Karakterisasi untuk kerja generator gas HHO tipe Dry cell dengan elektroda titanium dan penambahan PWM

Hakim, Abdul (2016) Karakterisasi untuk kerja generator gas HHO tipe Dry cell dengan elektroda titanium dan penambahan PWM. Undergraduate thesis, Institut Teknologi Sepuluh Nopember.

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Abstract

Ketersediaan bahan bakar minyak semakin terbatas dan hasil pembakarannya berdampak pada pencemaran lingkungan, maka segala usaha untuk menghemat konsumsi bahan bakar dan pemanfaatan energi ramah lingkungan harus terus dilakukan. seiring dengan meningkatnya pemakaian minyak bumi khususnya di sektor transportasi, menyebabkan tingginya emisi polutan yang dihasilkan dari proses pembakaran, seperti karbon monoksida (CO), hidrokarbon (HC), nitrogen oksida (NOX), sulfur oksida (SOX), dan zat debu timbal (Pb). Pada penelitian yang sudah dilakukan dengan sistem direct connection, temperatur mencapai lebih dari 90°C menyebabkan bejana generator HHO menjadi rusak dan meleleh. Apabila temperaturnya terus naik maka gas HHO yang dihasilkan akan bercampur dengan uap air. Penelitian ini dikembangkan lagi dengan penambahan alat untuk mengkontrol besarnya arus, frekuensi, dan duty cycle berupa rangkaian PWM (Pulse Width Modulation). Oleh karena itu diperlukan penelitian mengenai karakateristik dan unjuk kerja dari beberapa tipe generator untuk mendapakan optimasi terbaik. Pada penelitian ini, pengembangan generator HHO menggunakan tipe kering (dry cell). Pengujian tipe generator dengan penambahan PWM divariasikan berupa duty cycle: 20%, 40%, 60%, 80% dan 100% (direct connection). Konfigurasi generator menggunakan elektroda titanium grade 1 sebanyak 12 plat dan dimensi luasannya 80 x 80 mm. ======================================================================================================== The availability of fuel oil burning increasingly limited and the results have an impact on environmental pollution, then all the effort to save fuel consumption and utilization of environmentally friendly energy should be done. One of them by using HHO gas to the Motor Combustion. In studies that have been conducted with a direct connection, the electrolyte temperature is over 90 ° C causes the HHO generator vessels become damaged and melt. If the temperature continues to rise, the HHO gas produced will be mixed with water vapor. This research was developed with additional means to control the amount of current, frequency, and duty cycle a series PWM (Pulse Width Modulation). Therefore, research is needed on the specific characteristics and performance of several types of generators to get the best optimization. In this study, the development of HHO generator uses dry type (dry cell). The second type of generator testing with the addition of such varied PWM duty cycle: 20%, 40%, 60%, 80% and 100% (direct connection). Generator configuration using grade 1 titanium electrode plates and as much as 12 areas of dimensions 80 x 80 mm.

Item Type: Thesis (Undergraduate)
Additional Information: RSM 665.81 Hak k 3100016067892
Uncontrolled Keywords: Generator gas HHO, Dry cell, Titanium, PWM 20%, 40%,60%,80%,dan 100%
Subjects: Q Science > QD Chemistry > QD553 Electrochemistry. Electrolysis
T Technology > TK Electrical engineering. Electronics Nuclear engineering > TK2797 Motor-generator sets. Cascade
Divisions: Faculty of Industrial Technology > Mechanical Engineering > 21201-(S1) Undergraduate Thesis
Depositing User: Yeni Anita Gonti
Date Deposited: 03 Aug 2020 07:21
Last Modified: 03 Aug 2020 07:21
URI: http://repository.its.ac.id/id/eprint/76865

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