Analisis Resiliensi Perusahaan Pelayaran Terhadap Pandemi COVID-19: Studi Kasus Muatan Batu Bara

Putri, Suci Amalia (2021) Analisis Resiliensi Perusahaan Pelayaran Terhadap Pandemi COVID-19: Studi Kasus Muatan Batu Bara. Undergraduate thesis, Institut Teknologi Sepuluh Nopember.

[img] Text
04411740000038-Undergraduate_Thesis.pdf - Accepted Version
Restricted to Repository staff only until 1 October 2023.

Download (3MB) | Request a copy

Abstract

Pada tahun 2020, ekonomi dunia terguncang akibat pandemi Covid-19. Hal ini menyebabkan konsumsi listrik industri dalam negeri merosot akibat banyak pabrik yang harus mengurangi volume produksi hingga harus menutup perusahaan. Data PT PLN, selaku badan usaha milik negara (BUMN) yang bergerak dalam bidang penyediaan tenaga listrik, menyebutkan bahwa terdapat perlambatan pertumbuhan penjualan listrik di kuartal 1 tahun 2020. Dalam periode kuartal 1 tahun 2020, penjualan listrik tumbuh 4,61% dibandingkan dengan periode yang sama pada tahun sebelumnya. Namun, konsumsi listrik industri justru turun dengan tingkat lebih besar (7,18%). Berkurangnya konsumsi listrik tersebut, mengakibatkan permintaan Batu Bara sebagai bahan bakar utama pembangkit listrik turun. Kondisi ini pada akhirnya mengurangi volume Batu Bara yang diangkut oleh suatu perusahaan pelayaran, dan dapat menjadi ancaman bagi perusahaan tersebut, karena pemasukan atau profit perusahaan secara berkala terus menurun. Untuk mengatasi kondisi tersebut, perusahaan pelayaran melakukan berbagai upaya yang bertujuan untuk mengurangi biaya operasional kapal. Upaya yang telah dilakukan belum cukup untuk menutup kerugian perusahaan sehingga diperlukan adanya perencanaan upaya yang lebih efektif. Penelitian ini bertujuan untuk menganilisis resiliensi atau kemampuan bertahan perusahaan pelayaran yang terdampak Pandemi Covid-19. Analisis dilakukan dengan menggunakan metode Altman Z-Scoring sebagai penilaian tingkat kebangkrutan dan Shutdown Point Theory, sebagai salah satu teori untuk menentukan strategi yang dapat diterapkan oleh perusahaan sehingga mampu bertahan. ===================================================================================================== In 2020, the world economy is reeling from the Covid-19 pandemic. This caused domestic industrial electricity consumption to decrease due to many factories having to reduce production volumes to close the company. Data from PT PLN, as a state-owned enterprise (SOE) engaged in the provision of electricity, said that there was a slowdown in electricity sales growth in the first quarter of 2020. In the first quarter of 2020, electricity sales grew 4.61% compared to the same period in the previous year. However, industrial electricity consumption actually fell by a greater rate (7.18%). Reduced electricity consumption, resulting in the demand for coal as the main fuel of power plants fell. This condition ultimately reduces the volume of coal transported by a shipping company, and can be a threat to the company, because the company's revenue or profit periodically continues to decline. To overcome these conditions, shipping companies make various efforts aimed at reducing the operational costs of ships. Efforts that have been made are not enough to cover the company's losses so that more effective effort planning is needed. This research aims to analyze the resilience or survivability of shipping companies affected by the Covid-19 Pandemic. The analysis was conducted using the Altman Z-Scoring method as an assessment of bankruptcy rates and Shutdown Point Theory, as one theory to determine strategies that can be applied by the company so that it can survive.

Item Type: Thesis (Undergraduate)
Uncontrolled Keywords: Resilience, Bankruptcy Prediction, Strategy, Shipping Company
Subjects: H Social Sciences > HE Transportation and Communications > HE564.A1 Shipping
H Social Sciences > HE Transportation and Communications > HE566.F7 Freighters. Cargo ships
H Social Sciences > HF Commerce > HF5416.5 Pricing
H Social Sciences > HG Finance > HG4529 Investment analysis
H Social Sciences > HJ Public Finance
Divisions: Faculty of Marine Technology (MARTECH) > Marine Transportation Engineering > 21207-(S1) Undergraduate Thesis
Depositing User: Suci Amalia Putri
Date Deposited: 26 Aug 2021 02:27
Last Modified: 26 Aug 2021 02:27
URI: https://repository.its.ac.id/id/eprint/89786

Actions (login required)

View Item View Item