increase the amount of food creates problems in the balance of the hydrological cycle. Air is exploited every day for agriculture, but cannot be reproduced because the pathways are blocked by habitation. This damage to the hydrological cycle certainly threatens the sustainability of life in the environment. For that, we need an innovation related to the concept of housing and land that is friendly and can improve and maintain the sustainability of the hydrological cycle. One of the possible concepts to improve and maintain the hydrological cycle is the concept of permatecture. Where this concept allows humans to live in harmony with nature. This design concept takes place in Ds. Gandri, Ngawi, East Java. This village experiencing a water crisis due to population growth and agriculture that continues to develop. Through this design, the hydrological cycle is applied sustainably by designing the buildings in this residential complex according to the hydrological cycle components. The buildings in this residential complex function as rain components, filtration components, run-off components, evaporation components, condensation components, and advection components. The application of the hydrological cycle will make water not only continuously taken from nature, but the water in this residential complex will be reprocessed so that it will create a residential complex that is independent in meeting water needs. With this design concept, it is hoped that the hydrological cycle in the residential complex can be maintained.

Item Type: Thesis (Undergraduate)
Uncontrolled Keywords: krisis air, siklus hidrologi, permatektur, komplek perumahan edukasi, water crisis, hydrological cycle, permatecture, education housing complex
Subjects: N Fine Arts > NA Architecture > NA2542.36 Sustainable architecture
N Fine Arts > NA Architecture > NA2750 Architectural design.
N Fine Arts > NA Architecture > NA6600 Education buildings
N Fine Arts > NA Architecture > NA7115 Domestic architecture. Houses. Dwellings
N Fine Arts > NA Architecture > NA9051 Residential areas. Site planning
Q Science > QH Biology > QH541 Ecology
Q Science > QH Biology > QH75 Nature conservation. Landscape protection. Biodiversity conservation. Endangered species and ecosystems (General). Habitat conservation. Ecosystem management. Conservation biology
S Agriculture > S Agriculture (General) > S600.7.R35 Rain and rainfall
T Technology > T Technology (General) > T58.8 Productivity. Efficiency
T Technology > T Technology (General) > TA404 Materials--Biodegradation
T Technology > TD Environmental technology. Sanitary engineering > TD195.B56 Biomass energy
T Technology > TD Environmental technology. Sanitary engineering > TD195.S47 Sewage disposal plants--Environmental aspects
T Technology > TD Environmental technology. Sanitary engineering > TD233 Water consumption
T Technology > TD Environmental technology. Sanitary engineering > TD259.2 Drinking water. Water quality
T Technology > TD Environmental technology. Sanitary engineering > TD418 Water harvesting
T Technology > TD Environmental technology. Sanitary engineering > TD430 Water--Purification.
T Technology > TD Environmental technology. Sanitary engineering > TD433 Water treatment plants
T Technology > TD Environmental technology. Sanitary engineering > TD481 Water distribution systems
T Technology > TE Highway engineering. Roads and pavements > TE215 Drainage
T Technology > TH Building construction > TH880 Sustainable buildings. Sustainable construction. Green building
T Technology > TH Building construction > TH9745.D85 Dwellings
Divisions: Faculty of Civil, Planning, and Geo Engineering (CIVPLAN) > Architecture > 23201-(S1) Undergraduate Thesis
Depositing User: Wila Prakasita Scotiswara Supomo
Date Deposited: 24 Aug 2021 04:03
Last Modified: 24 Aug 2021 04:03
URI: https://repository.its.ac.id/id/eprint/88972

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