Studi Peningkatan Kemampuan Galangan Kapal Di Jawa Timur Untuk Mendukung Program Pengadaan Kapal Penangkap Ikan Nasional Oleh Kementerian Kelautan Dan Perikanan

Alfath, Maynar Muhammad (2016) Studi Peningkatan Kemampuan Galangan Kapal Di Jawa Timur Untuk Mendukung Program Pengadaan Kapal Penangkap Ikan Nasional Oleh Kementerian Kelautan Dan Perikanan. Undergraduate thesis, Institut Teknologi Sepuluh Nopember Surabaya.

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Abstract

Kementerian Kelautan dan Perikanan mencanangkan program pengadaan 3280 kapal penangkap ikan dengan bahan dasar fiberglass di tahun 2016. Keseluruhan kapal penangkap ikan akan dibangun menggunakan material fiberglass. Akan tetapi, hal ini tidak sebanding dengan jumlah galangan kapal fiber di Indonesia yang lebih didominasi oleh galangan kapal kayu. Tujuan dari Tugas Akhir ini adalah untuk mengevaluasi kondisi eksisting galangan kapal kayu di Jawa Timur, serta melakukan analisis teknis dan ekonomis kebutuhan pengembangan galangan kapal kayu agar mampu berperan dalam program pengadaan kapal penangkap ikan oleh Kementerian Kelautan dan Perikanan. Didalam Tugas Akhir ini, dilakukan survey galangan kapal fiber dan galangan kapal kayu di Jawa Timur. Studi literatur dilakukan mengenai kapal penangkap ikan, proses pembangunan kapal fiber, dan analisis kelayakan investasi. Dari kriteria peserta lelang pengadaan kapal penangkap ikan, dibuat strategi pengembangan berupa persiapan sumberdaya manusia galangan, peralatan galangan, serta komposisi workshop galangan. Selain kebutuhan teknis, dilakukan juga perhitungan ekonomis mengenai analisis kelayakan investasi pengembangan galangan. Hasil yang didapatkan adalah galangan kapal kayu belum memiliki SDM minimal lulusan D3 Teknik Perkapalan sebagai syarat kelayakan galangan mengikuti lelang pembangunan kapal. Komposisi manajemen galangan berupa direktur utama (owner), kepala produksi (minimal D3 Teknik Perkapalan), tenaga produksi, tenaga kelistrikan (minimal SMK Listrik), administrasi dan keuangan, serta bagian pemasaran. Pengembangan kompetensi tenaga produksi kapal fiber membutuhkan 35 materi pelatihan selama 160 jam yang terdiri dari teori dan praktek. Terdapat galangan yang berpotensial untuk dikembangkan dilihat dari segi fasilitas, luasan workshop, dan legalitas usahanya. Peralatan produksi kapal fiber yang dibutuhkan adalah kebutuhan peralatan dari metode produksi hand lay-up. Pengembangan layout galangan mungkin untuk dikolaborasikan antara produksi kapal kayu dan produksi kapal fiber. Luasan workshop kapal fiber yang dibutuhkan adalah sebesar 1350 m2. Pengembangan galangan kapal kayu agar mampu memproduksi kapal fiber dengan metode hand lay-up membutuhkan investasi sebesar Rp. 1.131.213.000,-. Perhitungan kelayakan investasi metode NPV dengan suku bunga 13,39% menghasilkan pengembalian investasi di tahun ke 6 setelah pengembangan galangan dilakukan. Dan hasil perhitungan dari internal rate of return menunjukkan besaran bunga yang masih layak untuk dilakukan investasi mencapai 18,08%, lebih besar dari suku bunga. ============================================================ Ministry of Maritime Affairs and Fisheries launched a program to provide 3,280 fishing boats with fiberglass base material in the 2016. Overall fishing vessels will be built using fiberglass material. However, this is not proportional to the amount of fiber shipyard in Indonesia that more dominated by wooden shipyard. The purpose of this final project is to evaluate existing condition of wooden shipyard in East Java, and to perform technical and economical analysis that needed in developing wooden shipyard to be able to play a part in the procurement program of fishing vessels by the Ministry of Maritime Affairs and Fisheries. In this final project, conducted a survey to fibreglass and wooden shipyard in East Java. The literature study conducted about fishing vessel, building process of fiberboat, and investment feasibility analysis. From the fishing vessel tender participant criteria, created development strategy in the form of shipyard human resources preparation, shipyard equipment, and the composition of shipyard workshop. In addition, also performed economic calculation regarding the shipyard development invesment feasibility analysis. The results obtained are wooden shipyard has not had a minimal human resource requirement that graduated from D3 Naval Architecture as a condition of eligibility to enter the auction boatbuilding shipyard. Shipyard management composition in the form of director (owner), head of production (minimum D3 Naval Architecture), production labour, power electrical (minimum graduated from Electrical High School), administration and finance, and marketing section. Development of production labour competence of fiber requires 35 training materials for 160 hour consisting of theory and practice. There is a shipyard with potential to be developed in terms of facilities, workshop area, and the legality of its business. Fiber board production equipment required is the equipment needs of the production method of hand lay-up. Development of shipyard layout possible to collaborate between the production of wooden boats and production of fiber board. Fiberboat workshop area need 1350 m2. Development of wooden shipyard in order to be able to produce fiber boat with hand lay-up methods require an investment of Rp. 1.131.213.000,-. Investment feasibility NPV calculation method with an interest rate 13.39% generating a return on investment in 6 years after the development of shipyards do. And from calculation of internal rate of return (IRR) shows that the interest is still worthy untill 18,08%, bigger than interest rate.

Item Type: Thesis (Undergraduate)
Additional Information: RSPe 623.83 Alf s
Uncontrolled Keywords: Galangan Kapal Kayu , Kapal Fiber, Kapal Penangkap Ikan, Kementerian Kelautan dan Perikanan, Peningkatan Kemampuan Galangan
Subjects: T Technology > TC Hydraulic engineering. Ocean engineering > TC357 Harbor Engineering. Piers, quays, and wharves
Divisions: Faculty of Marine Technology (MARTECH) > Naval Architecture and Shipbuilding Engineering > 36202-(S1) Undergraduate Thesis
Depositing User: EKO BUDI RAHARJO
Date Deposited: 26 Nov 2019 06:23
Last Modified: 26 Nov 2019 06:23
URI: http://repository.its.ac.id/id/eprint/72041

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